Small-scale fisheries access to fishing opportunities in the European Union: Is the Common Fisheries Policy the right step to SDG14b?
|Author(s)||Said Alicia1, Pascual-Fernández Jose2, Amorim Vanessa Iglésias3, Autzen Mathilde Højrup4, 5, Hegland Troels Jacob5, Pita Cristina6, Ferretti Johanna7, Penca Jerneja8|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : IFREMER, Centre for Law and Economics of the Sea, Plouzane, France
2 : Institute of Social Research and Tourism, Department of Sociology and Anthropology, University of Las Laguna, Tenerife, Spain
3 : Centre for Research in Anthropology (CRIA), Iscte University Institute of Lisboa, Av. Forças Armadas, Edifício ISCTE, 1649-026, Lisboa, Portugal
4 : Centre for Sustainable Life Modes, Denmark
5 : Centre for Blue Governance, Department of Planning, Aalborg University, Rendsburggade 14, 9000, Aalborg, Denmark
6 : Department of Environment and Planning & Centre for Environmental and Marine Studies (CESAM), University of Aveiro, Campus Universitário de Santiago, 3810-193, Aveiro, Portugal
7 : Institute of Baltic Sea, Thunen Institute, Germany
8 : Euro-Mediterranean University, Kidričevo nabrežje 2, 6330, Piran, Slovenia
|Source||Marine Policy (0308-597X) (Elsevier BV), 2020-08 , Vol. 118 , P. 104009 (9p.)|
|WOS© Times Cited||8|
|Keyword(s)||Fisheries quota, ITQs, Social criteria, Equity, SSF Guidelines, Sustainable development goals (SDGs)|
The profile of small-scale fisheries has been raised through a dedicated target within the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDG14b) that calls for the provision of ‘access of small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets’. By focusing on access to fisheries resources in the context of European Union, in this article we demonstrate that the potential for small-scale fishing sectors to benefit from fishing opportunities remains low due to different mechanisms at play including legislative gaps in the Common Fisheries Policy, and long-existing local structures somewhat favouring the status quo of distributive injustice. Consequently, those without access to capital and authority are faced by marginalizing allocation systems, impacting the overall resilience of fishing communities. Achieving SDG14b requires an overhaul in the promulgation of policies emanating from the present nested governance systems.