Transform Marginal Plateaus

Type Article
Date 2020-04
Language English
Author(s) Loncke L.1, Roest WalterORCID2, Klingelhoefer FraukeORCID2, Basile C.3, Graindorge David4, Heuret A.5, Marcaillou B.6, Museur Thomas2, 4, Fanget Anne-Sophie1, Mercier De Lépinay M.1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ. Perpignan Via Domitia, Centre de Formation et de Recherche sur les Environnements Méditerranéens (CEFREM), UMR 5110, 52 Avenue Paul Alduy, 66860 Perpignan, France
2 : IFREMER, Unité de Recherche Géosciences Marines, 29280 Plouzané, France
3 : Univ. Grenoble Alpes, Univ. Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, IRD, IFSTTAR, ISTerre, 38000, France
4 : Laboratoire Géosciences Océan (UMR CNRS 6538), Université de Bretagne Occidentale and Institut Universitaire Européen de la Mer, Place Nicolas Copernic, 29280 Plouzané, France
5 : Université de Guyane, Géosciences Montpellier, 97300 Cayenne, France
6 : Université Côte d'Azur, CNRS, Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, IRD, Géoazur, 250 Rue Albert Einstein, 06560 Valbonne, France
Source Earth-science Reviews (0012-8252) (Elsevier BV), 2020-04 , Vol. 203 , P. 102940 (32p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.earscirev.2019.102940
WOS© Times Cited 24
Keyword(s) Transform marginal plateau, Transform margin, Volcanic margin, Large Igneous Province, Continental breakup, Paleoceanography, Land bridge, Gateway

Numerous submarine plateaus form highstanding bathymetric highs at continent to ocean transitions. Due to their proximity to continents, they have been frequently labelled “marginal plateaus”, although this term has not been clearly defined or associated with a specific geology or geodynamic process. Until now, these elevations have been interpreted as submerged thinned continental fragments detached from continents, basaltic buildups formed by hotspots, volcanic margins or oceanic plateaus. Many of these plateaus formed at transform margins connecting oceanic basins of contrasted ages.

We propose for the first time to define and review a class of marginal plateaus related to a specific tectonic setting: “Transform Marginal Plateaus” (TMPs). Based on a compilation of 20 TMPs around the world, we show that most of them have a polyphased history and have undergone at least one major volcanic phase. Our review highlights in particular a hitherto unrecognized close link between hotspots, volcanic activity and transform margins.

We also propose that, due to their polyphased history, TMPs may contain several successive basins and overlooked long-lived sedimentary archives. We finally highlight that, because these TMPs were transform plate boundaries perpendicular or oblique to surrounding rifts, many of them were close to last-contact points during final continental breakup and may have formed land bridges or bathymetric highs between continents. Therefore, we discuss broader scientific issues, such as the interest of TMPs in recording and studying the onset and variations of oceanic currents or past biodiversity growth, bio-connectivity and lineage evolution.

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