Report of a Zoanthus Zone from the Cabo Verde Islands (Central Eastern Atlantic)

Type Article
Date 2018-10
Language English
Author(s) Lopez Cataixa1, 2, Freitas RuiORCID3, Magileviciute Edita4, Ratao Sara S.5, Brehmer Patrice6, Reimer James D.2, 7
Affiliation(s) 1 : ULL, Fac Ciencias, Dept Biol Anim Edafol & Geol, Ave Astrofis Francisco Sanchez S-N, San Cristobal De La Lagu 38206, Spain.
2 : Univ Ryukyus, Fac Sci, Dept Biol Chem & Marine Sci, Mol Invertebrate Systemat & Ecol Lab, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 9030213, Japan.
3 : Univ Cabo Verde Uni CV, Fac Engn & Ciencias Mar, Mindelo 163, CP, Cape Verde.
4 : ECOCV, Assoc Cabo Verdiana Ecoturismo, Santiago Isl 7600, Cape Verde.
5 : FMB, Cidade Do Porto Ingles 6110, Maio Island, Cape Verde.
6 : CRODT Pole ISRA Hann, Inst Rech Dev IRD France, UMR 195 Lemar, Dakar, Senegal.
7 : Univ Ryukyus, Trop Biosphere Res Ctr, 1 Senbaru, Nishihara, Okinawa 9030213, Japan.
Source Thalassas (0212-5919) (Springer International Publishing Ag), 2018-10 , Vol. 34 , N. 2 , P. 409-413
DOI 10.1007/s41208-018-0080-3
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Marine biodiversity, Maio Island, Molecular analyses, West Africa, Zoanthus sociatus, Zoanthus solanderi

Zoanthus is a genus of colonial cnidarians very common in shallow subtropical and tropical rocky and coral reef ecosystems around the world. Some species, such as Zoanthus solanderi and Z. sociatus, can coexist and cover extensive areas in the subtidal zone of some areas in the Caribbean. We report on a Zoanthus zone' in Western Africa in a bay in the north of Maio Island in the Cabo Verde Archipelago, discovered in October 2014. Molecular analyses showed that the Maio Island carpet is formed by Z. sociatus and Z. solanderi. Similar aggregations have been reported from the other side of the Atlantic Ocean in the Caribbean. This work demonstrates the presence of the Zoanthus zone' in the Central East Atlantic and adds two new records of Zoanthus species in the Cabo Verde Islands.

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