A "high He-4/He-3" mantle material detected under the East Pacific Rise (15 degrees 4 ' N)

We investigate in details helium isotope data reported in Mougel et al. (2014) for 14 basaltic samples collected on the East Pacific Rise by submersible (15 degrees 4N) where the ridge interacts with the Mathematician seamounts. Samples locations are separated by only few hundred meters across a 15km along-axis profile. The data reveal a strong geochemical variability that has never been observed at such high spatial resolution for helium isotope compositions. Moreover, they reveal an unusually high He-4/He-3 mantle component also characterized by unradiogenic lead, atypical in oceanic basalts. He-Pb systematics suggests a mixture between a nonradiogenic lead and radiogenic helium pyroxenitic component, recycled from the deep continental lithosphere and the ambient peridotitic mantle. The He isotope difference between these two end-members can be interpreted as a time evolution of two distinct mantle sources after a slight (U+Th)/He-3 fractionation, likely due to some ancient degassing during the formation of deep continental pyroxenites.


helium, isotopes, mantle geochemistry, MORB, hot spot, EPR

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Mougel Berengere, Moreira Manuel, Agranier Arnaud (2015). A "high He-4/He-3" mantle material detected under the East Pacific Rise (15 degrees 4 ' N). Geophysical Research Letters. 42 (5). 1375-1383. https://doi.org/10.1002/2014GL062921, https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00639/75140/

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