How community adaptation affects biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships

Type Article
Date 2020-08
Language English
Author(s) Aubree Flora1, David Patrice2, Jarne Philippe2, Loreau Michel3, Mouquet Nicolas4, Calcagno Vincent1, Chase Jonathan
Affiliation(s) 1 : Université Côte d’Azur INRAE CNRS ISA 06900 Sophia Antipolis, France
2 : Centre d’Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive CNRS Université de Montpellier Université Paul Valéry Montpellier ‐ IRD ‐ EPHE 1919 route de Mende, 34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France
3 : Centre for Biodiversity Theory and Modelling, Theoretical and Experimental Ecology Station CNRS and Paul Sabatier University Moulis 09200, France
4 : MARBEC CNRS‐IFREMER‐IRD‐University of Montpellier, Montpellier 34095, France
Source Ecology Letters (1461-023X) (Wiley), 2020-08 , Vol. 23 , N. 8 , P. 1263-1275
DOI 10.1111/ele.13530
WOS© Times Cited 3
Keyword(s) Adaptive dynamics, eco-evolutionary dynamics, invasion, productivity, species interactions, species traits, stability
Abstract

Evidence is growing that evolutionary dynamics can impact biodiversity–ecosystem functioning (BEF) relationships. However the nature of such impacts remains poorly understood. Here we use a modelling approach to compare random communities, with no trait evolutionary fine‐tuning, and co‐adapted communities, where traits have co‐evolved, in terms of emerging biodiversity–productivity, biodiversity–stability and biodiversity–invasion relationships. Community adaptation impacted most BEF relationships, sometimes inverting the slope of the relationship compared to random communities. Biodiversity–productivity relationships were generally less positive among co‐adapted communities, with reduced contribution of sampling effects. The effect of community‐adaptation, though modest regarding invasion resistance, was striking regarding invasion tolerance: co‐adapted communities could remain very tolerant to invasions even at high diversity. BEF relationships are thus contingent on the history of ecosystems and their degree of community adaptation. Short‐term experiments and observations following recent changes may not be safely extrapolated into the future, once eco‐evolutionary feedbacks have taken place.

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Aubree Flora, David Patrice, Jarne Philippe, Loreau Michel, Mouquet Nicolas, Calcagno Vincent, Chase Jonathan (2020). How community adaptation affects biodiversity–ecosystem functioning relationships. Ecology Letters, 23(8), 1263-1275. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1111/ele.13530 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00632/74455/