Impact of Contrasted Weather Conditions on CDOM Absorption/Fluorescence and Biogeochemistry in the Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia

Type Article
Date 2020-03
Language English
Author(s) Dupouy Cécile1, 2, Röttgers Rüdiger3, Tedetti Marc1, Frouin Robert4, Lantoine François5, Rodier Martine6, Martias Chloe1, 2, Goutx Madeleine1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Aix Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO UM 110, 13288, Marseille, France
2 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), Nouméa, New Caledonia
3 : Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
4 : Scripps Institution of Oceanography, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, CA, United States
5 : Laboratoire d’Ecogéochimie des Environnements Benthiques, UMR 8822, Banyuls-sur-Mer, France
6 : Institut de Recherche pour le Développement (IRD), UMR 241, Ecosystèmes Insulaires Océaniens, Faa’a, French Polynesia
Source Frontiers In Earth Science (2296-6463) (Frontiers Media SA), 2020-03 , Vol. 8 , N. 54 , P. 19p.
DOI 10.3389/feart.2020.00054
WOS© Times Cited 2
Keyword(s) chromophoric dissolved organic matter, fluorescence, New Caledonia, Tropical Pacific, lagoons, bio-optics, phytoplankton, rivers
Abstract

New Caledonia (Southwest Pacific), like all tropical Pacific Island countries, is impacted by weather events, climate change, and local anthropogenic forcing. Strong erosion of particles and dissolved organic matter (DOM) from ultramafic rocks, associated with trace metals dissemination (i.e., nickel, manganese and cobalt), potentially affects lagoon waters and coral reefs surrounding the main island. The CALIOPE (CALedonian Inherent Optical PropErties) cruises were performed along the Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia (ELNC) (400 km, 13 transects from Bay to open ocean, 51 stations) during contrasted meteorological conditions: a dry period (October 2011), a windy situation (March 2014), and a strong rainy event (March 2016). CDOM absorption and fluorescence (FDOM), particulate absorption, backscattering, suspended particulate matter (SPM), total chlorophyll a (TChla), nutrients (NOx), pigment and phytoplankton composition were measured. Among the four CDOM fluorophores, the humic-like component (λEx/λEm: 235/460 nm), assimilated to a photoproduct of terrestrial organic matter, had relatively low fluorescence compared to protein-like fluorophores. As CDOM absorption, particulate absorption, backscattering, SPM, total chlorophyll a (TChla) and nutrient (NOx) concentrations, this humic-like material generally showed the highest values during rainfall events, the latter inducing an increase in riverine terrigeneous inputs and change toward higher phytoplankton size classes. The tyrosine 1-like (λEx/λEm: 220, 275/304 nm) and tryptophan-like fluorophores (λEx/λEm: 230, 300/352 nm) were strongly influenced by wind displaying a 7-fold and 3-fold increase, respectively in windy situation compared to calm conditions. These increases could be related to enhancements of autochthonous biological activities (highest mean concentrations of Synechococcus spp., phycoerythrin, pico- and nano-eukaryotes, heterotrophic bacteria and nanoplankton observed in wind condition) through the inputs of organic and mineral materials issued from the wind-induced sediment resuspension, atmospheric deposition and water mass mixing. By contrast, the tyrosine 2-like fluorophore (λEx/λEm: 245, 275/304 nm) substantially increased during rain events and presented the lowest values in wind conditions. These strong increases may be linked to the stimulation of planktonic activities due to riverine inputs. Therefore, this study emphasizes the significant differential influence of weather conditions (calm/wind/rain) on biogeochemistry and CDOM/FDOM distributions in the ELNC.

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Publisher's official version 19 2 MB Open access
FIGURE S1 | Map of the CALIOPE cruises stations, with the number along track at transects (Table 1). 393 KB Open access
FIGURE S2 | Ocean color (remote sensing reflectance, Rrs) at 390 and 440 nm for the three CALIOPE cruises. 162 KB Open access
FIGURE S3 | Comparison of the distributions of the fluorescence contributions (in QSU) of (A) C1 tyrosine 1-like, (B) C2 humic-like, (C) C3 tryptophan-like, and (D) C4 tyrosine 2-like fluorophores ... 629 KB Open access
FIGURE S4 | Comparison of the distributions of the fluorescence contributions (in QSU) of C1 tyrosine 1-like fluorophore along the Eastern lagoon of New Caledonia and for the three cruises. 460 KB Open access
FIGURE S5 | Comparison of the distributions of the fluorescence contributions (in QSU) of C3 tryptophan-like (A) and (B) C4 tyrosine 2-like fluorophores along the Eastern lagoon of New Caledonia and f 961 KB Open access
FIGURE S6 | Spectral slope S(370–500 nm) in nm–1 for the three cruises (CAL1 in red, CAL2 in blue, CAL3 in green) versus the position of the station along the transect from the coast ... 123 KB Open access
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How to cite 

Dupouy Cécile, Röttgers Rüdiger, Tedetti Marc, Frouin Robert, Lantoine François, Rodier Martine, Martias Chloe, Goutx Madeleine (2020). Impact of Contrasted Weather Conditions on CDOM Absorption/Fluorescence and Biogeochemistry in the Eastern Lagoon of New Caledonia. Frontiers In Earth Science, 8(54), 19p. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3389/feart.2020.00054 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00620/73166/