The Joint IOC (of UNESCO) and WMO Collaborative Effort for Met-Ocean Services

Type Article
Date 2019-08
Language English
Author(s) Pinardi Nadia1, Stander Johan2, Legler David M.3, O'Brien Kevin4, 5, Boyer Tim6, 7, Cuff Tom8, Bahurel Pierre9, Belbeoch Mathieu10, Belov Sergey11, Brunner Shelby3, Burger Eugene4, 5, Carval ThierryORCID12, Chang-Seng Denis13, Charpentier Etienne14, Ciliberti S.15, Coppini Giovanni15, Fischer Albert13, Freeman Eric7, 16, Gallage Champika14, Garcia Hernan6, 7, Gates Lydia17, Gong Zhiqiang18, Hermes Juliet19, Heslop Emma13, Grimes Sarah14, Hill Katherine14, Horsburgh Kevin20, Iona Athanasia21, Mancini Sebastien22, Moodie Neal23, Ouellet Mathieu24, Pissierssens Peter13, Poli Paul25, Proctor Roger22, Smith Neville26, Sun Charles6, 7, Swail Val27, Turton Jonathan28, Xinyang Yue29
Affiliation(s) 1 : Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
2 : South African Weather Service, Pretoria, South Africa
3 : NOAA Climate Program Office, Silver Spring, MD, United States
4 : NOAA, Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle, WA, United States
5 : Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Ocean, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
6 : NOAA, National Centers for Environmental Information, Silver Spring, MD, United States
7 : NOAA, National Centers for Environmental Information, Asheville, NC, United States
8 : National Weather Service Organization, Silver Spring, MD, United States
9 : Mercator Ocean, Toulouse, France
10 : JCOMMOPS (WMO/IOC-UNESCO), Brest, France
11 : All Russian Research Institute of Hydrometeorological Information World Data Center, Obninsk, Russia
12 : IFREMER, Brest, France
13 : IOC of UNESCO, Paris, France
14 : WMO, Geneva, Switzerland
15 : CMCC Foundation, Lecce, Italy
16 : Riverside Technology, inc., Fort Collins, CO, United States
17 : Deutscher Wetterdienst, Offenbach, Germany
18 : China Meteorological Administration, Climate Division, Forecasting and Network Department, Beijing, China
19 : South African Environmental Observation Network, Cape Town, South Africa
20 : National Oceanography Center, Liverpool, United Kingdom
21 : Hellenic Center for Marine Research, Athens, Greece
22 : Australian Ocean Data Network, Integrated Marine Observing System, Hobart, TAS, Australia
23 : Bureau of Meteorology, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
24 : Fisheries and Oceans Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
25 : Center de Météorologie Marine, Météo-France, Brest, France
26 : GODAE Ocean Services, Canterbury, NSW, Australia
27 : Climate Research Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
28 : UK Met Office, Exeter, United Kingdom
29 : State Oceanic Administration, National Marine Data and Information Service, Tianjin, China
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-08 , Vol. 6 , N. 410 , P. 23p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00410
WOS© Times Cited 11
Keyword(s) marine meteorology and oceanography, global ocean observing networks, data management, ocean services, capacity development

The WMO-IOC Joint Technical Commission for Oceanography and Marine Meteorology (JCOMM) has devised a coordination mechanism for the fit-for-purpose delivery of an end-to-end system, from ocean observations to met-ocean operational services. This paper offers a complete overview of the activities carried out by JCOMM and the status of the achievements up to 2018. The JCOMM stakeholders consist of the research and operational institutions of WMO members and the IOC member states, which mandated JCOMM to devise an international strategy to move toward the achievement of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. The three areas of activity are the Observation Program Area (OPA), the Data Management Program Area (DMPA) and the Services and Forecasting Services Program Area (SFSPA), and several expert teams have been established to contribute to the international coordination efforts. OPA is organized into observing networks connected by different observing technologies, DMPA organizes the overall near-real time and delayed mode data assembly, and the delivery methodology and architecture, and the SFSPA coordinates the met-ocean services resulting from the observations and data management. Future developments should enhance coordination in these three program areas by considering the inclusion of new and emergent observing technologies, the interoperability of met-ocean data assembly centers and the establishment of efficient research to operations protocols, in addition to better fit-for-purpose customized services in both the public and private sectors.

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Pinardi Nadia, Stander Johan, Legler David M., O'Brien Kevin, Boyer Tim, Cuff Tom, Bahurel Pierre, Belbeoch Mathieu, Belov Sergey, Brunner Shelby, Burger Eugene, Carval Thierry, Chang-Seng Denis, Charpentier Etienne, Ciliberti S., Coppini Giovanni, Fischer Albert, Freeman Eric, Gallage Champika, Garcia Hernan, Gates Lydia, Gong Zhiqiang, Hermes Juliet, Heslop Emma, Grimes Sarah, Hill Katherine, Horsburgh Kevin, Iona Athanasia, Mancini Sebastien, Moodie Neal, Ouellet Mathieu, Pissierssens Peter, Poli Paul, Proctor Roger, Smith Neville, Sun Charles, Swail Val, Turton Jonathan, Xinyang Yue (2019). The Joint IOC (of UNESCO) and WMO Collaborative Effort for Met-Ocean Services. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(410), 23p. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :