EUREC4A

Type Article
Date 2021-08
Language English
Author(s) Stevens Bjorn1, Bony Sandrine2, Farrell David3, Ament Felix1, 4, Blyth Alan5, Fairall Christopher6, Karstensen Johannes7, Quinn Patricia K.8, Speich Sabrina9, Acquistapace Claudia10, Aemisegger Franziska11, Albright Anna Lea2, Bellenger Hugo2, Bodenschatz Eberhard12, Caesar Kathy-Ann3, Chewitt-Lucas Rebecca3, de Boer Gijs6, 13, Delanoe Julien14, Denby Leif15, Ewald Florian16, Fildier Benjamin9, Forde Marvin3, George Geet1, Gross Silke16, Hagen Martin16, Hausold Andrea16, Heywood Karen J.17, Hirsch Lutz1, Jacob Marek10, Jansen Friedhelm1, Kinne Stefan1, Klocke Daniel18, Kolling Tobias1, 19, Konow Heike4, Lothon Marie20, Mohr Wiebke21, Naumann Ann Kristin1, 22, Nuijens Louise23, Olivier Lea24, Pincus Robert6, 13, Pohlker Mira25, Reverdin Gilles24, Roberts Gregory26, 27, Schnitt Sabrina10, Schulz Hauke1, Siebesma A. Pier23, Stephan Claudia Christine1, Sullivan Peter28, Touze-Peiffer Ludovic2, Vial Jessica2, Vogel Raphaela2, Zuidema Paquita16, 29, Alexander Nicola3, Alves Lyndon30, Arixi Sophian26, Asmath Hamish31, Bagheri Gholamhossein12, Baier Katharina1, Bailey Adriana28, Baranowski Dariusz32, Baron Alexandre33, Barrau Sebastien26, Barrett Paul A.34, Batier Frederic35, Behrendt Andreas36, Bendinger Arne7, Beucher Florent26, Bigorre Sebastien37, Blades Edmund38, Blossey Peter39, Bock Olivier40, Boing Steven15, Bosser Pierre41, Bourras Denis42, Bouruet-Aubertot Pascale24, Bower Keith43, Branellec Pierre44, Branger Hubert45, Brennek Michal46, Brewer Alan47, Brilouet Pierre Etienne20, Brugmann Bjorn1, Buehler Stefan A.4, Burke Elmo48, Burton Ralph5, Calmer Radiance13, Canonici Jean-Christophe49, Carton Xavier50, Cato Gregory, Jr.51, Charles Jude Andre52, Chazette Patrick33, Chen Yanxu9, Chilinski Michal T.46, Choularton Thomas43, Chuang Patrick53, Clarke Shamal54, Coe Hugh43, Cornet Celine55, Coutris Pierre56, Couvreux Fleur26, Crewell Susanne10, Cronin Timothy57, Cui Zhiqiang15, Cuypers Yannis24, Daley Alton3, Damerell Gillian M.17, Dauhut Thibaut1, Deneke Hartwig58, Desbios Jean-Philippe49, Dorner Steffen25, Donner Sebastian25, Douet Vincent59, Drushka Kyla60, Dutsch Marina61, 62, Ehrlich Andre63, Emanuel Kerry57, Emmanouilidis Alexandros63, Etienne Jean-Claude26, Etienne-Leblanc Sheryl64, Faure Ghislain26, Feingold Graham47, Ferrero Luca65, Fix Andreas16, Flamant Cyrille66, Flatau Piotr Jacek27, Foltz Gregory R.67, Forster Linda19, Furtuna Iulian68, Gadian Alan15, Galewsky Joseph69, Gallagher Martin43, Gallimore Peter43, Gaston Cassandra29, Gentemann Chelle70, Geyskens Nicolas71, Giez Andreas16, Gollop John72, Gouirand Isabelle73, Gourbeyre Christophe56, de Graaf Dorte1, de Groot Geiske E.23, Grosz Robert46, Guttler Johannes12, Gutleben Manuel16, Hall Kashawn3, Harris George74, Helfer Kevin C.23, Henze Dean75, Herbert Calvert74, Holanda Bruna25, Ibanez-Landeta Antonio12, Intrieri Janet76, Iyer Suneil60, Julien Fabrice26, Kalesse Heike63, Kazil Jan13, 47, Kellman Alexander72, Kidane Abiel T.21, Kirchner Ulrike1, Klingebiel Marcus1, Korner Mareike7, Kremper Leslie Ann25, Kretzschmar Jan63, Kruger Ovid25, Kumala Wojciech46, Kurz Armin16, L'Hegaret Pierre77, Labaste Matthieu24, Lachlan-Cope Tom78, Laing Arlene79, Landschutzer Peter1, Lang Theresa1, 22, Lange Diego36, Lange Ingo4, Laplace Clement80, Lavik Gauke21, Laxenaire Remi81, Le Bihan Caroline44, Leandro Mason53, Lefevre Nathalie24, Lena Marius68, Lenschow Donald28, Li Qiang16, Lloyd Gary43, Los Sebastian69, Losi Niccolo82, Lovell Oscar83, Luneau Christopher84, Makuch Przemyslaw85, Malinowski Szymon46, Manta Gaston9, Marinou Eleni16, 86, Marsden Nicholas43, Masson Sebastien24, Maury Nicolas26, Mayer Bernhard19, Mayers-Als Margarette3, Mazel Christophe87, McGeary Wayne3, 88, McWilliams James C.89, Mech Mario10, Mehlmann Melina7, Meroni Agostino Niyonkuru90, Mieslinger Theresa1, 4, Minikin Andreas16, Minnett Peter29, Moller Gregor19, Avalos Yanmichel Morfa1, Muller Caroline9, Musat Ionela2, Napoli Anna90, Neuberger Almuth1, Noisel Christophe24, Noone David91, Nordsiek Freja12, Nowak Jakub L.46, Oswald Lothar16, Parker Douglas J.15, Peck Carolyn92, Person Renaud24, 93, Philippi Miriam21, Plueddemann Albert37, Pohlker Christopher25, Portge Veronika19, Poschl Ulrich25, Pologne Lawrence3, Posyniak Michal32, Prange Marc4, Melendez Estefania Quinones75, Radtke Jule1, 22, Ramage Karim59, Reimann Jens16, Renault Lionel89, 94, Reus Klaus7, Reyes Ashford3, Ribbe Joachim95, Ringel Maximilian1, Ritschel Markus1, Rocha Cesar B.96, Rochetin Nicolas9, Rottenbacher Johannes63, Rollo Callum17, Royer Haley29, Sadoulet Pauline26, Saffin Leo15, Sandiford Sanola3, Sandu Irina97, Schafer Michael63, Schemann Vera10, Schirmacher Imke4, Schlenczek Oliver12, Schmidt Jerome98, Schroder Marcel12, Schwarzenboeck Alfons56, Sealy Andrea3, Senff Christoph J.13, 47, Serikov Ilya1, Shohan Samkeyat63, Siddle Elizabeth17, Smirnov Alexander99, Spath Florian36, Spooner Branden3, Stolla M. Katharina1, Szkolka Wojciech32, de Szoeke Simon P.75, Tarot Stephane44, Tetoni Eleni16, Thompson Elizabeth6, Thomson Jim60, Tomassini Lorenzo34, Totems Julien33, Ubele Alma Anna25, Villiger Leonie11, von Arx Jan21, Wagner Thomas25, Walther Andi100, Webber Ben17, Wendisch Manfred63, Whitehall Shanice3, Wiltshire Anton83, Wing Allison A.101, Wirth Martin16, Wiskandt Jonathan7, Wolf Kevin63, Worbes Ludwig1, Wright Ethan81, Wulfmeyer Volker36, Young Shanea2, Zhang Chidong8, Zhang Dongxiao8, 103, Ziemen Florian104, Zinner Tobias19, Zoger Martin16
Affiliation(s) 1 : Max Planck Inst Meteorol, Hamburg, Germany.
2 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LMD, IPSL, Paris, France.
3 : Caribbean Inst Meteorol & Hydrol, Bridgetown, Barbados.
4 : Univ Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany.
5 : Univ Leeds, Natl Ctr Atmospher Sci, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
6 : NOAA, Phys Sci Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
7 : GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Kiel, Germany.
8 : NOAA, PMEL, Seattle, WA USA.
9 : Ecole Normale Super, CNRS, LMD, IPSL, Paris, France.
10 : Univ Cologne, Inst Geophys & Meteorol, Cologne, Germany.
11 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Inst Atmospher & Climate Sci, Zurich, Switzerland.
12 : Max Planck Inst Dynam & Self Org, Gottingen, Germany.
13 : Univ Colorado, Cooperat Inst Res Environm Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA.
14 : Univ Versailles St Quentin Yvelines UVSQ, Univ Paris Saclay, LATMOS, IPSL, Guyancourt, France.
15 : Univ Leeds, Leeds, W Yorkshire, England.
16 : Deutsches Zentrum Luft & Raumfahrt, Oberpfaffenhofen, Germany.
17 : Univ East Anglia, Sch Environm Sci, Ctr Ocean & Atmospher Sci, Norwich, Norfolk, England.
18 : Deutsch Wetterdienst DWD, Hans Ertel Zentrum Wetterforsch, Offenbach, Germany.
19 : Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Munich, Germany.
20 : Univ Toulouse, CNRS, Lab Aerol, Toulouse, France.
21 : Max Planck Inst Marine Microbiol, Bremen, Germany.
22 : Univ Hamburg, Meteorol Inst, Ctr Earth Syst Res & Sustainabil, Hamburg, Germany.
23 : Delft Univ Technol, Delft, Netherlands.
24 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, IRD, LOCEAN,IPSL,MNHN,UMR7159, Paris, France.
25 : Max Planck Inst Chem, Mainz, Germany.
26 : Univ Toulouse, CNRS, CNRM, Meteo France, Toulouse, France.
27 : Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, San Diego, CA 92103 USA.
28 : Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 USA.
29 : Univ Miami, Miami, FL USA.
30 : Hydrometeorol Serv, Georgetown, Guyana.
31 : Inst Marine Affairs, Chaguaramas, Trinidad Tobago.
32 : Polish Acad Sci, Inst Geophys, Warsaw, Poland.
33 : Univ Paris Saclay, CNRS, CEA, LSCE,IPSL,UVSQ, Gif Sur Yvette, France.
34 : Met Off, Exeter, Devon, England.
35 : Freder Batier Photog, Berlin, Germany.
36 : Univ Hohenheim, Inst Phys & Meteorol, Stuttgart, Germany.
37 : Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 USA.
38 : Queen Elizabeth Hosp, St Michael, Barbados.
39 : Univ Washington, Dept Atmospher Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
40 : Inst Phys Globe Paris IPGP, Paris, France.
41 : CNRS, ENSTA Bretagne, Lab STICC, Brest, France.
42 : Univ Toulon & Var, Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, IRD,MIO UM 110, Marseille, France.
43 : Univ Manchester, Manchester, Lancs, England.
44 : French Res Inst Exploitat Sea IFREMER, Brest, France.
45 : CNRS, Inst Rech Phenomenes Hors Equilibre IRPHE, AMU, ECM, Marseille, France.
46 : Univ Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland.
47 : NOAA, Chem Sci Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
48 : St Christopher Air & Sea Ports Author, Basseterre, St Kitts & Nevi.
49 : CNRS, Serv Avions Francais Instrumentes Rech Environm S, Meteo France, CNES, Cugnaux, France.
50 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, CNRS, IUEM, LOPS, Brest, France.
51 : St Vincent & Grenadines Meteorol Serv, Argyle, St Vincent.
52 : Grenada Meteorol Serv, St Georges, Grenada.
53 : Univ Calif Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 USA.
54 : Cayman Islands Natl Weather Serv, Grand Cayman, Cayman Islands.
55 : Univ Lille, CNRS, LOA, Lille, France.
56 : Univ Clermont Auvergne, CNRS, LAMP, Clermont Ferrand, France.
57 : MIT, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 USA.
58 : Leibniz Inst Tropospher Res, Leipzig, Germany.
59 : CNRS, IPSL, Paris, France.
60 : Univ Washington, Appl Phys Lab, Seattle, WA 98105 USA.
61 : Univ Washington, Dept Earth & Space Sci, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
62 : Univ Vienna, Dept Meteorol & Geophys, Vienna, Austria.
63 : Univ Leipzig, Leipzig Inst Meteorol, Leipzig, Germany.
64 : Meteorol Dept St Maarten, Simpson Bay, Sint Maarten.
65 : Univ Milano Bicocca, Gemma Ctr, Milan, Italy.
66 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, IPSL, LATMOS, Paris, France.
67 : NOAA, Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Miami, FL 33149 USA.
68 : Compania Fortuna, Sucy En Brie, France.
69 : Univ New Mexico, Dept Earth & Planetary Sci, Albuquerque, NM 87131 USA.
70 : Farallon Inst, Petaluma, CA USA.
71 : CNRS, DT INSU, Plouzane, France.
72 : Barbados Coast Guard, St Michael, Barbados.
73 : Univ West Indies, Cave Hill Campus, Cave Hill, Barbados.
74 : Reg Secur Syst, Christ Church, Barbados.
75 : Oregon State Univ, Coll Earth Ocean & Atmospher Sci, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA.
76 : NOAA, Earth Syst Res Lab, Boulder, CO USA.
77 : Univ Bretagne Occidentale, LOPS, Brest, France.
78 : British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, England.
79 : Caribbean Meteorol Org, Port Of Spain, Trinidad Tobago.
80 : Inst Pierre Simon Laplace IPSL, Paris, France.
81 : Florida State Univ, Ctr Ocean Atmospher Predict Studies, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA.
82 : Univ Milano Bicocca, Milan, Italy.
83 : Trinidad & Tobago Meteorol Serv, Piarco Trinidad, Trinidad Tobago.
84 : OSU Inst Pytheas, Marseille, France.
85 : Polish Acad Sci, Inst Oceanol, Sopot, Poland.
86 : Natl Observ Athens, Athens, Greece.
87 : Dronexsolution, Toulouse, France.
88 : Barbados Meteorol Serv, Christ Church, Barbados.
89 : Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Atmospher & Ocean Sci, Los Angeles, CA USA.
90 : CIMA Res Fdn, Savona, Italy.
91 : Univ Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.
92 : Meteorol Serv, Kingston, Jamaica.
93 : Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, IRD, MNHN,INRAE,ENS,OSU Ecce Terra,UMS 3455, Paris, France.
94 : Univ Toulouse, CNRS, LEGOS, IRD,CNES,UPS, Toulouse, France.
95 : Univ Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Qld, Australia.
96 : Univ Connecticut, Groton, CT USA.
97 : European Ctr Medium Range Weather Forecasts, Reading, Berks, England.
98 : Naval Res Lab, Monterey, CA USA.
99 : Sci Syst & Applicat Inc, Lanham, MD USA.
100 : Univ Wisconsin, Madison, WI USA.
101 : Florida State Univ, Dept Earth Ocean & Atmospher Sci, Tallahassee, FL 32306 USA.
102 : Natl Meteorol Serv Belize, Ladyville, Belize.
103 : Univ Washington, Cooperat Inst Climate Ocean & Ecosyst Studies, Seattle, WA 98195 USA.
104 : Deutsches Klimarechenzentrum GmbH, Hamburg, Germany.
Source Earth System Science Data (1866-3508) (Wiley), 2021-08 , Vol. 13 , N. 8 , P. 4067-4119
DOI 10.5194/essd-13-4067-2021
WOS© Times Cited 1
Note Elucidating the role of clouds–circulation coupling in climate: datasets from the 2020 (EUREC4A) field campaign Editor(s): Helene Brogniez, Silke Gross, Sebastiaan Swart, Lisan Yu, Gijs de Boer, and David Carlson Video supplement - EUREC4A film : https://youtu.be/PS8yVfRlfd4
Abstract

The science guiding the \EURECA campaign and its measurements are presented. \EURECA comprised roughly five weeks of measurements in the downstream winter trades of the North Atlantic — eastward and south-eastward of Barbados. Through its ability to characterize processes operating across a wide range of scales, \EURECA marked a turning point in our ability to observationally study factors influencing clouds in the trades, how they will respond to warming, and their link to other components of the earth system, such as upper-ocean processes or, or the life-cycle of particulate matter. This characterization was made possible by thousands (2500) of sondes distributed to measure circulations on meso (200 km) and larger (500 km) scales, roughly four hundred hours of flight time by four heavily instrumented research aircraft, four global-ocean class research vessels, an advanced ground-based cloud observatory, a flotilla of autonomous or tethered measurement devices operating in the upper ocean (nearly 10000 profiles), lower atmosphere (continuous profiling), and along the air-sea interface, a network of water stable isotopologue measurements, complemented by special programmes of satellite remote sensing and modeling with a new generation of weather/climate models. In addition to providing an outline of the novel measurements and their composition into a unified and coordinated campaign, the six distinct scientific facets that \EURECA explored — from Brazil Ring Current Eddies to turbulence induced clustering of cloud droplets and its influence on warm-rain formation — are presented along with an overview \EURECA’s outreach activities, environmental impact, and guidelines for scientific practice.

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Stevens Bjorn, Bony Sandrine, Farrell David, Ament Felix, Blyth Alan, Fairall Christopher, Karstensen Johannes, Quinn Patricia K., Speich Sabrina, Acquistapace Claudia, Aemisegger Franziska, Albright Anna Lea, Bellenger Hugo, Bodenschatz Eberhard, Caesar Kathy-Ann, Chewitt-Lucas Rebecca, de Boer Gijs, Delanoe Julien, Denby Leif, Ewald Florian, Fildier Benjamin, Forde Marvin, George Geet, Gross Silke, Hagen Martin, Hausold Andrea, Heywood Karen J., Hirsch Lutz, Jacob Marek, Jansen Friedhelm, Kinne Stefan, Klocke Daniel, Kolling Tobias, Konow Heike, Lothon Marie, Mohr Wiebke, Naumann Ann Kristin, Nuijens Louise, Olivier Lea, Pincus Robert, Pohlker Mira, Reverdin Gilles, Roberts Gregory, Schnitt Sabrina, Schulz Hauke, Siebesma A. Pier, Stephan Claudia Christine, Sullivan Peter, Touze-Peiffer Ludovic, Vial Jessica, Vogel Raphaela, Zuidema Paquita, Alexander Nicola, Alves Lyndon, Arixi Sophian, Asmath Hamish, Bagheri Gholamhossein, Baier Katharina, Bailey Adriana, Baranowski Dariusz, Baron Alexandre, Barrau Sebastien, Barrett Paul A., Batier Frederic, Behrendt Andreas, Bendinger Arne, Beucher Florent, Bigorre Sebastien, Blades Edmund, Blossey Peter, Bock Olivier, Boing Steven, Bosser Pierre, Bourras Denis, Bouruet-Aubertot Pascale, Bower Keith, Branellec Pierre, Branger Hubert, Brennek Michal, Brewer Alan, Brilouet Pierre Etienne, Brugmann Bjorn, Buehler Stefan A., Burke Elmo, Burton Ralph, Calmer Radiance, Canonici Jean-Christophe, Carton Xavier, Cato Gregory, Jr., Charles Jude Andre, Chazette Patrick, Chen Yanxu, Chilinski Michal T., Choularton Thomas, Chuang Patrick, Clarke Shamal, Coe Hugh, Cornet Celine, Coutris Pierre, Couvreux Fleur, Crewell Susanne, Cronin Timothy, Cui Zhiqiang, Cuypers Yannis, Daley Alton, Damerell Gillian M., Dauhut Thibaut, Deneke Hartwig, Desbios Jean-Philippe, Dorner Steffen, Donner Sebastian, Douet Vincent, Drushka Kyla, Dutsch Marina, Ehrlich Andre, Emanuel Kerry, Emmanouilidis Alexandros, Etienne Jean-Claude, Etienne-Leblanc Sheryl, Faure Ghislain, Feingold Graham, Ferrero Luca, Fix Andreas, Flamant Cyrille, Flatau Piotr Jacek, Foltz Gregory R., Forster Linda, Furtuna Iulian, Gadian Alan, Galewsky Joseph, Gallagher Martin, Gallimore Peter, Gaston Cassandra, Gentemann Chelle, Geyskens Nicolas, Giez Andreas, Gollop John, Gouirand Isabelle, Gourbeyre Christophe, de Graaf Dorte, de Groot Geiske E., Grosz Robert, Guttler Johannes, Gutleben Manuel, Hall Kashawn, Harris George, Helfer Kevin C., Henze Dean, Herbert Calvert, Holanda Bruna, Ibanez-Landeta Antonio, Intrieri Janet, Iyer Suneil, Julien Fabrice, Kalesse Heike, Kazil Jan, Kellman Alexander, Kidane Abiel T., Kirchner Ulrike, Klingebiel Marcus, Korner Mareike, Kremper Leslie Ann, Kretzschmar Jan, Kruger Ovid, Kumala Wojciech, Kurz Armin, L'Hegaret Pierre, Labaste Matthieu, Lachlan-Cope Tom, Laing Arlene, Landschutzer Peter, Lang Theresa, Lange Diego, Lange Ingo, Laplace Clement, Lavik Gauke, Laxenaire Remi, Le Bihan Caroline, Leandro Mason, Lefevre Nathalie, Lena Marius, Lenschow Donald, Li Qiang, Lloyd Gary, Los Sebastian, Losi Niccolo, Lovell Oscar, Luneau Christopher, Makuch Przemyslaw, Malinowski Szymon, Manta Gaston, Marinou Eleni, Marsden Nicholas, Masson Sebastien, Maury Nicolas, Mayer Bernhard, Mayers-Als Margarette, Mazel Christophe, McGeary Wayne, McWilliams James C., Mech Mario, Mehlmann Melina, Meroni Agostino Niyonkuru, Mieslinger Theresa, Minikin Andreas, Minnett Peter, Moller Gregor, Avalos Yanmichel Morfa, Muller Caroline, Musat Ionela, Napoli Anna, Neuberger Almuth, Noisel Christophe, Noone David, Nordsiek Freja, Nowak Jakub L., Oswald Lothar, Parker Douglas J., Peck Carolyn, Person Renaud, Philippi Miriam, Plueddemann Albert, Pohlker Christopher, Portge Veronika, Poschl Ulrich, Pologne Lawrence, Posyniak Michal, Prange Marc, Melendez Estefania Quinones, Radtke Jule, Ramage Karim, Reimann Jens, Renault Lionel, Reus Klaus, Reyes Ashford, Ribbe Joachim, Ringel Maximilian, Ritschel Markus, Rocha Cesar B., Rochetin Nicolas, Rottenbacher Johannes, Rollo Callum, Royer Haley, Sadoulet Pauline, Saffin Leo, Sandiford Sanola, Sandu Irina, Schafer Michael, Schemann Vera, Schirmacher Imke, Schlenczek Oliver, Schmidt Jerome, Schroder Marcel, Schwarzenboeck Alfons, Sealy Andrea, Senff Christoph J., Serikov Ilya, Shohan Samkeyat, Siddle Elizabeth, Smirnov Alexander, Spath Florian, Spooner Branden, Stolla M. Katharina, Szkolka Wojciech, de Szoeke Simon P., Tarot Stephane, Tetoni Eleni, Thompson Elizabeth, Thomson Jim, Tomassini Lorenzo, Totems Julien, Ubele Alma Anna, Villiger Leonie, von Arx Jan, Wagner Thomas, Walther Andi, Webber Ben, Wendisch Manfred, Whitehall Shanice, Wiltshire Anton, Wing Allison A., Wirth Martin, Wiskandt Jonathan, Wolf Kevin, Worbes Ludwig, Wright Ethan, Wulfmeyer Volker, Young Shanea, Zhang Chidong, Zhang Dongxiao, Ziemen Florian, Zinner Tobias, Zoger Martin (2021). EUREC4A. Earth System Science Data, 13(8), 4067-4119. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-13-4067-2021 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00662/77410/