Biodiversity–Ecosystem Functioning (BEF) approach to further understanding aquaculture–environment interactions with application to bivalve culture and benthic ecosystems

Type Article
Date 2020-11
Language English
Author(s) Lacoste Elise1, 2, McKindsey Christopher W.3, Archambault Philippe4
Affiliation(s) 1 : UMR 241 EIO Université de Polynésie française Tahiti ,Polynésie française
2 : MARBEC Univ Montpellier CNRS Ifremer IRD Sète, France
3 : Maurice Lamontagne Institute Fisheries and Oceans Canada Mont‐Joli ,Canada
4 : Département de biologie Faculté des Sciences et de Génie Université Laval Québec ,Canada
Source Reviews In Aquaculture (1753-5123) (Wiley), 2020-11 , Vol. 12 , N. 4 , P. 2027-2041
DOI 10.1111/raq.12420
WOS© Times Cited 3
Keyword(s) aquaculture-environment interactions, benthic system, biodiversity, ecosystem functioning, shellfish
Abstract

Coastal benthic ecosystems may be impacted by numerous human activities, including aquaculture, which continues to expand rapidly. Indeed, today aquaculture worldwide provides more biomass for human consumption than do wild fisheries. This rapid development raises questions about the interactions the practice has with the surrounding environment. In order to design strategies of sustainable ecosystem exploitation and marine spatial planning, a better understanding of coastal ecosystem functioning is needed so that tools to quantify impacts of human activities, including aquaculture, may be developed. To achieve this goal, some possible directions proposed are integrated studies leading to new concepts, model development based on these concepts and comparisons of various ecosystems on a global scale. This review draws on existing literature to (i) briefly summarize the major ecological interactions between off‐bottom shellfish aquaculture and the environment, (ii) introduce research on the influence of benthic diversity on ecosystem functioning (BEF relationships) and (iii) propose a holistic approach to conduct aquaculture–environment studies using a BEF approach, highlighting the need for integrated studies that could offer insights and perspectives to guide future research efforts and improve the environmental management of aquaculture.

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Lacoste Elise, McKindsey Christopher W., Archambault Philippe (2020). Biodiversity–Ecosystem Functioning (BEF) approach to further understanding aquaculture–environment interactions with application to bivalve culture and benthic ecosystems. Reviews In Aquaculture, 12(4), 2027-2041. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1111/raq.12420 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00611/72279/