Evolving and Sustaining Ocean Best Practices and Standards for the Next Decade

Type Article
Date 2019-06
Language English
Author(s) Pearlman Jay1, Bushnell Mark2, Coppola Laurent3, Karstensen Johannes4, Buttigieg Pier Luigi5, Pearlman Francoise1, Simpsons Pauline6, Barbier Michele7, Muller-Karger Frank E.8, Munoz-Mas Cristian9, Pissierssens Peter10, Chandler Cyndy11, Hermes Juliet12, Heslop Emma13, Jenkyns Reyna14, Achterberg Eric P.4, Bensi Manuel15, Bittig Henry C.16, Blandin Jerome17, Bosch Julie18, Bourles Bernard19, Bozzano Roberto20, Buck Justin J. H.21, Burger Eugene F.22, Cano Daniel23, Cardin Vanessa15, Llorens Miguel Charcos9, Cianca Andres24, Chen Hua25, Cusack Caroline26, Delory Eric24, Garello Rene27, Giovanetti Gabriele28, Harscoat ValerieORCID17, Hartman Susan29, Heitsenrether Robert30, Jirka Simon31, Lara-Lopez Ana32, Lanteri Nadine17, Leadbetter Adam26, Manzella Giuseppe33, Maso Joan34, McCurdy Andrea35, Moussat Eric17, Ntoumas Manolis36, Pensieri Sara20, Petihakis George36, Pinardi Nadia37, Pouliquen SylvieORCID17, Przeslawski Rachel38, Roden Nicholas P.39, Silke Joe26, Tamburri Mario N.40, Tang Hairong25, Tanhua Toste4, Telszewski Maciej41, Testor Pierre42, Thomas Julie43, Waldmann Christoph44, Whoriskey Fred45
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Elect & Elect Engineers, Paris, France.
2 : Us IOOS QARTOD Project, Virginia Beach, VA USA.
3 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Oceianog Villefranche, Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
4 : Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany.
5 : Helmholtz Zentrum Polar & Meeresforsch, Alfred Wegener Inst, HGF MPG Grp Deep Sea Ecol & Technol, Bremerhaven, Germany.
6 : Cent Caribbean Marine Inst, Little Cayman, Cayman Islands.
7 : Inst Sci & Eth, Nice, France.
8 : Univ S Florida, Coll Marine Sci, St Petersburg, FL USA.
9 : Balearic Isl Coastal Observing & Forecasting Syst, Data Ctr Facil, Palma De Mallorca, Spain.
10 : UNESCO, IOC Project Off IODE, IOC Capac Dev, Intergovt Oceanog Commiss, Oostende, Belgium.
11 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
12 : South African Environm Observat Network, Cape Town, South Africa.
13 : United Nat Educ Sci & Cultural Org, Global Ocean Observing Syst, Paris, France.
14 : Ocean Networks Canada, Data Stewardship & Operat Support, Victoria, BC, Canada.
15 : Ist Nazl Oceanog & Geofis Sperimentale, Oceanog Sect, Trieste, Italy.
16 : Leibniz Inst Baltic Sea Res Warnemunde, Dept Phys Oceanog & Instrumentat, Rostock, Germany.
17 : Inst Francais Rech Exploitat Mer, Brest, France.
18 : NOAA, Natl Ctr Environm Informat, Stennis Space Ctr, MS USA.
19 : US IMAGO, Inst Rech Dev, Brest, France.
20 : Natl Res Council Italy, Inst Study Anthropogen Impacts & Sustainabil Mari, Genoa, Italy.
21 : Natl Oceanog Ctr, Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
22 : NOAA, Pacific Marine Environm Lab, 7600 Sand Point Way Ne, Seattle, WA 98115 USA.
23 : Inst Oceanog, Madrid, Spain.
24 : PLOCAN, Ocean Platform Canary Isl, Telde, Spain.
25 : Natl Ctr Ocean Stand & Metrol, Dept Ocean Standardizat Management, Tianjin, Peoples R China.
26 : Marine Inst, Galway, Ireland.
27 : IMT Atlant, Brest, France.
28 : Natl Inst Geophys & Volcanol, Rome, Italy.
29 : Nat Environm Res Council Univ Southampton, Natl Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants, England.
30 : NOAA, Ocean Syst Test & Evaluat Program, Ctr Operat Oceanog Prod & Serv, Natl Ocean Serv, Chesapeake, VA USA.
31 : 52 North GmbH, Munster, Germany.
32 : Univ Tasmania, Integrated Marine Observing Syst, Hobart, Tas, Australia.
33 : ETT SpA, Genoa, Italy.
34 : Autonomous Univ Barcelona, Ctr Ecol Res & Forestry Applicat, Barcelona, Spain.
35 : Univ Corp Atmospher Res, Boulder, CO USA.
36 : Hellenic Ctr Marine Res, Iraklion, Greece.
37 : Univ Bologna, Lab R Sartori, Ravenna, Italy.
38 : Geosci Australia, Natl Earth & Marine Observat Branch, Canberra, ACT, Australia.
39 : Univ Bergen, Geophys Inst Bjerknes Ctr Climate Res, Bergen, Norway.
40 : Univ Maryland, Chesapeake Biol Lab, Alliance Coastal Technol, Solomons, MD 20688 USA.
41 : Polish Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Sopot, Poland.
42 : UPMC, Paris 06, Sorbonne Univ,IPSL, CNRS IRD MNHN,UMR 7159,Lab Oceanog & Climatol LOC, Paris, France.
43 : Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 USA.
44 : Univ Bremen, Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
45 : Dalhousie Univ, Ocean Tracking Network, Halifax, NS, Canada.
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2019-06 , Vol. 6 , N. 277 , P. 19p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00277
WOS© Times Cited 19
Keyword(s) best practices, sustainability, interoperability, digital repository, peer review, ocean observing, ontologies, methodologies
Abstract The oceans play a key role in global issues such as climate change, food security, and human health. Given their vast dimensions and internal complexity, efficient monitoring and predicting of the planet's ocean must be a collaborative effort of both regional and global scale. A first and foremost requirement for such collaborative ocean observing is the need to follow well-defined and reproducible methods across activities: from strategies for structuring observing systems, sensor deployment and usage, and the generation of data and information products, to ethical and governance aspects when executing ocean observing. To meet the urgent, planet-wide challenges we face, methods across all aspects of ocean observing should be broadly adopted by the ocean community and, where appropriate, should evolve into "Ocean Best Practices." While many groups have created best practices, they are scattered across the Web or buried in local repositories and many have yet to be digitized. To reduce this fragmentation, we introduce a new open access, permanent, digital repository of best practices documentation (oceanbestpractices.org ) that is part of the Ocean Best Practices System (OBPS). The new OBPS provides an opportunity space for the centralized and coordinated improvement of ocean observing methods. The OBPS repository employs user-friendly software to significantly improve discovery and access to methods. The software includes advanced semantic technologies for search capabilities to enhance repository operations. In addition to the repository, the OBPS also includes a peer reviewed journal research topic, a forum for community discussion and a training activity for use of best practices. Together, these components serve to realize a core objective of the OBPS, which is to enable the ocean community to create superior methods for every activity in ocean observing from research to operations to applications that are agreed upon and broadly adopted across communities. Using selected ocean observing examples, we show how the OBPS supports this objective. This paper lays out a future vision of ocean best practices and how OBPS will contribute to improving ocean observing in the decade to come.
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Pearlman Jay, Bushnell Mark, Coppola Laurent, Karstensen Johannes, Buttigieg Pier Luigi, Pearlman Francoise, Simpsons Pauline, Barbier Michele, Muller-Karger Frank E., Munoz-Mas Cristian, Pissierssens Peter, Chandler Cyndy, Hermes Juliet, Heslop Emma, Jenkyns Reyna, Achterberg Eric P., Bensi Manuel, Bittig Henry C., Blandin Jerome, Bosch Julie, Bourles Bernard, Bozzano Roberto, Buck Justin J. H., Burger Eugene F., Cano Daniel, Cardin Vanessa, Llorens Miguel Charcos, Cianca Andres, Chen Hua, Cusack Caroline, Delory Eric, Garello Rene, Giovanetti Gabriele, Harscoat Valerie, Hartman Susan, Heitsenrether Robert, Jirka Simon, Lara-Lopez Ana, Lanteri Nadine, Leadbetter Adam, Manzella Giuseppe, Maso Joan, McCurdy Andrea, Moussat Eric, Ntoumas Manolis, Pensieri Sara, Petihakis George, Pinardi Nadia, Pouliquen Sylvie, Przeslawski Rachel, Roden Nicholas P., Silke Joe, Tamburri Mario N., Tang Hairong, Tanhua Toste, Telszewski Maciej, Testor Pierre, Thomas Julie, Waldmann Christoph, Whoriskey Fred (2019). Evolving and Sustaining Ocean Best Practices and Standards for the Next Decade. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(277), 19p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00277 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61423/