Extreme wave activity during 2013/2014 winter and morphological impacts along the Atlantic coast of Europe
|Author(s)||Masselink Gerd1, Castelle Bruno2, 3, Scott Tim1, Dodet Guillaume4, Suanez Serge4, Jackson Derek5, Floc'h France6|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Plymouth, Sch Marine Sci & Engn, Coastal Proc Res Grp, Plymouth PL4 8AA, Devon, England.
2 : CNRS, UMR EPOC, Pessac, France.
3 : Univ Bordeaux, UMR EPOC, Pessac, France.
4 : Inst Univ Europeen Mer UBO, CNRS, UMR 6554, LETG Brest Geomer, Plouzane, France.
5 : Univ Ulster, Sch Geog & Environm Sci, Ctr Coastal & Marine Res, Coleraine BT52 1SA, Londonderry, North Ireland.
6 : Inst Univ Europeen Mer UBO, CNRS, UMR 6538, Domaines Ocean, Plouzane, France.
|Source||Geophysical Research Letters (0094-8276) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2016-03 , Vol. 43 , N. 5 , P. 2135-2143|
|WOS© Times Cited||191|
|Note||This article also appears in: 2016 GRL Editor Highlights|
|Keyword(s)||waves, storms, beaches, Atlantic, Europe|
Studies of coastal vulnerability due to climate change tend to focus on the consequences of sea level rise, rather than the complex coastal responses resulting from changes to the extreme wave climate. Here we investigate the 2013/2014 winter wave conditions that severely impacted the Atlantic coast of Europe and demonstrate that this winter was the most energetic along most of the Atlantic coast of Europe since at least 1948. Along exposed open-coast sites, extensive beach and dune erosion occurred due to offshore sediment transport. More sheltered sites experienced less erosion and one of the sites even experienced accretion due to beach rotation induced by alongshore sediment transport. Storm wave conditions such as were encountered during the 2013/2014 winter have the potential to dramatically change the equilibrium state (beach gradient, coastal alignment, and nearshore bar position) of beaches along the Atlantic coast of Europe.