Ingestion of microplastics and occurrence of parasite association in Mediterranean anchovy and sardine

Type Article
Date 2020-09
Language English
Author(s) Pennino Maria Grazia1, 2, 3, Bachiller Eneko4, Lloret-Lloret Elena4, Albo-Puigserver Marta4, Esteban Antonio5, Jadaud AngeliqueORCID6, Bellido José María3, 5, Coll Marta3, 4
Affiliation(s) 1 : Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Vigo, Subida a Radio Faro, 50-52, 36390 Vigo, Pontevedra, Spain
2 : Fishing Ecology Management and Economics (FEME), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN, Depto. de Ecologia, Natal, RN, Brazil
3 : Statistical Modeling Ecology Group (SMEG), Departament d'Estadística i Investigació Operativa, Universitat de València, C/Dr. Moliner 50, Burjassot 46100, Valencia, Spain
4 : Institut de Ciències del Mar (CMIMA-CSIC), P. Marítim de la Barceloneta, 37-49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
5 : Instituto Español de Oceanografía, Centro Oceanográfico de Murcia, C/Varadero 1, San Pedro del Pinatar, 30740 Murcia, Spain
6 : MARBEC, Ifremer, Univ. Montpellier, CNRS, IRD, Bd Jean Monnet B.P. 171, 34203 Sète Cedex, France
Source Marine Pollution Bulletin (0025-326X) (Elsevier BV), 2020-09 , Vol. 158 , P. 111399 (10p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2020.111399
WOS© Times Cited 40
Keyword(s) Bayesian, Gut contents, Plastic ingestion, Fish parasites, Small pelagic fish

We quantified the incidence of microplastics in the gut contents of the European sardine (Sardina pilchardus) and anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) in the Northwestern Mediterranean Sea and tested which variables influence this abundance, including the prevalence of parasites (i.e., trematoda larvae and nematodes). We detected a 58% occurrence of microplastics ingestion in sardines and a 60% in anchovies. With respect to sardines, the individuals with lower body conditions were found to have the highest microplastics ingestion probabilities, whereas in anchovies such probabilities were observed in individuals with higher gonadosomatic indices and smaller size. The areas with the highest microplastics ingestion probabilities were the Gulf of Alicante for sardines and the Gulf of Lion - Ebro Delta for anchovies. Both species showed a positive relationship between parasites and microplastics ingestion. These results highlight that both parasitism and ingestion of microplastics are concerns for the health of marine stocks and human consumers.

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Pennino Maria Grazia, Bachiller Eneko, Lloret-Lloret Elena, Albo-Puigserver Marta, Esteban Antonio, Jadaud Angelique, Bellido José María, Coll Marta (2020). Ingestion of microplastics and occurrence of parasite association in Mediterranean anchovy and sardine. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 158, 111399 (10p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :