Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Darling Emily S.1, 2, 3, McClanahan Tim R.1, Maina Joseph4, Gurney Georgina G.5, Graham Nicholas A. J.6, Januchowski-Hartley Fraser7, 8, Cinner Joshua E.5, Mora Camilo9, Hicks Christina C.6, Maire Eva7, Puotinen Marji10, Skirving William J.11, 12, Adjeroud Mehdi13, Ahmadia Gabby14, Arthur Rohan15, 16, Bauman Andrew G.17, Beger Maria18, Berumen Michael L.19, Bigot Lionel20, Bouwmeester Jessica19, 21, Brenier Ambroise22, Bridge Tom C. L.5, 23, Brown Eric24, 25, Campbell Stuart J., Cannon Sara, Cauvin Bruce, Chen Chaolun Allen, Claudet Joachim, Denis Vianney, Donner Simon, Estradivari , Fadli Nur, Feary David A., Fenner Douglas, Fox Helen, Franklin Erik C., Friedlander Alan, Gilmour James10, Goiran Claire, Guest James, Hobbs Jean-Paul A., Hoey Andrew S.5, Houk Peter, Johnson Steven, Jupiter Stacy D.1, Kayal Mohsen, Kuo Chao-Yang5, Lamb Joleah, Lee Michelle A. C., Low Jeffrey, Muthiga Nyawira1, Muttaqin Efin23, Nand Yashika, Nash Kirsty L., Nedlic Osamu, Pandolfi John M., Pardede Shinta, Patankar Vardhan, Penin Lucie20, Ribas-Deulofeu Lauriane, Richards Zoe, Roberts T. Edward5, Rodgers Ku’ulei S., Safuan Che Din Mohd, Sala Enric, Shedrawi George, Sin Tsai Min, Smallhorn-West Patrick5, Smith Jennifer E., Sommer Brigitte, Steinberg Peter D., Sutthacheep Makamas, Tan Chun Hong James, Williams Gareth J., Wilson Shaun, Yeemin Thamasak, Bruno John F.3, Fortin Marie-Josée2, Krkosek Martin2, Mouillot David5, 7
Affiliation(s) 1 : Marine Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, New York, NY, USA
2 : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada
3 : Biology Department, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA
4 : Department of Environmental Sciences, Macquarie University, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
5 : Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
6 : Lancaster Environment Centre, Lancaster University, Lancaster, UK
7 : University of Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer and IRD, MARBEC, Montpellier, France
8 : Department of Biosciences, Swansea University, Swansea, UK
9 : Department of Geography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu, HI, USA
10 : Australian Institute of Marine Science, Indian Ocean Marine Research Centre, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
11 : Coral Reef Watch, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, College Park, MD, USA
12 : Global Science and Technology, Greenbelt, MD, USA
13 : UMR 9220 ENTROPIE and Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAIL, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Perpignan, France
14 : Oceans Conservation, World Wildlife Fund, Washington, DC, USA
15 : Nature Conservation Foundation, Mysore, India
16 : Centre d’Estudis Avançats de Blanes, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Girona, Spain
17 : Experimental Marine Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
18 : School of Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
19 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
20 : Red Sea Research Center, Biological and Environmental Science and Engineering Division, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia
21 : UMR 9220 ENTROPIE and Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAIL, Université de La Réunion, St Denis, France
22 : Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute, Front Royal, VA, USA
23 : WCS Papua New Guinea, Goroka, Papua New Guinea
24 : Biodiversity and Geosciences Program, Museum of Tropical Queensland, Queensland Museum Network, Townsville, Queensland, Australia
25 : Kalaupapa National Historical Park, US National Park Service, Kalaupapa, HI, USA
26 : Indonesia Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bogor, Indonesia
27 : Rare Indonesia, Bogor, Indonesia
28 : Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada
29 : GIP Réserve Naturelle Marine de la Réunion, La Saline, France
30 : Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan
31 : National Center for Scientific Research, PSL Research University, CRIOBE, USR 3278 CNRS-EPHE-UPVD, Paris, France
32 : Institute of Oceanography, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
33 : Marine and Fisheries Directorate, World Wildlife Fund Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
34 : Faculty of Marine and Fisheries, Syiah Kuala University, Banda Aceh, Indonesia
35 : MRAG Ltd, London, UK
36 : Coral Reef Consulting, Pago Pago, American Samoa
37 : National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, USA
38 : Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, School of Ocean and Earth Science and Technology, University of Hawaii, Kaneohe, HI, USA
39 : National Geographic Society, Pristine Seas Program, Washington, DC, USA
40 : Fisheries Ecology Research Lab, Department of Biology, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI, USA
41 : Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAIL, ISEA, Université de la Nouvelle-Calédonie, Nouméa, New Caledonia
42 : School of Natural and Environmental Sciences, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
43 : School of Molecular and Life Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
44 : Marine Laboratory, University of Guam, Mangilao, USA
45 : College of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR, USA
46 : Melanesia Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji
47 : UMR 5110, Centre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditerranéens, Perpignan, France
48 : UMR 9220 ENTROPIE and Laboratoire d’Excellence CORAIL, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Nouméa, New Caledonia
49 : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, USA
50 : Tropical Marine Science Institute, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
51 : National Biodiversity Centre, National Parks Board, Singapore, Singapore
52 : Fiji Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Suva, Fiji
53 : Centre for Marine Socioecology, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
54 : Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
55 : Kosrae Conservation and Safety Organization, Kosrae, Federated States of Micronesia
56 : ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
57 : School of Biological Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia
58 : Wildlife Conservation Society, Bengaluru, India
59 : Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, National Centre for Biological Sciences, Bangalore, India
60 : Biodiversity Program, Taiwan International Graduate Program, Academia Sinica, National Taiwan Normal University, Taipei, Taiwan
61 : Western Australian Museum, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
62 : Institute of Oceanography and Environment, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
63 : Western Australian Department of Biodiversity, Conservation and Attractions, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
64 : Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
65 : School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
66 : Singapore Centre for Environmental Life Sciences Engineering, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore
67 : Sydney Institute of Marine Science, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
68 : Department of Biology, Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok, Thailand
69 : School of Marine and Environmental Sciences, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Kuala Nerus, Malaysia
70 : School of Ocean Sciences, Bangor University, Bangor, UK
71 : Oceans Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, Western Australia, Australia
72 : Marine Biodiversity Research Group, Ramkhamhaeng University, Bangkok, Thailand
Source Nature Ecology & Evolution (2397-334X) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2019-09 , Vol. 3 , N. 9 , P. 1341-1350
DOI 10.1038/s41559-019-0953-8
WOS© Times Cited 68
Abstract

Without drastic efforts to reduce carbon emissions and mitigate globalized stressors, tropical coral reefs are in jeopardy. Strategic conservation and management requires identification of the environmental and socioeconomic factors driving the persistence of scleractinian coral assemblages—the foundation species of coral reef ecosystems. Here, we compiled coral abundance data from 2,584 Indo-Pacific reefs to evaluate the influence of 21 climate, social and environmental drivers on the ecology of reef coral assemblages. Higher abundances of framework-building corals were typically associated with: weaker thermal disturbances and longer intervals for potential recovery; slower human population growth; reduced access by human settlements and markets; and less nearby agriculture. We therefore propose a framework of three management strategies (protect, recover or transform) by considering: (1) if reefs were above or below a proposed threshold of >10% cover of the coral taxa important for structural complexity and carbonate production; and (2) reef exposure to severe thermal stress during the 2014–2017 global coral bleaching event. Our findings can guide urgent management efforts for coral reefs, by identifying key threats across multiple scales and strategic policy priorities that might sustain a network of functioning reefs in the Indo-Pacific to avoid ecosystem collapse.

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Darling Emily S., McClanahan Tim R., Maina Joseph, Gurney Georgina G., Graham Nicholas A. J., Januchowski-Hartley Fraser, Cinner Joshua E., Mora Camilo, Hicks Christina C., Maire Eva, Puotinen Marji, Skirving William J., Adjeroud Mehdi, Ahmadia Gabby, Arthur Rohan, Bauman Andrew G., Beger Maria, Berumen Michael L., Bigot Lionel, Bouwmeester Jessica, Brenier Ambroise, Bridge Tom C. L., Brown Eric, Campbell Stuart J., Cannon Sara, Cauvin Bruce, Chen Chaolun Allen, Claudet Joachim, Denis Vianney, Donner Simon, Estradivari, Fadli Nur, Feary David A., Fenner Douglas, Fox Helen, Franklin Erik C., Friedlander Alan, Gilmour James, Goiran Claire, Guest James, Hobbs Jean-Paul A., Hoey Andrew S., Houk Peter, Johnson Steven, Jupiter Stacy D., Kayal Mohsen, Kuo Chao-Yang, Lamb Joleah, Lee Michelle A. C., Low Jeffrey, Muthiga Nyawira, Muttaqin Efin, Nand Yashika, Nash Kirsty L., Nedlic Osamu, Pandolfi John M., Pardede Shinta, Patankar Vardhan, Penin Lucie, Ribas-Deulofeu Lauriane, Richards Zoe, Roberts T. Edward, Rodgers Ku’ulei S., Safuan Che Din Mohd, Sala Enric, Shedrawi George, Sin Tsai Min, Smallhorn-West Patrick, Smith Jennifer E., Sommer Brigitte, Steinberg Peter D., Sutthacheep Makamas, Tan Chun Hong James, Williams Gareth J., Wilson Shaun, Yeemin Thamasak, Bruno John F., Fortin Marie-Josée, Krkosek Martin, Mouillot David (2019). Social–environmental drivers inform strategic management of coral reefs in the Anthropocene. Nature Ecology & Evolution, 3(9), 1341-1350. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1038/s41559-019-0953-8 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00512/62324/