Method for classifying EUSeaMap according to the new version of EUNIS, HELCOM HUB and the Mediterranean habitat types
|Ref.||D1.06 and D1.10. EASME/EMFF/2018/220.127.116.11/Lot2/SI2.810241– EMODnet Thematic Lot n° 2 – Seabed Habitats|
|Author(s)||Vasquez Mickael3, Agnesi Sabrina5, Al Hamdani Zyad2, Annunziatellis Aldo5, Castle Lewis6, Laamanen Leena7, Lillis Helen6, Manca Eleonora6, Mo Giulia5, Muresan Mihaela1, Nikolova Christina6, Ridgeway Amy6, Teaca Adrian1, Todorova Valentina4, Tunesi Leonardo5|
|Affiliation(s)||1 : National Institute of Research and Development for Marine Geology and Geoecology (“GeoEcoMar”), 23-25 Dimitrie Onciul Street, Sector 2, RO-024053, Bucharest, Romania
2 : Geological Survey of Denmark and Greenland (”GEUS”). Øster Voldgade 10, 1350, Copenhagen K, Denmark
3 : Institut Français de Recherche pour l’Exploitation de la Mer (“Ifremer”), 1625 route de Sainte-Anne, Zone industrielle de la Pointe du Diable, 29280 Plouzané, France
4 : Institute of Oceanology, Bulgarian Academy of Science (“IO-BAS”), First May Str 40, 9000 Varna, Bulgaria
5 : Italian National Institute for Environmental Protection and Research (“ISPRA”), Via Vitaliano Brancati, 48 – 00144 – Roma – Italy
6 : JNCC Support Co (“JNCC”), Monkstone House, City Road, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, PE1 1JY, UK
7 : Finnish Environment Institute (“SYKE”), Mechelininkatu 34a, P.O. Box 140, 00251 Helsinki, Finland
The need for maps of the seabed has become increasingly urgent in recent years for a wide range of reasons and uses, including reporting on the state of the marine environment to implement EU policies such as the MSFD. In ten years, the EMODnet Seabed Habitats initiative has produced maps for all European marine regions, where input data allowed, the resultant seabed habitat maps are known collectively as ”EUSeaMap”. With products such as EUSeaMap, it is assumed that mapping the broad habitat types defined in seabed habitat classifications (e.g. EUNIS) provides appropriate proxies for the occurrence of the species or communities of species that occupy them.
In addition to being released in EUNIS 2007-2011 and the MSFD Broad Benthic Habitat Types, the next version of EUSeaMap (expected in September 2021) will be released in three classifications, namely EUNIS 2019 (the new version of EUNIS), and the regional classifications HELCOM HUB and the Mediterranean habitat types.
This report proposes crosswalks between EUSeaMap modelled broad habitat types and the three classifications, and briefly discusses the opportunities/challenges entailed by the crosswalks. Our conclusion is that no major issue is expected for the translation of EUSeaMap into these classifications. We also argue that in EUNIS 2019 there are gaps at biotope levels, particularly in the Black Sea and the Arctic, and that measures should be taken to address these gaps.