Electronic monitoring in fisheries: Lessons from global experiences and future opportunities

Type Article
Date 2020-01
Language English
Author(s) Helmond Aloysius T.M.1, Mortensen Lars O.2, Plet‐hansen Kristian S.2, Ulrich ClaraORCID2, Needle Coby L.3, Oesterwind Daniel4, Kindt‐larsen Lotte2, Catchpole Thomas5, Mangi Stephen5, Zimmermann Christopher4, Olesen Hans Jakob2, Bailey Nick3, Bergsson Heidrikur6, Dalskov Jørgen2, Elson Jon5, Hosken Malo7, Peterson Lisa8, McElderry Howard9, Ruiz Jon10, Pierre Johanna P11, Dykstra Claude12, Jaap Poos Jan1, 13
Affiliation(s) 1 : Wageningen Marine Research Wageningen University & Research IJmuiden, The Netherlands
2 : National Institute of Aquatic Resources Technical University of Denmark Kgs. Lyngby ,Denmark
3 : Marine Laboratory Marine Scotland Aberdeen, UK
4 : Thünen Institute of Baltic Sea Fisheries Rostock ,Germany
5 : Centre for Environment, Fisheries and Aquaculture Science Lowestoft ,UK
6 : Department of Biology Copenhagen University Helsingør ,Denmark
7 : The Pacific Community Oceanic Fisheries Program Noumea, New Caledonia
8 : NOAA NMFS Office of Science and Technology Silver Spring MA, USA
9 : Archipelago Marine Research Victoria BC ,Canada
10 : AZTI Tecnalia Sukarrieta Bizkaia, Spain
11 : JPEC Environmental Consulting Lower Hutt, New Zealand
12 : International Pacific Halibut Commission Seattle WA, USA
13 : Aquaculture and Fisheries Group Wageningen University Wageningen, The Netherlands
Source Fish And Fisheries (1467-2960) (Wiley), 2020-01 , Vol. 21 , N. 1 , P. 162-189
DOI 10.1111/faf.12425
WOS© Times Cited 19
Keyword(s) catch documentation, discard monitoring, electronic monitoring, fully documented fisheries, video-based monitoring
Abstract

Since the beginning of the 21st century, electronic monitoring (EM) has emerged as a cost‐efficient supplement to existing catch monitoring programmes in fisheries. An EM system consists of various activity sensors and cameras positioned on vessels to remotely record fishing activity and catches. The first objective of this review was to describe the state of play of EM in fisheries worldwide and to present the insights gained on this technology based on 100 EM trials and 12 fully implemented programmes. Despite its advantages, and its global use for monitoring, progresses in implementation in some important fishing regions are slow. Within this context, the second objective was to discuss more specifically the European experiences gained through 16 trials. Findings show that the three major benefits of EM were as follows: (a) cost‐efficiency, (b) the potential to provide more representative coverage of the fleet than any observer programme and (c) the enhanced registration of fishing activity and location. Electronic monitoring can incentivize better compliance and discard reduction, but the fishing managers and industry are often reluctant to its uptake. Improved understanding of the fisher's concerns, for example intrusion of privacy, liability and costs, and better exploration of EM benefits, for example increased traceability, sustainability claims and market access, may enhance implementation on a larger scale. In conclusion, EM as a monitoring tool embodies various solid strengths that are not diminished by its weaknesses. Electronic monitoring has the opportunity to be a powerful tool in the future monitoring of fisheries, particularly when integrated within existing monitoring programmes.

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Helmond Aloysius T.M., Mortensen Lars O., Plet‐hansen Kristian S., Ulrich Clara, Needle Coby L., Oesterwind Daniel, Kindt‐larsen Lotte, Catchpole Thomas, Mangi Stephen, Zimmermann Christopher, Olesen Hans Jakob, Bailey Nick, Bergsson Heidrikur, Dalskov Jørgen, Elson Jon, Hosken Malo, Peterson Lisa, McElderry Howard, Ruiz Jon, Pierre Johanna P, Dykstra Claude, Jaap Poos Jan (2020). Electronic monitoring in fisheries: Lessons from global experiences and future opportunities. Fish And Fisheries, 21(1), 162-189. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1111/faf.12425 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00591/70331/