Using growth and geochemical composition of Clathromorphum compactum to track multiscale North Atlantic hydro-climate variability

Type Article
Date 2021-01
Language English
Author(s) Siebert Valentin1, Poitevin Pierre1, Chauvaud Laurent1, Schöne Bernd R.2, Lazure PascalORCID3, Thebault Julien1
Affiliation(s) 1 : Université de Bretagne Occidentale, Laboratoire des Sciences de l'Environnement Marin (UMR6539 UBO/CNRS/IRD/Ifremer), 29280 Plouzané, France
2 : Institute of Geosciences, University of Mainz, Johann-Joachim-Becher-Weg 21, 55128 Mainz, Germany
3 : Ifremer, Laboratoire d'Océanographie Physique et Spatiale (UMR6523 CNRS/Ifremer/IRD/UBO), 29280 Plouzané, France
Source Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology (0031-0182) (Elsevier BV), 2021-01 , Vol. 562 , P. 110097 (13p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.110097
WOS© Times Cited 1
Keyword(s) Sclerochronology, Coralline algae, Environmental proxy, Climate change, Environmental reconstruction
Abstract

Records of ocean/atmosphere dynamics over the past centuries are essential to understand processes driving climate variability. This is particularly true for the Northwest Atlantic which is a key region with an essential role in global climate regulation. Over the past two decades, coralline red algae have been increasingly used as environmental and climatic archives for the marine realm and hold the potential to extend long-term instrumental measurements. Here, we investigate the possibility to extract climate and environmental information from annual growth patterns and geochemical composition of the coralline red algae, Clathromorphum compactum, from Saint-Pierre & Miquelon (SPM), a French archipelago southwest of Newfoundland. However, measurements of C. compactum growth trends is challenging due to difficulties in identifying annual growth lines directly. So far, growth pattern investigations were commonly performed based on geochemical data of coralline calcite matrix. Nonetheless, this method is expensive and therefore prevents from analyzing a large number of specimens that would be representative of the population. For this reason, we enhanced the growth line readability by staining polished sections with Mutvei's solution and performed growth analysis based on direct increment width measurements. Geochemical analyses were also carried out in order to validate the assumption that growth lines observed after staining were formed on an annual basis. Moreover, growth pattern and trace element composition were measured on multiple axes of several individuals in order to assess the intra- and inter-specimen variability and validate their use for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Finally, relationships between the C. compactum sclerochronological records from SPM and environmental datasets covering different geographical areas allow a better knowledge of flow dynamics in the Northwest Atlantic and confirm the findings related to Arctica islandica from the same location.

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Siebert Valentin, Poitevin Pierre, Chauvaud Laurent, Schöne Bernd R., Lazure Pascal, Thebault Julien (2021). Using growth and geochemical composition of Clathromorphum compactum to track multiscale North Atlantic hydro-climate variability. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 562, 110097 (13p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2020.110097 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00657/76936/