Assessment of Ba/Ca in Arctica islandica shells as a proxy for phytoplankton dynamics in the Northwestern Atlantic Ocean

Type Article
Date 2020-05
Language English
Author(s) Doré Justine1, Chaillou Gwénaelle2, Poitevin Pierre1, Lazure PascalORCID3, Poirier André4, Chauvaud Laurent6, Archambault Philippe5, Thébault Julien1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, Plouzané, France
2 : Canada Research Chair in Geochemistry of Coastal Hydrogeosystems, Québec-Océan, ISMER, UQAR, Rimouski, Canada
3 : Ifremer, Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, LEMAR, Plouzané, France
4 : GEOTOP and Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l'atmosphère, UQAM, Montréal, Canada
5 : Québec Océan, Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, QC, Canada
6 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, Plouzané, France
Source Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science (0272-7714) (Elsevier BV), 2020-05 , Vol. 237 , P. 106628 (13p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106628
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) A. islandica, Ba/Ca, Master chronology, Cross-dating, Chlorophyll a, Northwestern Atlantic
Abstract

Despite its major role as a global climate regulator, little is known about the recent evolution of the North Atlantic Ocean, especially prior to the fifties, principally because of the lack of long-term instrumental data. Moreover, the North Atlantic Ocean is undergoing rapid changes at the physical scale leading to modifications at the biological scale increasing interest to monitor the environment. The phytoplankton is the base of the ocean life and its perturbation can lead to further changes in the food chain. Recording its dynamics implies to observe both its spatial and temporal variations. This study brings forward the use of the Ba/Ca ratio from shells of the long-living bivalve Arctica islandica collected in the Northwestern Atlantic Ocean near Saint-Pierre and Miquelon (SPM) as a recorder of the past and present phytoplankton dynamics. A high inter and intra-reproducibility and synchrony between Ba/Cashell profiles were demonstrated allowing the reconstruction of a 124 years annually-resolved Ba/Cashell master chronology (from 1893 to 2016). This master chronology was positively correlated to the surface chlorophyll a measured by satellite sensor at regional (around SPM) and global scales (Northwestern Atlantic).

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Doré Justine, Chaillou Gwénaelle, Poitevin Pierre, Lazure Pascal, Poirier André, Chauvaud Laurent, Archambault Philippe, Thébault Julien (2020). Assessment of Ba/Ca in Arctica islandica shells as a proxy for phytoplankton dynamics in the Northwestern Atlantic Ocean. Estuarine Coastal And Shelf Science, 237, 106628 (13p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2020.106628 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00607/71881/