EUREC4A

Type Article
Acceptance Date 2020 IN PRESS
Language English
Author(s) Stevens BjornORCID, Bony SandrineORCID, Farrell David, Ament Felix, Blyth Alan M.ORCID, Fairall Christopher W.ORCID, Karstensen JohannesORCID, Quinn Patricia K.ORCID, Speich SabrinaORCID, Acquistapace ClaudiaORCID, Aemisegger Franziska, Albright Anna LeaORCID, Bellenger HugoORCID, Bodenschatz EberhardORCID, Caesar Kathy-Ann, Chewitt-Lucas Rebecca, De Boer Gijs, Delanoë Julien, Denby Leif ChristopherORCID, Ewald Florian, Fildier Benjamin, Forde Marvin, George Geet, Gross Silke, Hagen MartinORCID, Hausold Andrea, Heywood Karen J.ORCID, Hirsch Lutz, Jacob MarekORCID, Jansen Friedhelm, Kinne Stefan, Klocke DanielORCID, Kölling Tobias, Konow HeikeORCID, Lothon Marie, Mohr WiebkeORCID, Naumann Ann KristinORCID, Nuijens Louise, Olivier LéaORCID, Pincus RobertORCID, Pöhlker Mira L.ORCID, Reverdin GillesORCID, Roberts Gregory, Schnitt Sabrina, Schulz HaukeORCID, Siebesma Pier, Stephan CarolineORCID, Sullivan Peter P, Touzé-Peiffer LudovicORCID, Vial Jessica, Vogel Raphaela, Zuidema PaquitaORCID, Alexander Nicola, Alves Lyndon, Arixi Sophian, Asmath Hamish, Bagheri GholamhosseinORCID, Baier Katharina, Bailey AdrianaORCID, Baranowski Dariusz B.ORCID, Baron Aurelie, Barrau Sébastien, Barrett Paul AlanORCID, Batier Frédéric, Behrendt AndreasORCID, Bendinger Arne, Beucher Florent, Bigorre Sebastien, Blades Edmund, Blossey P, Bock Olivier, Boeing Steven J, Bosser Pierre, Bourras DenisORCID, Bouruet-Aubertot Pascale, Bower KeithORCID, Branellec Pierre, Branger Hubert, Brennek Michal, Brewer Alan, Brilouet Pierre EtienneORCID, Brügmann Björn, Buehler Stefan AlexanderORCID, Burke Elmo, Burton Ralph, Calmer Radiance, Canonici Jean-Christophe, Carton Xavier, Cato Gregory, Charles Jude Andre, Chazette PatrickORCID, Chen Yanxu, Chilinski Michal T, Choularton TomORCID, Chuang Patrick Y.ORCID, Clarke Shamal, Coe Hugh, Cornet Cas, Coutris Pierre, Couvreux FleurORCID, Crewell Susanne, Cronin Timothy WallaceORCID, Cui ZhiqiangORCID, Cuypers YannisORCID, Daley Alton, Damerell Gillian MaryORCID, Dauhut ThibautORCID, Deneke Hartwig M, Desbios Jean-Philippe, Dörner SteffenORCID, Donner Sebastian, Douet Vincent, Drushka KylaORCID, Dütsch Marina, Ehrlich AndréORCID, Emanual Kerry, Emmanouilidis Alexandros, Etienne Jean-Claude, Etienne-Leblanc Sheryl, Faure Ghislain, Feingold GrahamORCID, Ferrero Luca, Fix AndreasORCID, Flamant CyrilleORCID, Flatau Piotr J.ORCID, Foltz Gregory R.ORCID, Forster Linda, Furtuna Iulian, Gadian AlanORCID, Galewsky JosephORCID, Gallagher MartinORCID, Gallimore Peter, Gaston Cassandra J.ORCID, Gentemann Chelle, Geyskens Nicolas, Giez Andreas, Gollop John, Gouirand IsabelleORCID, Gourbeyre Christophe, De Graaf Dörte, De Groot Geiske E., Grosz Robert, Güttler Johannes, Gutleben ManuelORCID, Hall Kashawn, Harris George, Helfer Kevin ChristopherORCID, Henze Dean, Herbert Calvert, Holanda Bruna, Ibanez-Landeta Antonio, Intrieri Janet M., Iyer Suneil, Julien Fabrice, Kalesse Heike, Kazil JanORCID, Kellman Alexander, Kidane Abiel T., Kirchner Ulrike, Klingebiel Marcus, Körner MareikeORCID, Kremper Leslie Ann, Kretzschmar Jan, Krüger Ovid, Kumala Wojciech, Kurz Armin, L'Hégaret Pierre, Labaste Matthieu, Lachlan-Cope Tom A., Laing Arlene, Landschützer PeterORCID, Lang Theresa, Lange Vega DiegoORCID, Lange Ingo, Laplace Clément, Lavik Gaute, Laxenaire RémiORCID, Le Bihan Caroline, Leandro Mason, Lefèvre NathalieORCID, Lena Marius, Leschow Donald, Li Qiang, Lloyd GaryORCID, Los Sebastian, Losi Niccolò, Lovell Oscar, Luneau Christopher, Makuch PrzemyslawORCID, Malinowski Szymon PORCID, Manta GastonORCID, Marinou EleniORCID, Marsden NicholasORCID, Masson Sebastien, Maury Nicolas, Mayer BernhardORCID, Mayers-Als Margarette, Mazel Christophe, McGeary Wayne, McWilliams James C.ORCID, Mech Mario, Mehlmann Melina, Meroni Agostino NiyonkuruORCID, Mieslinger TheresaORCID, Minikin AndreasORCID, Minnett PeterORCID, Möller Gregor, Morfa Avalos Yanmichel, Muller Caroline, Musat Ionela, Napoli Anna, Neuberger Almuth, Noisel Christophe, Noone David C, Nordsiek Freja, Nowak Jakub LORCID, Oswald Lothar, Parker Douglas J.ORCID, Peck Carolyn, Person Roland, Philippi Miriam, Plueddemann Albert J., Pöhlker Christopher, Pörtge Veronika, Pöschl Ulrich, Pologne Lawrence, Posyniak MichalORCID, Prange Marc, Quiñones Meléndez Estefanía, Radtke Jule, Ramage Karim, Reimann Jens, Renault LionelORCID, Reus Klaus, Reyes Ashford, Ribbe Joachim, Ringel Maximilian, Ritschel Markus, Rocha Cesar BarbedoORCID, Rochetin Nicolas, Röttenbacher Johannes, Rollo CallumORCID, Royer Haley, Sadoulet Pauline, Saffin Leo, Sandiford Sanola, Sandu IrinaORCID, Schäfer Michael, Schemann Vera, Schirmacher Imke, Schlenczek Oliver, Schmidt Jerome, Schröder Marcel, Schwarzenboeck Alfons, Sealy Andrea, Senff Christoph J, Serikov Ilya, Shohan Samkeyat, Siddle Elizabeth, Smirnov AlexanderORCID, Späth Florian, Spooner Branden, Stolla M. Katharina, Szkólka Wojciech, De Szoeke Simon P.ORCID, Tarot Stephane, Tetoni Eleni, Thompson Elizabeth JORCID, Thomson JimORCID, Tomassini LorenzoORCID, Totems Julien, Ubele Alma Anna, Villiger Leonie, Von Arx Jan, Wagner Thomas, Walther AndiORCID, Webber Benjamin G. M.ORCID, Wendisch ManfredORCID, Whitehall Shanice, Wiltshire Anton, Wing Allison A.ORCID, Wirth Martin, Wiskandt JonathanORCID, Wolf Kevin, Worbes Ludwig, Wright Ethan, Wulfmeyer VolkerORCID, Young Shanea, Zhang CongORCID, Zhang DongxiaoORCID, Ziemen Florian, Zinner Tobias, Zöger Martin
Source Earth and Space Science (2333-5084) (Wiley) In Press
DOI 10.1002/essoar.10504890.1
Abstract

The science guiding the \EURECA campaign and its measurements are presented. \EURECA comprised roughly five weeks of measurements in the downstream winter trades of the North Atlantic — eastward and south-eastward of Barbados. Through its ability to characterize processes operating across a wide range of scales, \EURECA marked a turning point in our ability to observationally study factors influencing clouds in the trades, how they will respond to warming, and their link to other components of the earth system, such as upper-ocean processes or, or the life-cycle of particulate matter. This characterization was made possible by thousands (2500) of sondes distributed to measure circulations on meso (200 km) and larger (500 km) scales, roughly four hundred hours of flight time by four heavily instrumented research aircraft, four global-ocean class research vessels, an advanced ground-based cloud observatory, a flotilla of autonomous or tethered measurement devices operating in the upper ocean (nearly 10000 profiles), lower atmosphere (continuous profiling), and along the air-sea interface, a network of water stable isotopologue measurements, complemented by special programmes of satellite remote sensing and modeling with a new generation of weather/climate models. In addition to providing an outline of the novel measurements and their composition into a unified and coordinated campaign, the six distinct scientific facets that \EURECA explored — from Brazil Ring Current Eddies to turbulence induced clustering of cloud droplets and its influence on warm-rain formation — are presented along with an overview \EURECA’s outreach activities, environmental impact, and guidelines for scientific practice.

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Stevens Bjorn, Bony Sandrine, Farrell David, Ament Felix, Blyth Alan M., Fairall Christopher W., Karstensen Johannes, Quinn Patricia K., Speich Sabrina, Acquistapace Claudia, Aemisegger Franziska, Albright Anna Lea, Bellenger Hugo, Bodenschatz Eberhard, Caesar Kathy-Ann, Chewitt-Lucas Rebecca, De Boer Gijs, Delanoë Julien, Denby Leif Christopher, Ewald Florian, Fildier Benjamin, Forde Marvin, George Geet, Gross Silke, Hagen Martin, Hausold Andrea, Heywood Karen J., Hirsch Lutz, Jacob Marek, Jansen Friedhelm, Kinne Stefan, Klocke Daniel, Kölling Tobias, Konow Heike, Lothon Marie, Mohr Wiebke, Naumann Ann Kristin, Nuijens Louise, Olivier Léa, Pincus Robert, Pöhlker Mira L., Reverdin Gilles, Roberts Gregory, Schnitt Sabrina, Schulz Hauke, Siebesma Pier, Stephan Caroline, Sullivan Peter P, Touzé-Peiffer Ludovic, Vial Jessica, Vogel Raphaela, Zuidema Paquita, Alexander Nicola, Alves Lyndon, Arixi Sophian, Asmath Hamish, Bagheri Gholamhossein, Baier Katharina, Bailey Adriana, Baranowski Dariusz B., Baron Aurelie, Barrau Sébastien, Barrett Paul Alan, Batier Frédéric, Behrendt Andreas, Bendinger Arne, Beucher Florent, Bigorre Sebastien, Blades Edmund, Blossey P, Bock Olivier, Boeing Steven J, Bosser Pierre, Bourras Denis, Bouruet-Aubertot Pascale, Bower Keith, Branellec Pierre, Branger Hubert, Brennek Michal, Brewer Alan, Brilouet Pierre Etienne, Brügmann Björn, Buehler Stefan Alexander, Burke Elmo, Burton Ralph, Calmer Radiance, Canonici Jean-Christophe, Carton Xavier, Cato Gregory, Charles Jude Andre, Chazette Patrick, Chen Yanxu, Chilinski Michal T, Choularton Tom, Chuang Patrick Y., Clarke Shamal, Coe Hugh, Cornet Cas, Coutris Pierre, Couvreux Fleur, Crewell Susanne, Cronin Timothy Wallace, Cui Zhiqiang, Cuypers Yannis, Daley Alton, Damerell Gillian Mary, Dauhut Thibaut, Deneke Hartwig M, Desbios Jean-Philippe, Dörner Steffen, Donner Sebastian, Douet Vincent, Drushka Kyla, Dütsch Marina, Ehrlich André, Emanual Kerry, Emmanouilidis Alexandros, Etienne Jean-Claude, Etienne-Leblanc Sheryl, Faure Ghislain, Feingold Graham, Ferrero Luca, Fix Andreas, Flamant Cyrille, Flatau Piotr J., Foltz Gregory R., Forster Linda, Furtuna Iulian, Gadian Alan, Galewsky Joseph, Gallagher Martin, Gallimore Peter, Gaston Cassandra J., Gentemann Chelle, Geyskens Nicolas, Giez Andreas, Gollop John, Gouirand Isabelle, Gourbeyre Christophe, De Graaf Dörte, De Groot Geiske E., Grosz Robert, Güttler Johannes, Gutleben Manuel, Hall Kashawn, Harris George, Helfer Kevin Christopher, Henze Dean, Herbert Calvert, Holanda Bruna, Ibanez-Landeta Antonio, Intrieri Janet M., Iyer Suneil, Julien Fabrice, Kalesse Heike, Kazil Jan, Kellman Alexander, Kidane Abiel T., Kirchner Ulrike, Klingebiel Marcus, Körner Mareike, Kremper Leslie Ann, Kretzschmar Jan, Krüger Ovid, Kumala Wojciech, Kurz Armin, L'Hégaret Pierre, Labaste Matthieu, Lachlan-Cope Tom A., Laing Arlene, Landschützer Peter, Lang Theresa, Lange Vega Diego, Lange Ingo, Laplace Clément, Lavik Gaute, Laxenaire Rémi, Le Bihan Caroline, Leandro Mason, Lefèvre Nathalie, Lena Marius, Leschow Donald, Li Qiang, Lloyd Gary, Los Sebastian, Losi Niccolò, Lovell Oscar, Luneau Christopher, Makuch Przemyslaw, Malinowski Szymon P, Manta Gaston, Marinou Eleni, Marsden Nicholas, Masson Sebastien, Maury Nicolas, Mayer Bernhard, Mayers-Als Margarette, Mazel Christophe, McGeary Wayne, McWilliams James C., Mech Mario, Mehlmann Melina, Meroni Agostino Niyonkuru, Mieslinger Theresa, Minikin Andreas, Minnett Peter, Möller Gregor, Morfa Avalos Yanmichel, Muller Caroline, Musat Ionela, Napoli Anna, Neuberger Almuth, Noisel Christophe, Noone David C, Nordsiek Freja, Nowak Jakub L, Oswald Lothar, Parker Douglas J., Peck Carolyn, Person Roland, Philippi Miriam, Plueddemann Albert J., Pöhlker Christopher, Pörtge Veronika, Pöschl Ulrich, Pologne Lawrence, Posyniak Michal, Prange Marc, Quiñones Meléndez Estefanía, Radtke Jule, Ramage Karim, Reimann Jens, Renault Lionel, Reus Klaus, Reyes Ashford, Ribbe Joachim, Ringel Maximilian, Ritschel Markus, Rocha Cesar Barbedo, Rochetin Nicolas, Röttenbacher Johannes, Rollo Callum, Royer Haley, Sadoulet Pauline, Saffin Leo, Sandiford Sanola, Sandu Irina, Schäfer Michael, Schemann Vera, Schirmacher Imke, Schlenczek Oliver, Schmidt Jerome, Schröder Marcel, Schwarzenboeck Alfons, Sealy Andrea, Senff Christoph J, Serikov Ilya, Shohan Samkeyat, Siddle Elizabeth, Smirnov Alexander, Späth Florian, Spooner Branden, Stolla M. Katharina, Szkólka Wojciech, De Szoeke Simon P., Tarot Stephane, Tetoni Eleni, Thompson Elizabeth J, Thomson Jim, Tomassini Lorenzo, Totems Julien, Ubele Alma Anna, Villiger Leonie, Von Arx Jan, Wagner Thomas, Walther Andi, Webber Benjamin G. M., Wendisch Manfred, Whitehall Shanice, Wiltshire Anton, Wing Allison A., Wirth Martin, Wiskandt Jonathan, Wolf Kevin, Worbes Ludwig, Wright Ethan, Wulfmeyer Volker, Young Shanea, Zhang Cong, Zhang Dongxiao, Ziemen Florian, Zinner Tobias, Zöger Martin EUREC4A. Earth and Space Science IN PRESS. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1002/essoar.10504890.1 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00662/77410/