Conservation physiology of marine fishes: state of the art and prospects for policy

Type Article
Date 2016-10
Language English
Author(s) McKenzie David1, Axelsson Michael2, Chabot DenisORCID3, Claireaux Guy4, Cooke Steven J.5, Corner Richard A.6, de Boeck GudrunORCID7, Domenici Paolo8, Guerreiro Pedro M.9, Hamer Bojan10, Jorgensen ChristianORCID11, 12, Killen Shaun S.13, Lefevre SjannieORCID, Marras Stefano, Michaelidis Basile15, Nilsson Goran E.14, Peck Myron A.16, Perez-Ruzafa AngelORCID17, Rijnsdorp Adriaan D.18, Shiels Holly A.19, Steffensen John F.20, Svendsen Jon C.21, Svendsen Morten B. S.20, Teal Lorna R.18, Van Der Meer Jaap22, 23, Wang TobiasORCID24, Wilson Jonathan M.25, Wilson Rod W.26, Metcalfe Julian D.27
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER, UMR MARBEC CNRS, Ctr Marine Biodivers Exploitat & Conservat, IRD,UM, Pl E Bataillon Cc 093, F-34095 Montpellier, France.
2 : Univ Gothenburg, Dept Biol & Environm Sci, Med Aregatan 18, S-41390 Gothenburg, Sweden.
3 : Fisheries & Oceans Canada, Inst Maurice Lamontagne, Mont Joli, PQ G5H 3Z4, Canada.
4 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Ctr Ifremer Bretagne, UMR LEMAR, Unite PFOM ARN, Zl Pointe Diable,CS 10070, F-29280 Plouzane, France.
5 : Carleton Univ, Dept Biol, Fish Ecol & Conservat Physiol Lab, Ottawa, ON K1S 5B6, Canada.
6 : Longline Environm Ltd, 88 Wood St, London EC2V 7RS, England.
7 : Univ Antwerp, Dept Biol, Syst Physiol & Ecotoxicol Res SPHERE, Groenenborgerlaan 171, B-2020 Antwerp, Belgium.
8 : CNR IAMC, Ist Ambiente Marino Costiero, I-09072 Torregrande, Oristano, Italy.
9 : Univ Algarve, CCMAR Ctr Marine Sci, P-8005139 Faro, Portugal.
10 : Rudjer Boskovic Inst, Ctr Marine Res, Giordano Paliaga 5, Rovinj 52210, Croatia.
11 : Univ Bergen, Dept Biol, N-5020 Bergen, Norway.
12 : Univ Bergen, Hjort Ctr Marine Ecosyst Dynam, N-5020 Bergen, Norway.
13 : Coll Med, Inst Biodivers Anim Hlth & Comparat Med, Coll Med Vet & Life Sci, Graham Kerr Bldg, Glasgow G12 8QQ, Lanark, Scotland.
14 : Univ Oslo, Dept Biosci, POB 1066, NO-0316 Oslo, Norway.
15 : Aristotle Univ Thessaloniki, Sch Biol, Dept Zool, Lab Anim Physiol, Thessaloniki, Greece.
16 : Univ Hamburg, Inst Hydrobiol & Fisheries Sci, Olbersweg 24, D-22767 Hamburg, Germany.
17 : Univ Murcia, Fac Biol, Dept Ecol & Hydrol, Reg Campus Int Excellence Campus Mare Nostrum, Murcia, Spain.
18 : IMARES, Inst Marine Resources & Ecosyst Studies, POB 68, NL-1970 AB Ijmuiden, Netherlands.
19 : Univ Manchester, Core Technol Facil, 46 Grafton St, Manchester M13 9NT, Lancs, England.
20 : Univ Copenhagen, Dept Biol, Marine Biol Sect, Strandpromenaden 5, DK-3000 Helsingor, Denmark.
21 : Tech Univ Denmark, Sect Ecosyst Based Marine Management, Natl Inst Aquat Resources DTU Aqua, Jaegersborg Alle 1, DK-2920 Charlottenlund, Denmark.
22 : NIOZ Royal Netherlands Inst Sea Res, Dept Coastal Syst, POB 59, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands.
23 : Univ Utrecht, POB 59, NL-1790 AB Den Burg, Texel, Netherlands.
24 : Aarhus Univ, Dept Zoophysiol, DK-8000 Aarhus C, Denmark.
25 : Univ Porto, Interdisciplinary Ctr Marine & Environm Res CIIMA, P-4050123 Porto, Portugal.
26 : Univ Exeter, Coll Life & Environm Sci, Biosci, Exeter EX4 4QD, Devon, England.
27 : Ctr Environm Fisheries & Aquaculture Sci Cefas, Lowestoft Lab, Lowestoft NR33 0HT, Suffolk, England.
Source Conservation Physiology (2051-1434) (Oxford Univ Press), 2016-10 , Vol. 4 , N. 1 , P. cow046 (20p.)
DOI 10.1093/conphys/cow046
WOS© Times Cited 81
Keyword(s) Biomarkers, ecological models, fisheries, Fry paradigm, individual variation, telemetry

The state of the art of research on the environmental physiology of marine fishes is reviewed from the perspective of how it can contribute to conservation of biodiversity and fishery resources. A major constraint to application of physiological knowledge for conservation of marine fishes is the limited knowledge base; international collaboration is needed to study the environmental physiology of a wider range of species. Multifactorial field and laboratory studies on biomarkers hold promise to relate ecophysiology directly to habitat quality and population status. The 'Fry paradigm' could have broad applications for conservation physiology research if it provides a universal mechanism to link physiological function with ecological performance and population dynamics of fishes, through effects of abiotic conditions on aerobic metabolic scope. The available data indicate, however, that the paradigm is not universal, so further research is required on a wide diversity of species. Fish physiologists should interact closely with researchers developing ecological models, in order to investigate how integrating physiological information improves confidence in projecting effects of global change; for example, with mechanistic models that define habitat suitability based upon potential for aerobic scope or outputs of a dynamic energy budget. One major challenge to upscaling from physiology of individuals to the level of species and communities is incorporating intraspecific variation, which could be a crucial component of species' resilience to global change. Understanding what fishes do in the wild is also a challenge, but techniques of biotelemetry and biologging are providing novel information towards effective conservation. Overall, fish physiologists must strive to render research outputs more applicable to management and decision-making. There are various potential avenues for information flow, in the shorter term directly through biomarker studies and in the longer term by collaborating with modellers and fishery biologists.

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McKenzie David, Axelsson Michael, Chabot Denis, Claireaux Guy, Cooke Steven J., Corner Richard A., de Boeck Gudrun, Domenici Paolo, Guerreiro Pedro M., Hamer Bojan, Jorgensen Christian, Killen Shaun S., Lefevre Sjannie, Marras Stefano, Michaelidis Basile, Nilsson Goran E., Peck Myron A., Perez-Ruzafa Angel, Rijnsdorp Adriaan D., Shiels Holly A., Steffensen John F., Svendsen Jon C., Svendsen Morten B. S., Teal Lorna R., Van Der Meer Jaap, Wang Tobias, Wilson Jonathan M., Wilson Rod W., Metcalfe Julian D. (2016). Conservation physiology of marine fishes: state of the art and prospects for policy. Conservation Physiology, 4(1), cow046 (20p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :