Organic Carbon Origin, Benthic Faunal Consumption, and Burial in Sediments of Northern Atlantic and Arctic Fjords (60–81°N)
|Author(s)||Włodarska‐kowalczuk Maria1, Mazurkiewicz Mikołaj1, Górska Barbara1, Michel Loic2, Jankowska Emilia1, Zaborska Agata1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Science Sopot , Poland
2 : Laboratory of Oceanology, Freshwater and Oceanic Sciences Unit of reSearch (FOCUS), University of Liège Liège , Belgium,
|Source||Journal Of Geophysical Research-biogeosciences (2169-8953) (American Geophysical Union (AGU)), 2019-12 , Vol. 124 , N. 12 , P. 3737-3751|
|WOS© Times Cited||22|
|Keyword(s)||s, organic matter preservation, organic carbon sequestration, benthic carbon mineralization, sedimentary processes, early diagenesis, marine geochemistry|
Fjords have been recently recognized as hotspots of organic carbon (Corg) sequestration in marine sediments. This study aims to identify regional and local drivers of variability of Corg burial in north Atlantic and Arctic fjords. We provide a comparative quantification of Corg, δ13C, photosynthetic pigments content, benthic biomass, consumption, Corg accumulation and burial rates in sediments in six fjords (60 to 810N). Higher sediment Corg content in southern Norway reflected longer phytoplankton growth season and higher productivity. Higher contributions of terrestrial Corg were noted in temperate/southern Norway (dense land vegetation and high precipitation) and Arctic/Svalbard (glacial erosion) than in subarctic/northern Norway locations. Benthic biomass and carbon consumption were best correlated to δ13C and photosynthetic pigments content indicating control by quality rather than quantity of available food. Benthic faunal consumption did not seem to affect the variability in Corg burial. Regional environmental factors (water temperature, latitude) combined with local factors (Corg, grain size, pigment concentration) explained 94 % of Corg burial variability. Based on the present study and literature data on Corg content, origin and burial rates, the fjords were classified into four categories: temperate, subarctic, Arctic with and without glaciers. The variability in marine productivity, terrestrial inflows and carbon sequestration in fjords must be considered for global estimates of their role in blue carbon storage and for building scenarios of future changes in the course of climate warming.