Identification of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Synthesis Pathways in the Toxic Dinophyte Alexandrium minutum Using 13C-Labelling

Type Article
Date 2020-10
Language English
Author(s) Remize Marine1, Planchon Frederic1, Loh Ai Ning2, Le Grand Fabienne4, Lambert Christophe4, Bideau Antoine1, Bidault Adeline1, Corvaisier Rudolph4, Volety Aswani3, Soudant Philippe4
Affiliation(s) 1 : UMR 6539 LEMAR, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, University of Brest, F-29280 Plouzané, France
2 : Center for Marine Science, Department of Earth and Ocean Sciences, University of North Carolina Wilmington, 5600 Marvin K. Moss Ln., Wilmington, NC 28403, USA
3 : Department of Biology, Elon University, 50 Campus Drive, Elon, NC 27244, USA
4 : UMR 6539 LEMAR, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, University of Brest, F-29280 Plouzané, France
Source Biomolecules (2218-273X) (MDPI AG), 2020-10 , Vol. 10 , N. 10 , P. 1428 (21p.)
DOI 10.3390/biom10101428
WOS© Times Cited 1
Note This article belongs to the Special Issue Lipids of Marine Algae
Keyword(s) PUFA synthesis, 22:6n-3, DHA, PKS pathway, Dinophyte, Alexandrium minutum, encystment
Abstract

The synthetic pathways responsible for the production of the polyunsaturated fatty acids 22:6n-3 and 20:5n-3 were studied in the Dinophyte Alexandrium minutum. The purpose of this work was to follow the progressive incorporation of an isotopic label (13CO2) into 11 fatty acids to better understand the fatty acid synthesis pathways in A. minutum. The Dinophyte growth was monitored for 54 h using high-frequency sampling. A. minutum presented a growth in two phases. A lag phase was observed during the first 30 h of development and had been associated with the probable temporary encystment of Dinophyte cells. An exponential growth phase was then observed after t30. A. minutum rapidly incorporated 13C into 22:6n-3, which ended up being the most 13C-enriched polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) in this experiment, with a higher 13C atomic enrichment than 18:4n-3, 18:5n-3, 20:5n-3, and 22:5n-3. Overall, the 13C atomic enrichment (AE) was inversely proportional to number of carbons in n-3 PUFA. C18 PUFAs, 18:4n-3, and 18:5n-3, were indeed among the least 13C-enriched FAs during this experiment. They were assumed to be produced by the n-3 PUFA pathway. However, they could not be further elongated or desaturated to produce n-3 C20-C22 PUFA, because the AEs of the n-3 C18 PUFAs were lower than those of the n-3 C20-C22 PUFAs. Thus, the especially high atomic enrichment of 22:6n-3 (55.8% and 54.9% in neutral lipids (NLs) and polar lipids (PLs), respectively) led us to hypothesize that this major PUFA was synthesized by an O2-independent Polyketide Synthase (PKS) pathway. Another parallel PKS, independent of the one leading to 22:6n-3, was also supposed to produce 20:5n-3. The inverse order of the 13C atomic enrichment for n-3 PUFAs was also suspected to be related to the possible β-oxidation of long-chain n-3 PUFAs occurring during A. minutum encystment

Full Text
File Pages Size Access
Publisher's official version 21 3 MB Open access
Supplementary File 1 2 MB Open access
Top of the page

How to cite 

Remize Marine, Planchon Frederic, Loh Ai Ning, Le Grand Fabienne, Lambert Christophe, Bideau Antoine, Bidault Adeline, Corvaisier Rudolph, Volety Aswani, Soudant Philippe (2020). Identification of Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids Synthesis Pathways in the Toxic Dinophyte Alexandrium minutum Using 13C-Labelling. Biomolecules, 10(10), 1428 (21p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.3390/biom10101428 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00654/76562/