Fishing restrictions and remoteness deliver conservation outcomes for Indonesia's coral reef fisheries

Type Article
Date 2020-03
Language English
Author(s) Campbell Stuart J.1, 2, Darling Emily S.3, 4, Pardede Shinta1, Ahmadia Gabby5, Mangubhai Sangeeta3, 6, Amkieltiela 7, Estradivari 7, Maire Eva8, 9
Affiliation(s) 1 : Indonesia Program Wildlife Conservation Society Bogor West Java, Indonesia
2 : Rare Indonesia Bogor West Java, Indonesia
3 : Wildlife Conservation Society Global Marine Program Bronx New York, USA
4 : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology University of Toronto Toronto Ontario ,Canada
5 : World Wildlife Fund Washington DC, USA
6 : The Nature Conservancy Sorong West Papua, Indonesia
7 : WWF Indonesia Conservation Science Unit Jakarta West Java, Indonesia
8 : MARBEC Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer, IRD Montpellier, France
9 : Lancaster Environment Centre Lancaster University Lancaster, UK
Source Conservation Letters (1755-263X) (Wiley), 2020-03 , Vol. 13 , N. 2 , P. e12698 (9p.)
DOI 10.1111/conl.12698
WOS© Times Cited 38
Keyword(s) data-poor fisheries, food webs, gear restrictions, marine protected areas, small-scale fisheries, South East Asia

Coral reef fisheries depend on reef fish biomass to support ecosystem functioning and sustainable fisheries. Here, we evaluated coral reefs across 4,000 km of the Indonesian archipelago to reveal a large gradient of biomass, from <100 kg/ha to >17,000 kg/ha. Trophic pyramids characterized by planktivore dominance emerged at high biomass, suggesting the importance of pelagic pathways for reef productivity. Total biomass and the biomass of most trophic groups were higher within gear restricted and no‐take management, but the greatest biomass was found on unmanaged remote reefs. Within marine protected areas (MPAs), 41.6% and 43.6% of gear restricted and no‐take zones, respectively, met a global biomass target of 500 kg/ha, compared with 71.8% of remote sites. To improve conservation outcomes for Indonesia's biodiverse and economically important coral reef fisheries, our results suggest to: (1) strengthen management within Indonesia's existing MPAs and (2) precautionarily manage remote reefs with high biomass.

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Campbell Stuart J., Darling Emily S., Pardede Shinta, Ahmadia Gabby, Mangubhai Sangeeta, Amkieltiela, Estradivari, Maire Eva (2020). Fishing restrictions and remoteness deliver conservation outcomes for Indonesia's coral reef fisheries. Conservation Letters, 13(2), e12698 (9p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :