Challenges for Sustained Observing and Forecasting Systems in the Mediterranean Sea

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Tintoré Joaquín1, Pinardi Nadia2, Álvarez-Fanjul Enrique3, Aguiar Eva4, Álvarez-Berastegui Diego4, Bajo Marco5, Balbin Rosa6, Bozzano Roberto7, Nardelli Bruno Buongiorno7, Cardin Vanessa8, Casas Benjamin9, Charcos-Llorens Miguel4, Chiggiato Jacopo5, Clementi Emanuela10, Coppini Giovanni10, Coppola Laurent11, Cossarini Gianpiero8, Deidun Alan12, Deudero Salud6, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio11, Drago Aldo12, Drudi Massimiliano10, El Serafy Ghada13, Escudier Romain11, Farcy Patrick14, Federico Ivan10, Fernández Juan Gabriel4, Ferrarin Christian5, Fossi Cristina15, Frangoulis Constantin16, Galgani FrancoisORCID17, Gana Slim18, García Lafuente Jesús19, Sotillo Marcos García3, Garreau PierreORCID14, Gertman Isaac20, Gómez-Pujol Lluis21, Grandi Alessandro10, Hayes Daniel22, Hernández-Lasheras Jaime4, Herut Barak20, Heslop Emma23, Hilmi Karim24, Juza Melanie4, Kallos George25, Korres Gerasimos16, Lecci Rita10, Lazzari Paolo26, Lorente Pablo3, Liubartseva Svitlana10, Louanchi Ferial27, Malacic Vlado28, Mannarini Gianandrea10, March David29, Marullo Salvatore30, Mauri Elena26, Meszaros Lorinc13, Mourre Baptiste4, Mortier Laurent31, Muñoz-Mas Cristian4, Novellino Antonio32, Obaton Dominique33, Orfila Amine9, Pascual Ananda9, Pensieri Sara7, Pérez Gómez Begoña, Pérez Rubio Susana3, Perivoliotis Leonidas16, Petihakis George16, De La Villéon Loic Petit14, Pistoia Jenny10, Poulain Pierre-Marie8, Pouliquen SylvieORCID14, Prieto Laura34, Raimbault Patrick35, Reglero Patricia7, Reyes Emma4, Rotllan Paz4, Ruiz Simón9, Ruiz Javier36, Ruiz Inmaculada4, Ruiz-Orejón Luis Francisco37, Salihoglu Baris38, Salon Stefano8, Sammartino Simone19, Sánchez Arcilla Agustín39, Sánchez-Román Antonio9, Sannino Gianmaria40, Santoleri Rosalia5, Sardá Rafael37, Schroeder Katrin5, Simoncelli Simona41, Sofianos Sarantis25, Sylaios Georgios42, Tanhua Toste43, Teruzzi Anna8, Testor Pierre31, Tezcan Devrim, Torner Marc4, 44, Trotta Francesco2, Umgiesser Georg5, Von Schuckmann Karina33, Verri Giorgia10, Vilibic Ivica45, Yucel Mustafa44, Zavatarelli Marco2, Zodiatis George46
Affiliation(s) 1 : SOCIB and IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Palma, Spain
2 : Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
3 : Puertos del Estado, Madrid, Spain
4 : SOCIB, Palma, Spain
5 : Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche, Istituto di Scienze Marine, Venezia, Italy
6 : COB, IEO, Mallorca, Spain
7 : National Research Council of Italy, Rome, Italy
8 : Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, Trieste, Italy
9 : IMEDEA (CSIC-UIB), Mallorca, Spain
10 : CMCC–Fondazione Centro Euro-Mediterraneo sui Cambiamenti Climatici, OPA Division, Lecce, Italy
11 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d'Océanographie de Villefranche, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France
12 : Department of Geosciences, University of Malta, Msida, Malta
13 : Stichting Deltares, Delft, Netherlands
14 : Ifremer, Brest, France
15 : Dipartimento di Scienze Fisiche, della Terra e dell'Ambiente, Università di Siena, Siena, Italy
16 : Institute of Oceanography, Hellenic Centre for Marine Research, Athens, Greece
17 : IFREMER, Bastia, France
18 : OR Consulting, Ariana Center, Ariana, Tunisia
19 : Departamento de Física Aplicada II, Universidad de Málaga, Málaga, Spain
20 : Israel Oceanographic & Limnological Research, National Institute of Oceanography, Haifa, Israel
21 : Department of Biología, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Palma, Spain
22 : Oceanography Center, University of Cyprus, Nicosia, Cyprus
23 : Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, UNESCO, Paris, France
24 : Institut National de Recherche Halieutique, Casablanca, Morocco
25 : National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
26 : OGS, Trieste, Italy
27 : ENSSMAL, Algers, Algeria
28 : National Institute of Biology, Marine Biology Station Piran, Piran, Slovenia
29 : Centre for Ecology and Conservation, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
30 : ENEA, Rome, Italy
31 : LOCEAN, Paris, France
32 : ETT, Genoa, Italy
33 : Mercator Ocean International, Toulouse, France
34 : ICMAN, CSIC, Cadiz, Spain
35 : Aix-Marseille Université, Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography, Marseille, France
36 : ICMAN, CSIC, Spanish National Research Council, Madrid, Spain
37 : Centre d'Estudis Avançats de Blanes (CEAB-CSIC), Blanes, Spain
38 : Institute of Marine Sciences, Erdemli, Turkey
39 : LIM-UPC, Barcelona, Spain
40 : ENEA, Rome, Italy
41 : Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, Sezione di Bologna, Bologna, Italy
42 : Department of Environmental Engineering, Democritus University of Thrace, Xanthi, Greece
43 : GEOMAR, Kiel, Germany
44 : Institute of Marine Sciences, METU, Ankara, Turkey
45 : Physical Oceanography Laboratory, Insitute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Split, Croatia
46 : CYCOFOS, Nicosia, Cyprus
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media SA), 2019-09 , Vol. 6 , N. 568 , P. 30p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00568
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) observing and forecasting systems, sustained observations, ocean variability, FAIR data, climate, operational services, science with and for society, SDG's
Abstract

The Mediterranean community represented in this paper is the result of more than 30 years of EU and nationally funded coordination, which has led to key contributions in science concepts and operational initiatives. Together with the establishment of operational services, the community has coordinated with universities, research centers, research infrastructures and private companies to implement advanced multi-platform and integrated observing and forecasting systems that facilitate the advancement of operational services, scientific achievements and mission-oriented innovation. Thus, the community can respond to societal challenges and stakeholders needs, developing a variety of fit-for-purpose services such as the Copernicus Marine Service. The combination of state-of-the-art observations and forecasting provides new opportunities for downstream services in response to the needs of the heavily populated Mediterranean coastal areas and to climate change. The challenge over the next decade is to sustain ocean observations within the research community, to monitor the variability at small scales, e.g., the mesoscale/submesoscale, to resolve the sub-basin/seasonal and inter-annual variability in the circulation, and thus establish the decadal variability, understand and correct the model-associated biases and to enhance model-data integration and ensemble forecasting for uncertainty estimation. Better knowledge and understanding of the level of Mediterranean variability will enable a subsequent evaluation of the impacts and mitigation of the effect of human activities and climate change on the biodiversity and the ecosystem, which will support environmental assessments and decisions. Further challenges include extending the science-based added-value products into societal relevant downstream services and engaging with communities to build initiatives that will contribute to the 2030 Agenda and more specifically to SDG14 and the UN's Decade of Ocean Science for sustainable development, by this contributing to bridge the science-policy gap. The Mediterranean observing and forecasting capacity was built on the basis of community best practices in monitoring and modeling, and can serve as a basis for the development of an integrated global ocean observing system.

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Tintoré Joaquín, Pinardi Nadia, Álvarez-Fanjul Enrique, Aguiar Eva, Álvarez-Berastegui Diego, Bajo Marco, Balbin Rosa, Bozzano Roberto, Nardelli Bruno Buongiorno, Cardin Vanessa, Casas Benjamin, Charcos-Llorens Miguel, Chiggiato Jacopo, Clementi Emanuela, Coppini Giovanni, Coppola Laurent, Cossarini Gianpiero, Deidun Alan, Deudero Salud, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Drago Aldo, Drudi Massimiliano, El Serafy Ghada, Escudier Romain, Farcy Patrick, Federico Ivan, Fernández Juan Gabriel, Ferrarin Christian, Fossi Cristina, Frangoulis Constantin, Galgani Francois, Gana Slim, García Lafuente Jesús, Sotillo Marcos García, Garreau Pierre, Gertman Isaac, Gómez-Pujol Lluis, Grandi Alessandro, Hayes Daniel, Hernández-Lasheras Jaime, Herut Barak, Heslop Emma, Hilmi Karim, Juza Melanie, Kallos George, Korres Gerasimos, Lecci Rita, Lazzari Paolo, Lorente Pablo, Liubartseva Svitlana, Louanchi Ferial, Malacic Vlado, Mannarini Gianandrea, March David, Marullo Salvatore, Mauri Elena, Meszaros Lorinc, Mourre Baptiste, Mortier Laurent, Muñoz-Mas Cristian, Novellino Antonio, Obaton Dominique, Orfila Amine, Pascual Ananda, Pensieri Sara, Pérez Gómez Begoña, Pérez Rubio Susana, Perivoliotis Leonidas, Petihakis George, De La Villéon Loic Petit, Pistoia Jenny, Poulain Pierre-Marie, Pouliquen Sylvie, Prieto Laura, Raimbault Patrick, Reglero Patricia, Reyes Emma, Rotllan Paz, Ruiz Simón, Ruiz Javier, Ruiz Inmaculada, Ruiz-Orejón Luis Francisco, Salihoglu Baris, Salon Stefano, Sammartino Simone, Sánchez Arcilla Agustín, Sánchez-Román Antonio, Sannino Gianmaria, Santoleri Rosalia, Sardá Rafael, Schroeder Katrin, Simoncelli Simona, Sofianos Sarantis, Sylaios Georgios, Tanhua Toste, Teruzzi Anna, Testor Pierre, Tezcan Devrim, Torner Marc, Trotta Francesco, Umgiesser Georg, Von Schuckmann Karina, Verri Giorgia, Vilibic Ivica, Yucel Mustafa, Zavatarelli Marco, Zodiatis George (2019). Challenges for Sustained Observing and Forecasting Systems in the Mediterranean Sea. Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(568), 30p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00568 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00513/62494/