Pachyseris inattesa sp. n. (Cnidaria, Anthozoa, Scleractinia): a new reef coral species from the Red Sea and its phylogenetic relationships
|Author(s)||Terraneo Tullia I.1, 2, Berumen Michael L.2, Arrigoni Roberto1, Waheed Zarinah3, 4, Bouwmeester Jessica2, Caragnano Annalisa1, Stefani Fabrizio5, Benzoni Francesca1, 6|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Milano Bicocca, Dept Biotechnol & Biosci, I-20126 Milan, Italy.
2 : KAUST, Red Sea Res Ctr, Thuwal, Saudi Arabia.
3 : Naturalis Biodivers Ctr, Dept Marine Zool, NL-2300 RA Leiden, Netherlands.
4 : Univ Malaysia Sabah, Borneo Marine Res Inst, Kota Kinabalu 88400, Sabah, Malaysia.
5 : CNR, IRSA, Water Res Inst, Natl Res Council, I-20861 Brugherio, Italy.
6 : Inst Rech Dev, UMR227, Noumea 98848, New Caledonia.
|Source||Zookeys (1313-2989) (Pensoft Publ), 2014 , N. 433 , P. 1-30|
|WOS© Times Cited||27|
|Keyword(s)||Pachyseris rugosa, Pachyseris speciosa, Leptoseris foliosa, micro-morphology, COI-16S-rRNA intergenic spacer, taxonomy|
A new scleractinian coral species, Pachyseris inattesa sp. n., is described from the Red Sea. Despite a superficial resemblance with some species in the agariciid genus Leptoseris with which it has been previously confused, P. inattesa sp. n. has micro-morphological characters typical of the genus Pachyseris. This genus, once part of the Agariciidae, is comprised of five extant species and is widely distributed throughout the tropical Indo-Pacific. It is currently incertae sedis as a result of recent molecular analysis and appears to be closely related to the Euphylliidae. A molecular phylogenetic reconstruction including P. inattesa sp. n., the genus type species P. rugosa, and P. speciosa, all present in the Red Sea, was performed using the mitochondrial intergenic spacer between COI and 16S-rRNA. The results confirm that P. inattesa sp. n. is a monophyletic lineage closely related to the other Pachyseris species examined.