Marine spatial planning and the risk of ocean grabbing in the tropical Atlantic

Type Article
Acceptance Date 2021-02 IN PRESS
Language English
Author(s) Queffelec BettyORCID1, Bonnin MarieORCID2, Ferreira Beatrice3, Bertrand Sophie4, Teles Da Silva Solange5, Diouf Fatou6, Trouillet Brice7, Cudennec Annie8, Brunel Adrien9, Billant Odeline10, Toonen Hilde11, Flannery Wesley
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, IUEM, Plouzane F-29280, France
2 : IRD, Univ Brest, CNRS, Ifremer, LEMAR, Plouzane F-29280, France
3 : Departamento de Oceanografia, Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil
4 : IRD, Marbec (Université de Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer, IRD), Sète, France
5 : Mackenzie Presbyterian University, Sao Paulo, Brazil
6 : Université Cheickh Anta Diop, Dakar, Sénégal
7 : Université de Nantes, CNRS, UMR LETG, Nantes, France
8 : Univ Brest, Ifremer, CNRS, UMR 6308, AMURE, IUEM, Plouzane F-29280, France
9 : IRD, Marbec (Université de Montpellier, CNRS, Ifremer, IRD), Sète, France
10 : Univ Brest, CNRS, IRD, Ifremer, LEMAR, Plouzane F-29280, France
11 : Environmental Policy Group, Wageningen University, Wageningen, Netherlands
Source ICES Journal of Marine Science (1054-3139) (Oxford University Press (OUP)) In Press
DOI 10.1093/icesjms/fsab006
Keyword(s) Brazil, fisheries, maritime spatial planning, ocean grabbing, Senegal, stakeholders, tropical Atlantic

Ocean grabbing occurs when traditional users, such as small-scale fishers, are pushed aside by new development activities. This grabbing must be prevented to avoid sea uses that maintain or increase social inequity. In this paper, we show that in tropical Atlantic countries, such as Brazil and Senegal, examples of ocean grabbing already occur. In this context, we analyse if Maritime Spatial Planning (MSP) may be an opportunity to limit ocean grabbing or, to the contrary, poses a risk to increase it. MSP calls for an ecosystem approach that requires integrated coastal and marine management and involves stakeholders in developing a shared vision of the future, where society and environment are preserved. However, recent studies have shown that MSP is a process to be used cautiously to ensure equitable decisions. Meanwhile, the concept is spreading worldwide including in tropical Atlantic countries. We highlight that context matters and the specificities of the tropical Atlantic must be taken into account when deploying MSP processes. In the tropical Atlantic context, there is increased imbalances of stakeholder power, traps from decision support tools, and a need for adaptive management. These specific features must be addressed when deploying MSP in a way to avoid ocean grabbing.

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Queffelec Betty, Bonnin Marie, Ferreira Beatrice, Bertrand Sophie, Teles Da Silva Solange, Diouf Fatou, Trouillet Brice, Cudennec Annie, Brunel Adrien, Billant Odeline, Toonen Hilde, Flannery Wesley Marine spatial planning and the risk of ocean grabbing in the tropical Atlantic. ICES Journal of Marine Science IN PRESS. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :