Gravity-Driven Deposits in an Active Margin (Ionian Sea) Over the Last 330,000 Years
|Author(s)||Kong Eleonore1, Zaragosi Sebastien1, Schneider Jean-Luc1, Garlan Thierry2, Bachelery Patrick3, Sabine Marjolaine1, San Pedro Laurine4|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Univ Bordeaux, UMR CNRS 5805, EPOC, Allee Geoffroy St Hilaire,CS 50023, Pessac, France.
2 : SHOM DOPS HOM Sedimentol, 13 Rue Chatellier,CS 92803, Brest, France.
3 : Univ Blaise Pascal Clermont Ferrand, LMV OPGC, Campus Cezeaux,6 Ave Blaise Pascal,TSA60026, Aubiere, France.
4 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, Lab Domaines Ocean, UMR 6538, IUEM, Rue Dumont Urville, Plouzane, France.
|Source||Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems (1525-2027) (Amer Geophysical Union), 2017-11 , Vol. 18 , N. 11 , P. 4186-4210|
|WOS© Times Cited||1|
|Keyword(s)||Ionian Sea, accretionary wedges, palaeoearthquakes, etna volcanism, natural hazard, turbidites|
In the Ionian Sea, the subduction of the Nubia plate underneath the Eurasia plate leads to an important sediment remobilization on the Calabrian Arc and the Mediterranean Ridge. These events are often associated with earthquakes and tsunamis. In this study, we analyze gravity-driven deposits in order to establish their recurrence time on the Calabrian Arc and the western Mediterranean Ridge. Four gravity cores collected on ridges and slope basins of accretionary prisms record turbidites, megaturbidites, slumping and micro-faults over the last 330,000 years. These turbidites were dated by correlation with a hemipelagic core with a multi-proxy approach: radiometric dating, 18O, b* colour curve, sapropels and tephrochronology. The origin of the gravity-driven deposits was studied with a sedimentary approach: grain-size, lithology, thin section, geochemistry of volcanic glass. The results suggest three periods of presence/absence of gravity-driven deposits: a first on the western lobe of the Calabrian Arc between 330,000 and 250,000 years, a second between 120,000 years and present day on the eastern lobe of the Calabrian Arc and over the last 60,000 years on the western lobe, and a third on the Mediterranean Ridge over the last 37,000 years. Return times for gravity-driven deposits are around 1,000 years during the most important record periods. The turbidite activity also highlights the presence of volcaniclastic turbidites that seems to be link to the Etna changing morphology over the last 320,000 years.