Morphological predictors of slaughter yields using 3D digitizer and their use in a common carp breeding program

Type Article
Date 2020-04
Language English
Author(s) Prchal Martin1, Kocour Martin1, Vandeputte Marc2, Kause Antti4, Vergnet Alain3, Zhao Jinfeng1, Gela David1, Kašpar Vojtěch1, Genestout Lucie5, Bestin Anastasia6, Haffray Pierrick6, Bugeon Jérôme7
Affiliation(s) 1 : University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice, Faculty of Fisheries and Protection of Waters, South Bohemian Research Center of Aquaculture and Biodiversity of Hydrocenoses, Zátiší 728/II, 389 25 Vodňany, Czech Republic
2 : INRAE, GABI,, AgroParisTech, Université Paris-Saclay, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France
3 : Ifremer, Chemin de Maguelone, F-34250 Palavas-les-Flots, France
4 : Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Biometrical Genetics, Myllytie 1, FI-31600 Jokioinen, Finland
5 : LABOGENA-DNA, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France
6 : SYSAAF, LPGP/INRA, Campus de Beaulieu, F-35042 Rennes, France
7 : INRAE, LPGP, 35000 Rennes, France
Source Aquaculture (0044-8486) (Elsevier BV), 2020-04 , Vol. 520 , P. 734993 (9p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.734993
WOS© Times Cited 1
Keyword(s) Fillet yields, 3D predictors, Genetic parameters, Indirect selection, Breeding program
Abstract

Slaughter yields are traits of high interest especially for fish species sold in processed form like headless carcass or fillets, as well as with regard to increasing consumer preference for easy-to-prepare fish products. However, slaughter yields cannot be measured on live fish and thus their genetic improvement through mass selection is impossible. The usual alternatives are sib selection and/or indirect selection on correlated traits or morphological predictors of slaughter yields. In the present study, we assessed the possibility of using a combination of 3D digitized landmarks and ultrasound measurements in genetic improvement of slaughter yields in common carp. DNA – pedigreed market-size carp (n = 1553 fish) were produced from a partial factorial design of 20 dams and 40 sires. Morphological predictors were recorded in real-time using a 3D digitizer and ultrasound tomography, and combined by multiple linear regression to predict slaughter yields. The 3D model-predicted headless carcass and fillet yields explained 59% and 50%, respectively, of the total phenotypic variation in slaughter yields. Genetic parameters of model-predicted yields and of the best individual predictor (3D_P2 – ratio between abdominal fillet thickness – E8 and external 3D ventral height) were similar or slightly lower when compared to previous 2D-based predictors (Prchal et al., 2018a, 2018b, 2018c). This was also the case for the expected genetic gain using indirect selection on the same simple predictor for fillet yield improvement (0.48% fillet units for 3D vs. 0.52% for 2D). 3D model-predicted yields and especially simple predictors thus have a solid potential for genetic improvement of slaughter yields in common carp. While they are not better than 2D predictors, they are much more convenient and faster to collect in the field, as they do not imply post-processing of images. These practical aspects should be taken into account in the future carp breeding program.

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Prchal Martin, Kocour Martin, Vandeputte Marc, Kause Antti, Vergnet Alain, Zhao Jinfeng, Gela David, Kašpar Vojtěch, Genestout Lucie, Bestin Anastasia, Haffray Pierrick, Bugeon Jérôme (2020). Morphological predictors of slaughter yields using 3D digitizer and their use in a common carp breeding program. Aquaculture, 520, 734993 (9p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2020.734993 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00604/71625/