Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study

Type Article
Date 2019-06
Language English
Author(s) Cocquempot Lucie1, 2, Delacourt Christophe1, Paillet Jerome2, Riou Philippe2, Aucan Jérôme3, Castelle Bruno4, Charria Guillaume5, Claudet Joachim6, Conan Pascal7, Coppola Laurent8, Hocdé Régis9, Planes Serge10, Raimbault Patrick11, Savoye Nicolas5, Testut Laurent12, Vuillemin Renaud7
Affiliation(s) 1 : Laboratoire Géosciences Océan (LGO), UMR6538 (Univ. Brest/CNRS/UBS), European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM), Plouzané, France
2 : Département Océanographie et Dynamique des Ecosystèmes (ODE), Ifremer, Plouzané, France
3 : Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales (LEGOS), UMR5566 (CNRS/CNES/IRD/UPS), University of Toulouse, Toulouse, France
4 : Environnements et Paléoenvironnements Océaniques et Continentaux (EPOC), UMR5805 (CNRS/Univ Bordeaux/EPHE), OASU, University of Bordeaux, Pessac, France
5 : aboratoire d’Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (LOPS), UMR6523 (Ifremer/Univ. Brest/CNRS/UBO/IRD), European Institute for Marine Studies (IUEM), Plouzané, France
6 : Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l’Environnement (CRIOBE), USR3278 (CNRS/EPHE/UPVD), PSL Université Paris, Paris, France
7 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie Microbienne (LOMIC), UMR7621 (Sorbonne Université/CNRS), Observatoire Océanologique de Banyuls, Sorbonne Université, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
8 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche (LOV), UMR7093 (Sorbonne Université/CNRS), Institut de la Mer de Villefranche (IMEV), Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
9 : Marine Biodiversity, Exploitation and Conservation (MARBEC), University of Montpellier, UMR9190 (CNRS/IFREMER/IRD), Montpellier, France
10 : Centre de Recherches Insulaires et Observatoire de l’Environnement (CRIOBE), USR 3278 (CNRS/EPHE/UPVD), PSL Research University, Perpignan, France
11 : Mediterranean Institute of Oceanology (MIO), UMR7294, UM 110 (CNRS/INSU/IRD), University of Aix-Marseille, Marseille, France
12 : LIttoral ENvironnement et Sociétés (LIENSs), UMR7266 (CNRS/Univ. La Rochelle), Institut du Littoral et de l’Environnement, La Rochelle, France
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-06 , Vol. 6 , N. 324 , P. 17p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00324
Keyword(s) observation infrastructure, national structuration, interdisciplinary, coastal ocean, coastline
Abstract

To understand and predict the physical, chemical, and biological processes at play in coastal and nearshore marine areas requires an integrated, interdisciplinary approach. The case study of the French structuration of coastal ocean and nearshore observing systems provides an original overview on a federative research infrastructure named ILICO. It is a notable example of national structuration and pan-institution efforts to investigate the forefront of knowledge on the processes at work within the critical coastal zone. ILICO comprises, in a pluridisciplinary approach, eight distributed network-systems of observation and data analysis that are accredited and financially supported by French research institutions and the French Ministry for Higher Education, Research, and Innovation. ILICO observation points are implemented along metropolitan and overseas French coasts, where coastline dynamics, sea level evolution, physical and biogeochemical water properties, coastal water dynamics, phytoplankton composition, and health of coral reefs are monitored in order to address a wide range of scientific questions. To give an overview of the diversity and potential of the observations carried out, this paper offers a detailed presentation of three constituting networks: Service Observation en Milieu LITtoral (SOMLIT), with homogeneous sampling strategies, DYNALIT, with heterogeneous sampling strategies adapted to different environments, and Mediterranean Ocean Observing System for the Environment (MOOSE), an integrated, pluri-disciplinary coastal/offshore regional observatory in the north-western Mediterranean Sea. ILICO was conceived using a European framework. It addresses the great challenges of the next decade in terms of sustainability, cost-efficiency, interoperability, and innovation. This paper emphasizes the added-value of federating these systems, and highlights some recommendations for the future.

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Cocquempot Lucie, Delacourt Christophe, Paillet Jerome, Riou Philippe, Aucan Jérôme, Castelle Bruno, Charria Guillaume, Claudet Joachim, Conan Pascal, Coppola Laurent, Hocdé Régis, Planes Serge, Raimbault Patrick, Savoye Nicolas, Testut Laurent, Vuillemin Renaud (2019). Coastal Ocean and Nearshore Observation: A French Case Study. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(324), 17p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00324 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00503/61489/