The Tara Pacific expedition-A pan-ecosystemic approach of the "-omics" complexity of coral reef holobionts across the Pacific Ocean

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Planes Serge1, 2, Allemand Denis3, Agostini SylvainORCID4, Banaigs Bernard1, Boissin EmilieORCID1, Boss EmmanuelORCID5, Bourdin GuillaumeORCID5, 6, Bowler Chris2, 7, Douville Eric8, Flores J. Michel9, Forcioli Didier10, 11, Furla Paola10, 11, Galand Pierre E.ORCID2, 12, Ghiglione Jean-Francois2, 13, Gilson Eric10, 11, Lombard Fabien6, Moulin Clementine3, Pesant Stephane15, 16, Poulain Julie17, Reynaud Stephanie3, Romac Sarah2, 18, Sullivan Matthew B.19, 20, Sunagawa ShinichiORCID21, 22, Thomas Olivier P.23, 24, Trouble Romain2, 14, de Vargas Colomban2, 18, Thurber Rebecca Vega25, Voolstra Christian R.26, Wincker Patrick2, 17, Zoccola Didier3, Planes S.1, 47, Allemand D.3, 47, Agostini S.35, Armstrong E.17, Audrain S.34, Aury J-M17, Banaig B.1, Barbe V17, Belser C.17, Beraud E.3, Boissin E.1, Bonnival E.18, Boss E.5, Bourdin G.5, Bourgois E.34, Bowler C.7, Carradec Q.17, Cassar N.41, 42, Cohen N. R.44, Conan P.32, Cronin D. R.19, 20, 37, Da Silva O.6, de Vargas C.18, Djerbi N.27, Dolan J. R.6, Herta Dominguez G.19, 20, 37, Douville Eric8, Du j 19, 20, 37, Filee J.46, Flores J. M.9, Forcioli D.27, Friedrich R.40, Furla P.27, Galand P. E.33, Ghiglione J-F10, 11, Gilson E.27, Gorsky G.6, Guinther M.35, Haentjens N.5, Henry N.18, Hertau M.34, Hochart C.33, Hume B. C. C.26, Iwankow G.1, John S. G.43, Karp-Boss L.5, Kelly R. L.43, Kitano Y.36, Klinges G.25, Koren I9, Labadie K.17, Lancelot J.34, Lang-Yona N.31, Le-Hoang J.17, Lemee R.6, Lin Y.41, Lombard F.6, Marie D.18, McMind R.27, Miguel-Gordo M.38, 39, Trainic M.9, Monmarche D.34, Moulin C.34, Mucherie Y.34, Noel B.17, Ottaviani A.27, Paoli L.22, 30, Pedrotti M-L6, Pesant S.15, 16, Pogoreutz C.26, Poulain J.17, Pujo-Pay M.32, Reverdin G.45, Reynaud S.3, Romac S.18, Rothig T.28, Rottinger E.27, Rouan A.27, Ruscheweyh H-J22, 30, Salazar G.22, 30, Sullivan M. B., Sunagawa S.22, 30, Thomas O. P.38, 39, Trouble R.34, Vardi A.31, Vega-Thunder R.25, Voolstra C. R.26, Wincker P.17, Zahed A.19, 20, 37, Zamoum T.27, Ziegler M.29, Zoccola D.3
Affiliation(s) 1 : PSL Res Univ, Univ Perpignan, Lab Excellence CORAIL, EPHE UPVD CNRS,USR 3278 CRIOBE, Perpignan, France.
2 : Tara Oceans GOSEE, FR2022, Res Federat Study Global Ocean Syst Ecol & Evolut, Paris, France.
3 : Ctr Sci Monaco, Monte Carlo, Monaco.
4 : Shimoda Marine Res Ctr, Shimoda, Japan.
5 : Univ Maine, Sch Marine Sci, Orono, ME USA.
6 : Sorbonne Univ, Inst Mer Villefranche Mer, Lab Oceanog Villefranche, Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
7 : Univ PSL, Inst Biol, INSERM, CNRS,Ecole Normale Super, Paris, France.
8 : Univ Paris Saclay, Lab Sci Climat & Environm, LSCE IPSL, CEA CNRS UVSQ, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
9 : Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Rehovot, Israel.
10 : Univ Cote Azur, Med Sch, IRCAN, CNRS,INSERM, Nice, France.
11 : CHU Nice, Dept Med Genet, Nice, France.
12 : Sorbonne Univ, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Lab Ecogeochim Environm Benth LECOB, CNRS, Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
13 : Sorbonne Univ, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Lab Oceanog Microbienne LOMIC, UMR 7621, Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
14 : Fdn Tara Expedit, Base Tara 11, Paris, France.
15 : PANGEA, Data Publisher Earth & Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
16 : Univ Bremen, MARUM Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
17 : Univ Evry, Univ Paris Saclay, Inst Francois Jacob, Genom Metab,Genoscope,CNRS,CEA, Evry, France.
18 : Sorbonne Univ, ECOMAP, AD2M, Stn Biol Roscoff,UMR 7144, Roscoff, France.
19 : Ohio State Univ, Dept Microbiol, 484 W 12th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.
20 : Ohio State Univ, Dept Civil Environm & Geodet Engn, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.
21 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Dept Biol, Zurich, Switzerland.
22 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Zurich, Switzerland.
23 : Natl Univ Ireland, Galway NUI Galway, Sch Chem, Marine Biodiscovery Lab, Galway, Ireland.
24 : Natl Univ Ireland, Galway NUI Galway, Ryan Inst, Galway, Ireland.
25 : Oregon State Univ, Dept Microbiol, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA.
26 : Univ Konstanz, Dept Biol, Constance, Germany.
27 : Univ Cote Azur, CNRS, INSERM, IRCAN, Nice, France.
28 : Univ Derby, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, Aquat Res Facil, Derby, England.
29 : Justus Liebig Univ, Dept Anim Ecol & Systemat, Giessen, Germany.
30 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Dept Biol, Inst Microbiol, Zurich, Switzerland.
31 : Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, Rehovot, Israel.
32 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LOMIC, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Paris, France.
33 : Sorbonne Univ, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, LECOB, CNRS, Paris, France.
34 : Tara Ocean Fdn, Paris, France.
35 : Univ Tsukuba, Shimoda Marine Res Ctr, Shizuoka, Japan.
36 : Natl Inst Environm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
37 : Ohio State Univ, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.
38 : Natl Univ Ireland, Sch Chem, Marine Biodiscovery Lab, Galway, Ireland.
39 : Natl Univ Ireland, Ryan Inst, Galway, Ireland.
40 : World Courier, Russelsheim, Germany.
41 : Duke Univ, Div Earth & Ocean Sci, Durham, NC USA.
42 : IUEM, Lab Sci Environm Marin LEMAR, UMR 6539 UBO, CNRS IRD IFREMER, Brest, France.
43 : Univ Southern Calif, Dept Earth Sci, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA.
44 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Dept Marine Chem & Geochem, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
45 : Sorbonne Univ Paris, CNRS IRD MNHN LOCEAN, Inst Pierre Simon Laplace, Paris 05, France.
46 : Univ Paris Saclay, CNRS, Lab Evolut Comportement & Ecol, Ave Terrasse, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
47 : Tara Pacific, Paris, France.
Source Plos Biology (1544-9173) (Public Library Science), 2019-09 , Vol. 17 , N. 9 , P. e3000483 (14p.)
DOI 10.1371/journal.pbio.3000483
WOS© Times Cited 31

Coral reefs are the most diverse habitats in the marine realm. Their productivity, structural complexity, and biodiversity critically depend on ecosystem services provided by corals that are threatened because of climate change effects-in particular, ocean warming and acidification. The coral holobiont is composed of the coral animal host, endosymbiotic dinoflagellates, associated viruses, bacteria, and other microeukaryotes. In particular, the mandatory photosymbiosis with microalgae of the family Symbiodiniaceae and its consequences on the evolution, physiology, and stress resilience of the coral holobiont have yet to be fully elucidated. The functioning of the holobiont as a whole is largely unknown, although bacteria and viruses are presumed to play roles in metabolic interactions, immunity, and stress tolerance. In the context of climate change and anthropogenic threats on coral reef ecosystems, the Tara Pacific project aims to provide a baseline of the "-omics" complexity of the coral holobiont and its ecosystem across the Pacific Ocean and for various oceanographically distinct defined areas. Inspired by the previous Tara Oceans expeditions, the Tara Pacific expedition (2016-2018) has applied a pan-ecosystemic approach on coral reefs throughout the Pacific Ocean, drawing an east-west transect from Panama to Papua New Guinea and a south-north transect from Australia to Japan, sampling corals throughout 32 island systems with local replicates. Tara Pacific has developed and applied state-of-the-art technologies in very-high-throughput genetic sequencing and molecular analysis to reveal the entire microbial and chemical diversity as well as functional traits associated with coral holobionts, together with various measures on environmental forcing. This ambitious project aims at revealing a massive amount of novel biodiversity, shedding light on the complex links between genomes, transcriptomes, metabolomes, organisms, and ecosystem functions in coral reefs and providing a reference of the biological state of modern coral reefs in the Anthropocene.

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Planes Serge, Allemand Denis, Agostini Sylvain, Banaigs Bernard, Boissin Emilie, Boss Emmanuel, Bourdin Guillaume, Bowler Chris, Douville Eric, Flores J. Michel, Forcioli Didier, Furla Paola, Galand Pierre E., Ghiglione Jean-Francois, Gilson Eric, Lombard Fabien, Moulin Clementine, Pesant Stephane, Poulain Julie, Reynaud Stephanie, Romac Sarah, Sullivan Matthew B., Sunagawa Shinichi, Thomas Olivier P., Trouble Romain, de Vargas Colomban, Thurber Rebecca Vega, Voolstra Christian R., Wincker Patrick, Zoccola Didier, Planes S., Allemand D., Agostini S., Armstrong E., Audrain S., Aury J-M, Banaig B., Barbe V, Belser C., Beraud E., Boissin E., Bonnival E., Boss E., Bourdin G., Bourgois E., Bowler C., Carradec Q., Cassar N., Cohen N. R., Conan P., Cronin D. R., Da Silva O., de Vargas C., Djerbi N., Dolan J. R., Herta Dominguez G., Douville Eric, Du j, Filee J., Flores J. M., Forcioli D., Friedrich R., Furla P., Galand P. E., Ghiglione J-F, Gilson E., Gorsky G., Guinther M., Haentjens N., Henry N., Hertau M., Hochart C., Hume B. C. C., Iwankow G., John S. G., Karp-Boss L., Kelly R. L., Kitano Y., Klinges G., Koren I, Labadie K., Lancelot J., Lang-Yona N., Le-Hoang J., Lemee R., Lin Y., Lombard F., Marie D., McMind R., Miguel-Gordo M., Trainic M., Monmarche D., Moulin C., Mucherie Y., Noel B., Ottaviani A., Paoli L., Pedrotti M-L, Pesant S., Pogoreutz C., Poulain J., Pujo-Pay M., Reverdin G., Reynaud S., Romac S., Rothig T., Rottinger E., Rouan A., Ruscheweyh H-J, Salazar G., Sullivan M. B., Sunagawa S., Thomas O. P., Trouble R., Vardi A., Vega-Thunder R., Voolstra C. R., Wincker P., Zahed A., Zamoum T., Ziegler M., Zoccola D. (2019). The Tara Pacific expedition-A pan-ecosystemic approach of the "-omics" complexity of coral reef holobionts across the Pacific Ocean. Plos Biology, 17(9), e3000483 (14p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :