Global determinants of freshwater and marine fish genetic diversity

Type Article
Date 2020-02
Language English
Author(s) Manel Stéphanie1, Guerin Pierre-Edouard1, Mouillot David2, 3, Blanchet Simon4, Velez Laure2, Albouy CamilleORCID5, Pellissier Loïc6, 7
Affiliation(s) 1 : CEFE, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE-PSL University, IRD, Univ Paul Valéry Montpellier 3, Montpellier, France
2 : MARBEC, Univ Montpellier, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD, Montpellier, France
3 : Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, 4811, Australia
4 : Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Université Paul Sabatier (UPS); Station d’Ecologie Théorique et Expérimentale, UMR 5321, F-09200, Moulis, France
5 : IFREMER, unité Ecologie et Modèle pour l’Halieutique, Nantes, France
6 : Swiss Federal Research Institute WSL, CH-8903, Birmensdorf, Switzerland
7 : Landscape Ecology, Institute of Terrestrial Ecosystems, Department of Environmental System Science, ETH Zürich, CH-8092, Zürich, Switzerland
Source Nature Communications (2041-1723) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2020-02 , Vol. 11 , N. 1 , P. 692 (9p.)
DOI 10.1038/s41467-020-14409-7
WOS© Times Cited 10
Abstract

Genetic diversity is estimated to be declining faster than species diversity under escalating threats, but its spatial distribution remains poorly documented at the global scale. Theory predicts that similar processes should foster congruent spatial patterns of genetic and species diversity, but empirical studies are scarce. Using a mined database of 50,588 georeferenced mitochondrial DNA barcode sequences (COI) for 3,815 marine and 1,611 freshwater fish species respectively, we examined the correlation between genetic diversity and species diversity and their global distributions in relation to climate and geography. Genetic diversity showed a clear spatial organisation, but a weak association with species diversity for both marine and freshwater species. We found a predominantly positive relationship between genetic diversity and sea surface temperature for marine species. Genetic diversity of freshwater species varied primarily across the regional basins and was negatively correlated with average river slope. The detection of genetic diversity patterns suggests that conservation measures should consider mismatching spatial signals across multiple facets of biodiversity.

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 9 4 MB Open access
Supplementary Information 20 7 MB Open access
Peer Review File 38 756 KB Open access
Reporting Summary 2 238 KB Open access
Source Data 130 KB Open access
Top of the page