Contrasting shell growth strategies in two Mediterranean bivalves revealed by oxygen-isotope ratio geochemistry: The case of Pecten jacobaeus and Glycymeris pilosa

Type Article
Date 2019-11
Language English
Author(s) Peharda MelitaORCID1, Thebault Julien2, Markulin Kresimir1, Schone Bernd R.3, Janekovic IvicaORCID4, 5, Chauvaud Laurent2
Affiliation(s) 1 : Inst Oceanog & Fisheries, Split, Croatia.
2 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Inst Univ Europeen Mer, Lab Sci Environm Marin, UMR6539 UBO IRD CNRS, Plouzane, France.
3 : Johannes Gutenberg Univ Mainz, Inst Geowissensch, Mainz, Germany.
4 : Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Div Marine & Environm Res, Zagreb, Croatia.
5 : Univ Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia.
Source Chemical Geology (0009-2541) (Elsevier), 2019-11 , Vol. 526 , P. 23-35
DOI 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.029
WOS© Times Cited 16
Keyword(s) Sclerochronology, Mediterranean, Adriatic, Stable-isotope ratio geochemistry, Bivalve shells
Abstract

High-resolution stable-isotope ratio data (delta O-18, delta O-18) were used to study growth strategies of two bivalve species, Pecten jacobaeus (calcitic shell) and Glycymeris pilosa (aragonitic shell) from the North Adriatic Sea. The principal objectives of this study were to identify the period of the year when the growth line is formed in the shell of two target species, to identify the main growing season of these two species, to identify the environmental drivers of shell growth, and to evaluate the potential applicability of delta O-18 and delta O-18 values for the reconstruction of environmental variability. Samples were collected from the North Adriatic Sea by commercial bean trawl (P. jacobaeus, December 2013 and January 2014, N = 4) and SCUBA diver (Glycymeris pilosa, March 2016, N = 3). Samples for the oxygen (delta O-18) and carbon (delta O-18) isotope composition of the calcium carbonate were collected by drilling the outer shell layer across several annual cycles. Temporal and spatial temperature and salinity values inside the investigated area were simulated using the 3D numerical ocean model - ROMS. The delta O-18 cycles corresponded to the number of seasonal growth marks observed on the external shell surface of both target species, thereby confirming the annual periodicity of these growth patterns. In February 2012, extreme cooling of the water column accompanied by dense water formation occurred in the Adriatic Sea - an event recorded by P. jacobaeus shells. This study indicates that P. jacobaeus and G. pilosa have contrasting shell growth strategies. Pecten jacobaeus grows during winter and slows shell growth during the warmest part of the year, and thereby may be an interesting archive for winter conditions. Due to its longevity and continuous growth during the warmest part of the year, G. pilosa is a promising archive for the reconstruction of summer seawater temperatures.

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Peharda Melita, Thebault Julien, Markulin Kresimir, Schone Bernd R., Janekovic Ivica, Chauvaud Laurent (2019). Contrasting shell growth strategies in two Mediterranean bivalves revealed by oxygen-isotope ratio geochemistry: The case of Pecten jacobaeus and Glycymeris pilosa. Chemical Geology, 526, 23-35. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.09.029 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00615/72753/