The COVID-19 pandemic and global environmental change: emerging research needs

Type Article
Date 2021-01
Language English
Author(s) Barouki Robert1, Kogevinas Manolis2, Audouze Karine1, Belesova Kristine3, Bergman Ake4, Birnbaum Linda5, Boekhold Sandra6, Denys Sebastien7, Desseille Celine1, Drakvik Elina4, Frumkin Howard8, Garric Jeanne9, Destoumieux-Garzon Delphine10, Haines Andrew3, Huss Anke11, Jensen Genon12, Karakitsios Spyros13, Klanova Jana14, Koskela Iida-Maria15, Laden Francine16, Marano Francelyne17, Franziska Matthies-Wiesler Eva18, Morris George19, Nowacki Julia20, Paloniemi Riikka15, Pearce Neil10, Peters Annette18, Rekola Aino15, Sarigiannis Denis13, Šebková Katerina14, Slama Remy21, Staatsen Brigit5, Tonne Cathryn2, Vermeulen Roel, Vineis Paolo11, 22
Affiliation(s) 1 : INSERM, Université de Paris, France
2 : ISGlobal, Barcelona, Spain
3 : LSHTM, UK
4 : Stockholm University, Sweden
5 : NIEHS, USA
6 : RIVM, Netherlands
7 : Santé Publique France, France
8 : University of Washington School of Public Health, USA
9 : INRAE, France
10 : CNRS, Université de Montpellier, IFREMER, UPVD, France
11 : Utrecht University, Netherlands
12 : Health and Environment Alliance (HEAL), Belgium
13 : Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Greece
14 : RECETOX, Masaryk University, Czech Republic
15 : SYKE, Finland
16 : Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, USA
17 : Université de Paris, France
18 : HMGU, Germany
19 : ECEHH, University of Exeter, UK
20 : WHO, Germany
21 : INSERM, CNRS, Université de Grenoble-Alpes, IAB, France
22 : Imperial College London, UK
Source Environment International (0160-4120) (Elsevier BV), 2021-01 , Vol. 146 , P. 106272 (5p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.envint.2020.106272
Keyword(s) SARS-COV-2, Biodiversity, Urbanization, Climate, Chemicals, Transformational change
Abstract

The outbreak of COVID-19 raised numerous questions on the interactions between the occurrence of new infections, the environment, climate and health. The European Union requested the H2020 HERA project which aims at setting priorities in research on environment, climate and health, to identify relevant research needs regarding Covid-19. The emergence and spread of SARS-CoV-2 appears to be related to urbanization, habitat destruction, live animal trade, intensive livestock farming and global travel. The contribution of climate and air pollution requires additional studies. Importantly, the severity of COVID-19 depends on the interactions between the viral infection, ageing and chronic diseases such as metabolic, respiratory and cardiovascular diseases and obesity which are themselves influenced by environmental stressors. The mechanisms of these interactions deserve additional scrutiny. Both the pandemic and the social response to the disease have elicited an array of behavioural and societal changes that may remain long after the pandemic and that may have long term health effects including on mental health. Recovery plans are currently being discussed or implemented and the environmental and health impacts of those plans are not clearly foreseen. Clearly, COVID-19 will have a long-lasting impact on the environmental health field and will open new research perspectives and policy needs.

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Barouki Robert, Kogevinas Manolis, Audouze Karine, Belesova Kristine, Bergman Ake, Birnbaum Linda, Boekhold Sandra, Denys Sebastien, Desseille Celine, Drakvik Elina, Frumkin Howard, Garric Jeanne, Destoumieux-Garzon Delphine, Haines Andrew, Huss Anke, Jensen Genon, Karakitsios Spyros, Klanova Jana, Koskela Iida-Maria, Laden Francine, Marano Francelyne, Franziska Matthies-Wiesler Eva, Morris George, Nowacki Julia, Paloniemi Riikka, Pearce Neil, Peters Annette, Rekola Aino, Sarigiannis Denis, Šebková Katerina, Slama Remy, Staatsen Brigit, Tonne Cathryn, Vermeulen Roel, Vineis Paolo (2021). The COVID-19 pandemic and global environmental change: emerging research needs. Environment International, 146, 106272 (5p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2020.106272 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00659/77146/