Levels and trends of synthetic musks in marine bivalves from French coastal areas

Type Article
Date 2021-04
Language English
Author(s) Aminot YannORCID1, Munschy Catherine1, Héas-Moisan Karine1, Pollono Charles1, Tixier Celine1
Affiliation(s) 1 : IFREMER (Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer), Laboratory of Biogeochemistry of Organic Contaminants, Rue de l’Ile d’Yeu, BP 21105, Nantes Cedex 3, 44311, France
Source Chemosphere (0045-6535) (Elsevier BV), 2021-04 , Vol. 268 , P. 129312 (10p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2020.129312
WOS© Times Cited 8
Keyword(s) Coastal marine environment, Bioaccumulation, Shellfish, Personal care products (PCPs), Galaxolide, Tonalide

The levels and trends of four bioaccumulative synthetic musks (galaxolide - HHCB, tonalide - AHTN, musk xylene - MX and musk ketone - MK) were investigated in filter-feeding bivalves collected yearly since 2010 at sites of contrasted pressure along the French coasts. Quantification rates were high for all 4 compounds (85-99%), indicating their geographical and temporal extensive occurrence in the French coastal environment. The polycyclic musks HHCB and AHTN prevailed, with median concentrations of 2.27 ng g-1 dw and of 0.724 ng g-1 dw, whilst nitromusks were found 1 to 2 orders of magnitude lower. These levels were in the high range of those encountered for various other CEC families at the same sites and comparable to those from other locations on European coasts. Unlike for the other musks, the accumulation of HHCB was evidenced to be species-specific, with significantly lower levels found in oysters in comparison with mussels, possibly suggesting a higher metabolization in oysters. Geographical differences in musk distribution highlighted the sites under strong anthropogenic pressures and these differences were found to be consistent between years. The HHCB/AHTN ratio proved to be discriminant to explain the relative occurrence of polycyclic musks. The 8-year time series showed that only the now-banned compound MX displayed a significant decrease in most sites, whilst stable concentrations of the other musks suggested consistency in their usage over the last decade. These results provide reference data for future studies of the occurrence of personal care products on European coasts.

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