Model-Observations Synergy in the Coastal Ocean

Type Article
Date 2019-07
Language English
Author(s) de Mey-Frémaux Pierre1, Ayoub Nadia1, Barth Alexander2, Brewin Robert3, Charria GuillaumeORCID4, Campuzano Francisco5, Ciavatta Stefano3, Cirano Mauro6, Edwards Christopher A.7, Federico Ivan8, Gao Shan9, Garcia Hermosa Isabel10, Garcia Sotillo Marcos10, 11, Hewitt Helene12, Hole Lars Robert13, Holt Jason14, King Robert12, Kourafalou Villy15, Lu Youyu16, Mourre Baptiste17, Pascual Ananda18, Staneva Joanna19, Stanev Emil V.19, Wang Hui9, Zhu Xueming9
Affiliation(s) 1 : Laboratoire d’Etudes en Géophysique et Océanographie Spatiales, Toulouse, France
2 : GeoHydrodynamics and Environment Research Group, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
3 : National Centre for Earth Observation, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth, United Kingdom
4 : Laboratoire d’Océanographie Physique et Spatiale, Plouzané, France
5 : MARETEC – Marine Environment and Technology Center, Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
6 : Department of Meteorology, Institute of Geosciences, Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
7 : Ocean Sciences Department, University of California, Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA, United States
8 : Euro-Mediterranean Center on Climate Change, Lecce, Italy
9 : Key Laboratory of Research on Marine Hazards Forecasting, National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center, Ministry of Natural Resources, Beijing, China
10 : Mercator Ocean, Ramonville-Saint-Agne, France
11 : Puertos del Estado, Madrid, Spain
12 : Met Office, Exeter, United Kingdom
13 : Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Oslo, Norway
14 : National Oceanography Centre, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom
15 : Department of Ocean Sciences, University of Miami, Miami, FL, United States
16 : Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Bedford Institute of Oceanography, Dartmouth, NS, Canada
17 : Sistema d’Observació i Predicció Costaner de les Illes Balears, Palma de Mallorca, Spain
18 : IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Instituto Mediterráneo de Estudios Avanzados, Esporles, Spain
19 : Helmholtz Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-07 , Vol. 6 , N. 436 , P. 10p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00436
WOS© Times Cited 15
Keyword(s) coastal, ocean, observations, models, synergy, synthesis, assimilation, array design
Abstract

Integration of observations of the coastal ocean continuum, from regional oceans to shelf seas and estuaries/deltas with models, can substantially increase the value of observations and enable a wealth of applications. In particular, models can play a critical role at connecting sparse observations, synthesizing them, and assisting the design of observational networks; in turn, whenever available, observations can guide coastal model development. Coastal observations should sample the two-way interactions between nearshore, estuarine and shelf processes and open ocean processes, while accounting for the different pace of circulation drivers, such as the fast atmospheric, hydrological and tidal processes and the slower general ocean circulation and climate scales. Because of these challenges, high-resolution models can serve as connectors and integrators of coastal continuum observations. Data assimilation approaches can provide quantitative, validated estimates of Essential Ocean Variables in the coastal continuum, adding scientific and socioeconomic value to observations through applications (e.g., sea-level rise monitoring, coastal management under a sustainable ecosystem approach, aquaculture, dredging, transport and fate of pollutants, maritime safety, hazards under natural variability or climate change). We strongly recommend an internationally coordinated approach in support of the proper integration of global and coastal continuum scales, as well as for critical tasks such as community-agreed bathymetry and coastline products.

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de Mey-Frémaux Pierre, Ayoub Nadia, Barth Alexander, Brewin Robert, Charria Guillaume, Campuzano Francisco, Ciavatta Stefano, Cirano Mauro, Edwards Christopher A., Federico Ivan, Gao Shan, Garcia Hermosa Isabel, Garcia Sotillo Marcos, Hewitt Helene, Hole Lars Robert, Holt Jason, King Robert, Kourafalou Villy, Lu Youyu, Mourre Baptiste, Pascual Ananda, Staneva Joanna, Stanev Emil V., Wang Hui, Zhu Xueming (2019). Model-Observations Synergy in the Coastal Ocean. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(436), 10p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00436 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00508/61961/