Estimation of the salt storage and the salt content in the Gulf of Suez
|Author(s)||Gad Mohamed1, Eid Fahmy2, El-Din Sayed Sharaf2, Radwan Ahmed3, Soliman Girgis1|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Suez and Aqaba Gulfs Branch, Suez, egypt
2 : Oceanography Department, Faculty of Science, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
3 : National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries, Mediterranean Sea Branch, Alexandria, Egypt
|Source||Journal of King Abdulaziz University : Marine Sciences (1012-8840) (King Abdulaziz University), 2019 , Vol. 29 , N. 1 , P. 37-51|
|Keyword(s)||Gulf of Suez, Salt storage, Salt content.|
This paper aims at evaluating the salt storage and the salt content in the Gulf of Suez over the 1889 to 2011 period using available hydrographic data. Unfortunately, neither the salt storage nor the salt content has been computed in the Gulf through any former survey; consequently, the current study may be considered as the first endeavor to conduct these research topics in that region. The results revealed that the salt storage decreased over the year-round from the north to the south where its maxima were found at the head of the Gulf; however, its minima were located at the entrance of the Gulf. In spite of its pronounced increase with depth in winter and most spring along the Gulf, the salt storage lowered generally with depth in summer over there. On the one hand, the salt content reached its maximum value of approximately 3.5589 (109 ton) in the middle part of the Gulf in December within the water column of 50 m depth; but on the other, the salt content per unit volume attained its highest one of almost 43.8979 kg/m3 in the extreme northern part of the Gulf in October within the same water column.