The Cost for Biodiversity: Records of Ciliate–Nematode Epibiosis with the Description of Three New Suctorian Species

Type Article
Date 2020-06
Language English
Author(s) Baldrighi Elisa1, Dovgal Igor2, Zeppilli DanielaORCID3, Abibulaeva Alie2, Michelet Claire4, Michaud Emma4, Franzo Annalisa5, Grassi Eleonora6, Cesaroni Lucia6, Guidi Loretta6, Balsamo Maria6, Sandulli Roberto7, Semprucci Federica6
Affiliation(s) 1 : Institute for Biological Resources and Marine Biotechnologies (IRBIM), Italian National Research Council (CNR), Via Pola 4, 71010 Lesina, Italy
2 : A.O. Kovalevsky Institute of Biology of the Southern Seas of RAS, 299011 Sevastopol, Russia
3 : IFREMER, Centre Brest, REM/EEP/LEP, ZI de la Pointe du Diable, CS10070, F-29280 Plouzané, France
4 : LEMAR, Université Brest, CNRS, IRD, IFREMER, F-29280 Plouzane, France
5 : Oceanography Section, Istituto Nazionale di Oceanografia e di Geofisica Sperimentale, OGS I-34151 Trieste, Italy
6 : Department of Biomolecular Sciences (DiSB), University of Urbino ‘Carlo Bo’, loc. Crocicchia, 61029 Urbino, Italy
7 : Department of Science and Technology (DiST), Parthenope University Naples, Consorzio Nazionale Interuniversitario per le Scienze del Mare (CoNISMa), 00196 Rome, Italy
Source Diversity-basel (1424-2818) (MDPI AG), 2020-06 , Vol. 12 , N. 6 , P. 224 (25p.)
DOI 10.3390/d12060224
WOS© Times Cited 3
Note This article belongs to the Special Issue Meiofauna Biodiversity and Ecology
Keyword(s) epibiosis, ciliophora, suctorea, nematoda, meiofauna, biodiversity
Abstract

Epibiosis is a common phenomenon in marine systems. In marine environments, ciliates are among the most common organisms adopting an epibiotic habitus and nematodes have been frequently reported as their basibionts. In the present study, we report several new records of peritrich and suctorian ciliates-nematode association worldwide: from a deep-sea pockmark field in the NW Madagascar margin (Indian Ocean), from a shallow vent area in the Gulf of Naples (Mediterranean, Tyrrhenian Sea), in a MPA area in the Gulf of Trieste (Mediterranean, Adriatic Sea), from a mangrove system in French Guiana (South America, Atlantic Ocean), and from the Maldivian Archipelago. In addition, three new species of Suctorea from the Secca delle Fumose shallow vent area (Gulf of Naples) were described: Loricophrya susannae n. sp., Thecacineta fumosae n. sp. and Acinetopsis lynni n. sp. In the light of these new records and data from the existing literature, we discuss the suctorian–nematode epibiosis relationship as a lever to biodiversity.

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 25 1 MB Open access
Figure S1 970 KB Open access
Figure S2 798 KB Open access
Supplementary material Tables 19 KB Open access
Top of the page

How to cite 

Baldrighi Elisa, Dovgal Igor, Zeppilli Daniela, Abibulaeva Alie, Michelet Claire, Michaud Emma, Franzo Annalisa, Grassi Eleonora, Cesaroni Lucia, Guidi Loretta, Balsamo Maria, Sandulli Roberto, Semprucci Federica (2020). The Cost for Biodiversity: Records of Ciliate–Nematode Epibiosis with the Description of Three New Suctorian Species. Diversity-basel, 12(6), 224 (25p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3390/d12060224 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00632/74417/