The planktonic stages of the salmon louse ( Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are tolerant of end-of-century p CO2 concentrations

Type Article
Date 2019-10
Language English
Author(s) Thompson Cameron R.S.1, Fields David M.2, Bjelland Reidun M.3, Chan Vera Bin San4, Durif Caroline M.F.3, Mount Andrew5, Runge Jeffrey A.6, 7, Shema Steven D.3, Skiftesvik Anne Berit3, Browman Howard I.3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Institute of Marine Research, Bergen, Norway
2 : Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME, United States of America
3 : Austevoll Research Station, Institute of Marine Research, Storebø, Norway
4 : LEMAR, Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer, UMR 6539 (UBO/CNRS/IRD/Ifremer), Plouzané, France
5 : Department of Biological Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC, United States of America
6 : School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, ME, United States of America
7 : Gulf of Maine Research Institute, Portland, ME, United States of America
Source Peerj (2167-8359) (PeerJ), 2019-10 , Vol. 7 , P. e7810 (23p.)
DOI 10.7717/peerj.7810
WOS© Times Cited 6
Keyword(s) Salmon lice, Copepod, Ocean acidification, Parasite, Energetics, Metabolism, Growth, Lipid, Lepeophtheirus salmonis, Aquaculture
Abstract

The copepod Lepeophtheirus salmonis is an obligate ectoparasite of salmonids. Salmon lice are major pests in salmon aquaculture and due to its economic impact Lepeoph- theirus salmonis is one of the most well studied species of marine parasite. However, there is limited understanding of how increased concentration of pCO2 associated with ocean acidification will impact host-parasite relationships. We investigated the effects of increased pCO2 on growth and metabolic rates in the planktonic stages, rearing L. salmonis from eggs to 12 days post hatch copepodids under three treatment levels: Control (416 matm), Mid (747 matm), and High (942 matm). The pCO2 treatment had a significant effect on oxygen consumption rate with the High treatment animals exhibiting the greatest respiration. The treatments did not have a significant effect on the other biological endpoints measured (carbon, nitrogen, lipid volume, and fatty acid content). The results indicate that L. salmonis have mechanisms to compensate for increased concentration of pCO2 and that populations will be tolerant of projected future ocean acidification scenarios. The work reported here also describes catabolism during the lecithotrophic development of L. salmonis, information that is not currently available to parameterize models of dispersal and viability of the planktonic free-living stages.

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Thompson Cameron R.S., Fields David M., Bjelland Reidun M., Chan Vera Bin San, Durif Caroline M.F., Mount Andrew, Runge Jeffrey A., Shema Steven D., Skiftesvik Anne Berit, Browman Howard I. (2019). The planktonic stages of the salmon louse ( Lepeophtheirus salmonis) are tolerant of end-of-century p CO2 concentrations. Peerj, 7, e7810 (23p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.7810 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00588/69998/