Two databases derived from BGC-Argo float measurements for marine biogeochemical and bio-optical applications

Since 2012, an array of 105 Biogeochemical-Argo (BGC-Argo) floats has been deployed across the world's oceans to assist in filling observational gaps that are required for characterizing open-ocean environments. Profiles of biogeochemical (chlorophyll and dissolved organic matter) and optical (single-wavelength particulate optical backscattering, downward irradiance at three wavelengths, and photosynthetically available radiation) variables are collected in the upper 1000 m every 1 to 10 days. The database of 9837 vertical profiles collected up to January 2016 is presented and its spatial and temporal coverage is discussed. Each variable is quality controlled with specifically developed procedures and its time series is quality-assessed to identify issues related to biofouling and/or instrument drift. A second database of 5748 profile-derived products within the first optical depth (i.e., the layer of interest for satellite remote sensing) is also presented and its spatiotemporal distribution discussed. This database, devoted to field and remote ocean color applications, includes diffuse attenuation coefficients for downward irradiance at three narrow wavebands and one broad waveband (photosynthetically available radiation), calibrated chlorophyll and fluorescent dissolved organic matter concentrations, and single-wavelength particulate optical backscattering. To demonstrate the applicability of these databases, data within the first optical depth are compared with previously established bio-optical models and used to validate remotely derived bio-optical products. The quality-controlled databases are publicly available from the SEANOE (SEA scieNtific Open data Edition) publisher at and for vertical profiles and products within the first optical depth, respectively.

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Organelli Emanuele, Barbieux Marie, Claustre Herve, Schmechtig Catherine, Poteau Antoine, Bricaud Annick, Boss Emmanuel, Briggs Nathan, Dall'olmo Giorgio, D'Ortenzio Fabrizio, Leymarie Edouard, Mangin Antoine, Obolensky Grigor, Penkerc'h Christophe, Prieur Louis, Roesler Collin, Serra Romain, Uitz Julia, Xing Xiaogang (2017). Two databases derived from BGC-Argo float measurements for marine biogeochemical and bio-optical applications. Earth System Science Data. 9 (2). 861-880.,

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