Trait‐based approach to monitoring marine benthic data along 500 km of coastline
|Author(s)||Boyé Aurelien1, 2, Thiébaut Éric3, Grall Jacques1, 4, Legendre Pierre2, Broudin Caroline5, Houbin Céline5, Le Garrec Vincent4, Maguer Marion4, Droual Gabin4, Gauthier Olivier1, 4|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : CNRS IRD Ifremer LEMAR Univ Brest Plouzane, France
2 : Département de Sciences Biologiques Université de Montréal Montréal QC, Canada
3 : Laboratoire Adaptation et Diversité en Milieu Marin UMR 7144 CNRS Station Biologique de Roscoff Sorbonne Université Roscoff Cedex, France
4 : CNRS UMS 3113 Observatoire Marin Suivis Habitats Benthiques OSU‐IUEM Université de Brest Plouzané ,France
5 : CNRS Station Biologique de Roscoff FR 2424 Sorbonne Université Roscoff ,France
|Source||Diversity And Distributions (1366-9516) (Wiley), 2019-12 , Vol. 25 , N. 12 , P. 1879-1896|
|WOS© Times Cited||18|
|Keyword(s)||beta diversity, biotic homogenization, broad-scale monitoring, community assembly, coralline algae, ecosystem engineers, functional diversity, Zostera marina|
β diversity and its linkages with ecosystem functioning remain poorly documented. This impedes our capacity to predict biodiversity changes and how they affect ecosystem functioning at scales relevant for conservation. Here, we address the functional implications of ongoing seafloor changes by characterizing at regional scale the taxonomic and functional α and β diversities of benthic habitats currently threatened by biotic homogenization.
Combining a trait‐based approach to benthic community monitoring data covering a 7‐year period and 500 km of coast, we explored the mechanisms governing community assembly in habitats associated with two types of foundation species, intertidal seagrass and subtidal maerl beds, compared to bare sediment at similar tidal level. We assessed their spatial and temporal variability and linked these mechanisms to their repercussions at regional scale through analyses of taxonomic and functional β diversity.
Foundation species locally promote taxonomic and functional diversity. Maerl fine‐scale heterogeneity promotes niche diversity and leads to high functional redundancy for the whole subtidal compartment, providing insurance for seafloor functioning. Seagrass high diversity seems more reliant on transient species and is associated with redundancy of only a few functions. Maintaining the seascapes in which seagrass are embedded seems essential to ensure their long‐term functioning. At regional scale, the locally poorer bare sediment harbour similar functional richness as biogenic habitats because of higher within‐habitat β diversity.
Our study reinforces the conservation value of biogenic habitats but highlights that different mechanisms underlie their local diversity, which has implications for the vulnerabilities of their associated communities. Accounting for β diversity at regional scale also stressed a potential underrated conservation value of bare sediment for benthic ecosystem functioning. Coupling trait‐based approaches to monitoring data can help link broad‐scale β diversity to its underlying drivers, bringing local mechanistic understanding closer to the scales at which biodiversity loss and management actions occur.