Multiple Stressors and Ecological Complexity Require a New Approach to Coral Reef Research

Type Article
Date 2016
Language English
Author(s) Pendleton Linwood H.1, 2, Hoegh-Guldberg Ove3, 4, Langdon ChrisORCID5, Comte Adrien6
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Brest, LabexMER, IUEM AMURE, Brest, France.
2 : Duke Univ, Nicholas Inst, Brest, France.
3 : Univ Queensland, Global Change Inst, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
4 : Australian Res Council, Ctr Excellence Coral Reef Studies, Brisbane, Qld, Australia.
5 : Univ Miami, Dept Marine Biol & Ecol, RSMAS, Miami, FL USA.
6 : Univ Brest, IUEM AMURE, Brest, France.
Source Frontiers In Marine Science (2296-7745) (Frontiers Media Sa), 2016 , Vol. 3 , N. 36 , P. 5p.
DOI 10.3339/fmars.2016.00036
WOS© Times Cited 22
Keyword(s) coral reefs, multiple stressors, mesocosm-level research, climate change, ocean acidification
Abstract

Ocean acidification, climate change, and other environmental stressors threaten coral reef ecosystems and the people who depend upon them. New science reveals that these multiple stressors interact and may affect a multitude of physiological and ecological processes in complex ways. The interaction of multiple stressors and ecological complexity may mean that the negative effects on coral reef ecosystems will happen sooner and be more severe than previously thought. Yet, most research on the effects of global change on coral reefs focus on one or few stressors, pathways or outcomes (e.g., bleaching). Based on a critical review of the literature, we call for a regionally targeted strategy of mesocosm-level research that addresses this complexity and provides more realistic projections about coral reef impacts in the face of global environmental change. We believe similar approaches are needed for other ecosystems that face global environmental change.

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