Genetic connectivity of the coral-eating sea star Acanthaster planci during the severe outbreak of 2006-2009 in the Society Islands, French Polynesia
|Author(s)||Yasuda Nina1, 2, Taquet Coralie3, Nagai Satoshi4, Yoshida Terutoyo2, Adjeroud Mehdi5, 6|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : Miyazaki Univ, Org Promot Tenure Track, Gakuen Kibanadai Nishi-1-1 S207, Miyazaki 8892192, Japan.
2 : Miyazaki Univ, Dept Marine Biol & Environm Sci, Fac Agr, Miyazaki 8892192, Japan.
3 : Univ Polynesie Francaise, UMR Ecosyst Insulaires Oceaniens 241, Tahiti, France.
4 : Natl Res Inst Fisheries Sci, Res Ctr Aquat Genom, Yokohama, Kanagawa, Japan.
5 : Observ Oceanol Banyuls, Inst Rech Dev, Unite Biocomplexite Ecosyst Coralliens Indopacifi, Banyuls Sur Mer, France.
6 : Ctr IRD Noumea, Lab Excellence CORAIL, CoReUs UR 227, Noumea, New Caledonia.
|Source||Marine Ecology-an Evolutionary Perspective (0173-9565) (Wiley), 2015-09 , Vol. 36 , N. 3 , P. 668-678|
|WOS© Times Cited||15|
|Keyword(s)||Acanthaster planci, coral reefs, microsatellite loci, mtDNA, population genetic structure|
Occasional population outbreaks of the crown-of-thorns sea star, Acanthaster planci, are a major threat to coral reefs across the Indo-Pacific. The presumed association between the serial nature of these outbreaks and the long larval dispersal phase makes it important to estimate larval dispersal; many studies have examined the population genetic structure of A.planci for this purpose using different genetic markers. However, only a few have focused on reef-scale as well as archipelago-scale genetic structure and none has used a combination of different genetic markers with different effective population sizes. In our study, we used both mtDNA and microsatellite loci to examine A.planci population genetic structure at multiple spatial scales (from <2km to almost 300km) within and among four islands of the Society Archipelago, French Polynesia. Our analysis detected no significant genetic structure based on mtDNA (global F-ST=-0.007, P=0.997) and low levels of genetic structure using microsatellite loci (global F-ST=0.006, P=0.005). We found no significant isolation by distance patterns within the study area for either genetic marker. The overall genetically homogenized pattern found in both the mitochondrial and nuclear loci of A.planci in the Society Archipelago underscores the significant role of larval dispersal that may cause secondary outbreaks, as well as possible recent colonization in this area.