Economic growth, international trade, and the depletion or conservation of renewable natural resources

Type Article
Date 2019-09
Language English
Author(s) Riekhof Marie-CatherineORCID1, Regnier Esther2, 3, Quaas Martin F.3
Affiliation(s) 1 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, CER ETH Ctr Econ Res, Zurich, Switzerland.
2 : Univ Western Brittany UBO, AMURE, Brest, France.
3 : Univ Kiel, Dept Econ, Kiel, Germany.
Source Journal Of Environmental Economics And Management (0095-0696) (Academic Press Inc Elsevier Science), 2019-09 , Vol. 97 , P. 116-133
DOI 10.1016/j.jeem.2018.04.008
WOS© Times Cited 18
Keyword(s) Economic growth, International trade, Common-pool resource, Renewable resource, Property rights, Open access, Depletion, Conservation
Abstract

Conservation of renewable natural resources and promotion of economic growth are both sustamable development goals. Here, we study the interdependency between economic growth, international trade, and the use of renewable natural resources under alternative institutional settings of either open access or full property rights in an endogenous growth model. We find that if the resource is depleted over time, consumption growth is reduced. Economic growth and international trade only impact resource use when the resource is harvested under full property rights. Then, widening international trade can lead countries to shift from conservation to depletion. Changes in the institutional setting of resource use in one country may have repercussions on trading partners. Our results indicate potential trade-offs between the sustainable development goals and imply that policies focusing on resource use or trade (e.g., international trade bans or certified trade) are not sufficient to prevent resource depletion. (C) 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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