Expanding Tara Oceans Protocols for Underway, Ecosystemic Sampling of the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface During Tara Pacific Expedition (2016-2018)

Type Article
Date 2019-12
Language English
Author(s) Gorsky Gabriel1, 2, Bourdin Guillaume3, Lombard Fabien1, 2, Pedrotti Maria Luiza1, Audrain Samuel4, Bin Nicolas4, Boss Emmanuel3, Bowler Chris2, 5, Cassar Nicolas6, 7, Caudan Loic4, Chabot Genevieve8, Cohen Natalie R.9, Cron Daniel4, de Vargas Colomban2, 10, Dolan John R.1, Douville Eric11, Elineau Amanda1, Flores J. Michel12, Ghiglione Jean Francois2, 13, Haentjens Nils3, Hertau Martin4, John Seth G.14, Kelly Rachel L.14, Koren Ilan12, Lin Yajuan6, 7, Marie Dominique10, Moulin Clementine4, Moucherie Yohann4, Pesant Stephane15, 16, Picheral Marc1, Poulain Julie17, Pujo-Pay Mireille15, Reverdin Gilles18, Romac Sarah2, 10, Sullivan Mathew B.19, 20, Trainic Miri12, Tressol Marc8, Trouble Romain2, 4, Vardi Assaf21, Voolstra Christian R.22, Wincker Patrick17, Agostini Sylvain23, Banaigs Bernard24, Boissin Emilie24, Forcioli Didier25, 26, Furla Paola25, 26, Galand Pierre E.2, 27, Gilson Eric25, 26, Reynaud Stephanie28, Sunagawa Shinichi29, 30, Thomas Olivier P.31, 32, Thurber Rebecca Lisette Vega33, Zoccola Didier28, Planes Serge2, 24, Allemand Denis28, Karsenti Eric34, Planes S.35, Banaig B.35, Boissin E.35, Iwankow G.35, Allemand D.28, Zoccola D.28, Reynaud S.28, Beraud E.28, Djerbi N.36, Forcioli D.36, Furla P.36, Gilson E.36, McMind R.36, Ottaviani A.36, Rottinger E.36, Rouan A.36, Zamoum T.36, Flume B. C. C.22, Pogoreutz C.22, Voolstra C. R.22, Rothig T.37, Ziegler M.38, Paoli L.29, 30, Ruscheweyh H-J29, 30, Salazar G.29, 30, Sunagawa S.29, 30, Flores J. M.12, Koren I12, Trainic M.12, Lang-Yona N.21, Vardi A.21, Conan P.39, Ghiglione J-F39, Pujo-Pay M.39, Galand P. E.40, Hochart C.40, Audrain S.4, Bourgois E.4, Hertau M.4, Lancelot J.4, Monmarche D.4, Moulin C.4, Moucherie Y.4, Trouble R.4, Boss E.3, Bourdin G.3, Haentjens N.3, Karp-Boss L.3, Douville Eric41, Agostini S.42, Mitsuhashi G.42, Kitano Y.43, Da Silva O.1, Dolan J. R.1, Gorsky G.1, Lemee R.1, Lombard F.1, Pedrotti M-L1, Cronin D.19, 20, Sullivan M.19, 20, Armstrong E.17, Aury J-M17, Barbe V17, Belser C.17, Carradec Q.17, Labadie K.17, Le-Hoang J.17, Noel B.17, Poulain J.17, Wincker P.17, Klinges G.33, Vega-Thunder R.33, Bonnival E.10, de Vargas C.10, Henry N.10, Marie D.10, Romac S.10, Pesant S.15, 44, Miguel-Gorda M.45, 46, Thomas O. P.45, 46, Bowler C.47, Friedrich R.48, Cassar N.49, 50, Lin Y.49, John S. G.14, Kelly R. L.14, Cohen N. R.51, Reverdin G.52, Filee J.53
Affiliation(s) 1 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Oceanog Villefranche, UMR 7093, Villefranche Sur Mer, France.
2 : Res Federat Study Global Ocean Syst Ecol & Evolut, FR2022, Tara Oceans GOSEE, Paris, France.
3 : Univ Maine, Sch Marine Sci, Orono, ME 04469 USA.
4 : Tara Ocean Fdn, Paris, France.
5 : Univ PSL, INSERM, CNRS, Inst Biol,Ecole Normale Super, Paris, France.
6 : Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Durham, NC 27708 USA.
7 : Inst Univ Europeen Mer, UMR 6539, Lab Sci Environm Marin, UBO,CNRS,IRD,IFREMER, Brest, France.
8 : Mercator Ocean, Ramonville St Agne, France.
9 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Dept Marine Chem & Geochem, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
10 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Stn Biol Roscoff, UMR 7144,AD2M, Roscoff, France.
11 : Univ Paris Saclay, CEA CNRS UVSQ, LSCE IPSL, Lab Sci Climat & Environm, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
12 : Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Rehovot, Israel.
13 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Ocienog Microbienne, UMR 7621,LOMIC, Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
14 : Univ Southern Calif, Dept Earth Sci, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA.
15 : Univ Bremen, MARUM Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
16 : PANGAEA, Data Publisher Earth & Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
17 : Univ Paris Saclay, Univ Evry, CNRS, Genom Metabol,Genoscope,Inst Francois Jacob,CEA, Evry, France.
18 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS IRD MNHN, LOCEAN IPSL UMR 7159, Paris, France.
19 : Ohio State Univ, Dept Microbiol, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.
20 : Ohio State Univ, Dept Civil Environm & Geodet Engn, Columbus, OH 43210 USA.
21 : Weizmann Inst Sci, Dept Plant & Environm Sci, Rehovot, Israel.
22 : Univ Konstanz, Dept Biol, Constance, Germany.
23 : Univ Tsukuba, Shimoda Marine Res Ctr, Shimoda, Japan.
24 : Univ Perpignan, Lab Excellence CORAIL, PSL Res Univ, EPHE UPVD CNRS,USR 3278 CRIOBE, Perpignan, France.
25 : Univ Cote dAzur, Med Sch, IRCAN, CNRS,INSERM, Nice, France.
26 : CHU Nice, Dept Med Genet, Nice, France.
27 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, Lab Ecogesochim Environm Benth, UMR 8222,LECOB, Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
28 : Ctr Sci Monaco, Monaco, Monaco.
29 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Microbiol, Dept Biol, Zurich, Switzerland.
30 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Swiss Inst Bioinformat, Zurich, Switzerland.
31 : Natl Univ Ireland, Sch Chem, Marine Biodiscovery Lab, Galway, Ireland.
32 : Natl Univ Ireland, Ryan Inst, Galway, Ireland.
33 : Oregon State Univ, Dept Microbiol, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA.
34 : European Mol Biol Lab, Heidelberg, Germany.
35 : Univ Perpignan, EPHE UPVD CNRS, USR CRIOBE 3278, PSL Res Univ, Perpignan, France.
36 : Univ Cote dAzur, CNRS, Inserm IRCAN, Nice, France.
37 : Univ Derby, Environm Sustainabil Res Ctr, Aquat Res Facil, Derby, England.
38 : Justus Liebig Univ Giessen, Dept Anim Ecol & Systemat, Giessen, Germany.
39 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LOMIC, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Paris, France.
40 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LECOB, Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Paris, France.
41 : Univ Paris Saclay, CEA CNRS UVSQ, LSCE IPSL, Lab Sci Climat & Environm, Paris, France.
42 : Univ Tsukuba, Shimoda Marine Res Ctr, Shizuoka, Japan.
43 : Natl Inst Environm Sci, Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.
44 : Data Publisher Earth & Environm Sci, Bremen, Germany.
45 : Natl Univ Ireland, NUI Galway, Sch Chem, Marine Biodiscovery Lab, Univ Rd, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland.
46 : Natl Univ Ireland, NUI Galway, Ryan Inst, Univ Rd, Galway H91 TK33, Ireland.
47 : Univ PSI, INSERM, CNRS, IBENS,Ecole Normale Super, Paris, France.
48 : Amerisource Bergen Co, World Courier, Russelsheim, Germany.
49 : Duke Univ, Div Earth & Ocean Sci, Durham, NC 27706 USA.
50 : IUEM, UMR 6539 UBO CNRS IRD IFREMER, Lab Sci Environm Marin LEMAR, Brest, France.
51 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Marine Chem & Geochem Dept, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
52 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS IRD MNHN LOCEAN, Inst Pierre Simon Lapl, Paris 05, France.
53 : Univ Paris Saclay, CNRS, Lab Evolut Genomes Comportement & Ecol, Ave Terrasse, F-91190 Gif Sur Yvette, France.
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (Frontiers Media Sa), 2019-12 , Vol. 6 , N. 750 , P. 20p.
DOI 10.3389/fmars.2019.00750
WOS© Times Cited 11
Keyword(s) neuston/plankton genomics/taxonomy/imaging, aerosols, NCP, IOP, trace metals, microplastic
Abstract

Interactions between the ocean and the atmosphere occur at the air-sea interface through the transfer of momentum, heat, gases and particulate matter, and through the impact of the upper-ocean biology on the composition and radiative properties of this boundary layer. The Tara Pacific expedition, launched in May 2016 aboard the schooner Tara, was a 29-month exploration with the dual goals to study the ecology of reef ecosystems along ecological gradients in the Pacific Ocean and to assess inter-island and open ocean surface plankton and neuston community structures. In addition, key atmospheric properties were measured to study links between the two boundary layer properties. A major challenge for the open ocean sampling was the lack of ship-time available for work at "stations". The time constraint led us to develop new underway sampling approaches to optimize physical, chemical, optical, and genomic methods to capture the entire community structure of the surface layers, from viruses to metazoans in their oceanographic and atmospheric physicochemical context. An international scientific consortium was put together to analyze the samples, generate data, and develop datasets in coherence with the existing Tara Oceans database. Beyond adapting the extensive Tara Oceans sampling protocols for high-resolution underway sampling, the key novelties compared to Tara Oceans' global assessment of plankton include the measurement of (i) surface plankton and neuston biogeography and functional diversity; (ii) bioactive trace metals distribution at the ocean surface and metal-dependent ecosystem structures; (iii) marine aerosols, including biological entities; (iv) geography, nature and colonization of microplastic; and (v) high-resolution underway assessment of net community production via equilibrator inlet mass spectrometry. We are committed to share the data collected during this expedition, making it an important resource important resource to address a variety of scientific questions.

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Gorsky Gabriel, Bourdin Guillaume, Lombard Fabien, Pedrotti Maria Luiza, Audrain Samuel, Bin Nicolas, Boss Emmanuel, Bowler Chris, Cassar Nicolas, Caudan Loic, Chabot Genevieve, Cohen Natalie R., Cron Daniel, de Vargas Colomban, Dolan John R., Douville Eric, Elineau Amanda, Flores J. Michel, Ghiglione Jean Francois, Haentjens Nils, Hertau Martin, John Seth G., Kelly Rachel L., Koren Ilan, Lin Yajuan, Marie Dominique, Moulin Clementine, Moucherie Yohann, Pesant Stephane, Picheral Marc, Poulain Julie, Pujo-Pay Mireille, Reverdin Gilles, Romac Sarah, Sullivan Mathew B., Trainic Miri, Tressol Marc, Trouble Romain, Vardi Assaf, Voolstra Christian R., Wincker Patrick, Agostini Sylvain, Banaigs Bernard, Boissin Emilie, Forcioli Didier, Furla Paola, Galand Pierre E., Gilson Eric, Reynaud Stephanie, Sunagawa Shinichi, Thomas Olivier P., Thurber Rebecca Lisette Vega, Zoccola Didier, Planes Serge, Allemand Denis, Karsenti Eric, Planes S., Banaig B., Boissin E., Iwankow G., Allemand D., Zoccola D., Reynaud S., Beraud E., Djerbi N., Forcioli D., Furla P., Gilson E., McMind R., Ottaviani A., Rottinger E., Rouan A., Zamoum T., Flume B. C. C., Pogoreutz C., Voolstra C. R., Rothig T., Ziegler M., Paoli L., Ruscheweyh H-J, Salazar G., Sunagawa S., Flores J. M., Koren I, Trainic M., Lang-Yona N., Vardi A., Conan P., Ghiglione J-F, Pujo-Pay M., Galand P. E., Hochart C., Audrain S., Bourgois E., Hertau M., Lancelot J., Monmarche D., Moulin C., Moucherie Y., Trouble R., Boss E., Bourdin G., Haentjens N., Karp-Boss L., Douville Eric, Agostini S., Mitsuhashi G., Kitano Y., Da Silva O., Dolan J. R., Gorsky G., Lemee R., Lombard F., Pedrotti M-L, Cronin D., Sullivan M., Armstrong E., Aury J-M, Barbe V, Belser C., Carradec Q., Labadie K., Le-Hoang J., Noel B., Poulain J., Wincker P., Klinges G., Vega-Thunder R., Bonnival E., de Vargas C., Henry N., Marie D., Romac S., Pesant S., Miguel-Gorda M., Thomas O. P., Bowler C., Friedrich R., Cassar N., Lin Y., John S. G., Kelly R. L., Cohen N. R., Reverdin G., Filee J. (2019). Expanding Tara Oceans Protocols for Underway, Ecosystemic Sampling of the Ocean-Atmosphere Interface During Tara Pacific Expedition (2016-2018). Frontiers In Marine Science, 6(750), 20p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00750 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00599/71083/