The AlpArray Seismic Network: A Large-Scale European Experiment to Image the Alpine Orogen

Type Article
Date 2018-09
Language English
Author(s) Hetenyi GyorgyORCID1, 2, 3, 4, Molinari IreneORCID2, Clinton JohnORCID3, Bokelmann Gotz5, Bondar IstvanORCID6, Crawford Wayne C.7, Dessa Jean-Xavier8, Doubre Cecile9, Friederich Wolfgang10, Fuchs FlorianORCID5, Giardini Domenico2, Graczer Zoltan6, Handy Mark R.11, Herak MarijanORCID12, Jia Yan13, Kissling Edi2, Kopp HeidrunORCID14, 15, Korn Michael16, Margheriti LuciaORCID17, Meier Thomas15, Mucciarelli Marco18, Paul Anne19, Pesaresi Damiano18, Piromallo ClaudiaORCID17, Plenefisch Thomas20, Plomerova Jaroslava21, Ritter Joachim22, Rumpker Georg23, Sipka Vesna24, Spallarossa Daniele25, Thomas ChristineORCID26, Tilmann Frederik11, 27, Wassermann Joachim28, Weber Michael27, 29, Weber ZoltanORCID6, Wesztergom Viktor4, Zivcic Mladen30, Abreu Rafael, Allegretti Ivo, Apoloner Maria-Theresia, Aubert Coralie, Besancon Simon, de Berc Maxime Bes, Brunel Didier, Capello Marco, Carman Martina, Cavaliere Adriano, Cheze Jerome, Chiarabba Claudio, Cougoulat Glenn, Cristiano LuigiaORCID, Czifra Tibor, D'Alema Ezio, Danesi StefaniaORCID, Daniel Romuald, Dannowski AnkeORCID, Dasovic IvaORCID, Deschamps AnneORCID, Egdorf Sven, Fiket Tomislav, Fischer Kasper, Funke Sigward, Govoni Aladino, Groschl Gidera, Heimers Stefan, Heit Ben, Herak Davorka, Huber Johann, Jaric Dejan, Jedlicka Petr, Jund Helene, Klingen Stefan, Klotz Bernhard, Kolinsky PetrORCID, Kotek Josef, Kuhne Lothar, Kuk Kreso, Lange DietrichORCID, Loos Jurgen, Lovati Sara, Malengros Deny, Maron Christophe, Martin Xavier, Massa Marco, Mazzarini FrancescoORCID, Metral Laurent, Moretti Milena, Munzarova Helena, Nardi Anna, Pahor Jurij, Pequegnat Catherine, Petersen FlorianORCID, Piccinini Davide, Pondrelli Silvia, Prevolnik Snjezan, Racine Roman, Regnier Marc, Reiss Miriam, Salimbeni SimoneORCID, Santulin Marco, Scherer Werner, Schippkus SvenORCID, Schulte-Kortnack Detlef, Solarino StefanoORCID, Spieker Kathrin, Stipcevic JosipORCID, Strollo Angelo, Sule Balint, Szanyi Gyongyver, Szucs EszterORCID, Thorwart Martin, Ueding Stefan, Vallocchia Massimiliano, Vecsey Ludek, Voigt Rene, Weidle Christian, Weyland Gauthier, Wiemer StefanORCID, Wolf Felix, Wolyniec David, Zieke Thomas
Affiliation(s) 1 : Univ Lausanne, UNIL Mouline Geopolis, Fac Geosci & Environm, Inst Earth Sci, CH-1015 Lausanne, Switzerland.
2 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Dept Earth Sci, Inst Geophys, Sonneggstr 5, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
3 : Swiss Fed Inst Technol, Swiss Seismol Serv, Sonneggstr 5, CH-8092 Zurich, Switzerland.
4 : Hungarian Acad Sci, Res Ctr Astron & Earth Sci, Geodet & Geophys Inst, H-9400 Sopron, Hungary.
5 : Univ Vienna, Dept Meteorol & Geophys, Althanstr 14, A-1090 Vienna, Austria.
6 : MTA CSFK GGI, Kovesligethy Rado Seismol Observ, Meredek U 18, H-1112 Budapest, Hungary.
7 : Univ Paris Diderot, UMR CNRS 7154, Sorbonne Paris Cite, Inst Phys Globe Paris, F-75238 Paris 05, France.
8 : Univ Cote dAzur, UPMC, CNRS, Observ Cote dAzur,IRD, 250 Rue Albert Einstein, F-06560 Valbonne, France.
9 : Univ Strasbourg, CNRS, EOST, Inst Phys Globe Strasbourg,UMR 7516, 5 Rue Rene Descartes, F-67084 Strasbourg, France.
10 : Ruhr Univ Bochum, Fac Geosci, Inst Geol Mineral & Geophys, D-44780 Bochum, Germany.
11 : Free Univ Berlin, Malteserstr 74-100, D-12249 Berlin, Germany.
12 : Univ Zagreb, Horvatovac 95, Zagreb 10000, Croatia.
13 : Zentralanstalt Meteorol & Geodynam, Hohe Warte 38, A-1190 Vienna, Austria.
14 : GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Wischhofstr 1-3, D-24148 Kiel, Germany.
15 : Christian Albrechts Univ Kiel, Otto Hahn Pl 1, D-24118 Kiel, Germany.
16 : Univ Leipzig, Talstr 35, D-04103 Leipzig, Germany.
17 : Ist Nazl Geofis & Vulcanol, Via Vigna Murata 605, I-00143 Rome, Italy.
18 : Ist Nazl Oceanog & Geofis Sperimentale, Via Treviso 55, I-33100 Udine, Italy.
19 : Univ Savoie Mt Blanc, Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IRD,IFSTTAR,ISTerre, F-38000 Grenoble, France.
20 : Geozentrum Hannover, Bundesanstalt Geowissensch & Rohstoffe, Stilleweg 2, D-30655 Hannover, Germany.
21 : Czech Acad Sci, Inst Geophys, Bocni 2 1401-1a, Prague 14131 4, Czech Republic.
22 : KIT, Geophys Inst, Hertzstr 16, D-76187 Karlsruhe, Germany.
23 : Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Geosci, Altenhoferallee 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany.
24 : Republ Hydrometeorol Serv Republ Srpska, Banja Luka 7800, Bosnia & Herceg.
25 : Univ Genoa, Dipartimento Sci Terra Ambiente & Vita, Corso Europa 26, I-16132 Genoa, Italy.
26 : Westfalische Wilhelms Univ Munster, Inst Geophys, Corrensstr 24, D-48149 Munster, Germany.
27 : Deutsch GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, Helmholtzzentrum Potsdam, D-14473 Potsdam, Germany.
28 : Ludwig Maximilians Univ Munchen, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, Theresienstr 41, D-80333 Munich, Germany.
29 : Univ Potsdam, Inst Earth & Environm Sci, Karl Liebknecht Str 24-25, D-14476 Potsdam, Germany.
30 : Slovenian Environm Agcy, Vojkova 1b, Ljubljana 1000, Slovenia.
Source Surveys In Geophysics (0169-3298) (Springer), 2018-09 , Vol. 39 , N. 5 , P. 1009-1033
DOI 10.1007/s10712-018-9472-4
WOS© Times Cited 67
Keyword(s) Seismology, Alps, Seismic network, Geodynamics, Seismic imaging, Mountain building
Abstract

The AlpArray programme is a multinational, European consortium to advance our understanding of orogenesis and its relationship to mantle dynamics, plate reorganizations, surface processes and seismic hazard in the Alps-Apennines-Carpathians-Dinarides orogenic system. The AlpArray Seismic Network has been deployed with contributions from 36 institutions from 11 countries to map physical properties of the lithosphere and asthenosphere in 3D and thus to obtain new, high-resolution geophysical images of structures from the surface down to the base of the mantle transition zone. With over 600 broadband stations operated for 2 years, this seismic experiment is one of the largest simultaneously operated seismological networks in the academic domain, employing hexagonal coverage with station spacing at less than 52 km. This dense and regularly spaced experiment is made possible by the coordinated coeval deployment of temporary stations from numerous national pools, including ocean-bottom seismometers, which were funded by different national agencies. They combine with permanent networks, which also required the cooperation of many different operators. Together these stations ultimately fill coverage gaps. Following a short overview of previous large-scale seismological experiments in the Alpine region, we here present the goals, construction, deployment, characteristics and data management of the AlpArray Seismic Network, which will provide data that is expected to be unprecedented in quality to image the complex Alpine mountains at depth.

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Hetenyi Gyorgy, Molinari Irene, Clinton John, Bokelmann Gotz, Bondar Istvan, Crawford Wayne C., Dessa Jean-Xavier, Doubre Cecile, Friederich Wolfgang, Fuchs Florian, Giardini Domenico, Graczer Zoltan, Handy Mark R., Herak Marijan, Jia Yan, Kissling Edi, Kopp Heidrun, Korn Michael, Margheriti Lucia, Meier Thomas, Mucciarelli Marco, Paul Anne, Pesaresi Damiano, Piromallo Claudia, Plenefisch Thomas, Plomerova Jaroslava, Ritter Joachim, Rumpker Georg, Sipka Vesna, Spallarossa Daniele, Thomas Christine, Tilmann Frederik, Wassermann Joachim, Weber Michael, Weber Zoltan, Wesztergom Viktor, Zivcic Mladen, Abreu Rafael, Allegretti Ivo, Apoloner Maria-Theresia, Aubert Coralie, Besancon Simon, de Berc Maxime Bes, Brunel Didier, Capello Marco, Carman Martina, Cavaliere Adriano, Cheze Jerome, Chiarabba Claudio, Cougoulat Glenn, Cristiano Luigia, Czifra Tibor, D'Alema Ezio, Danesi Stefania, Daniel Romuald, Dannowski Anke, Dasovic Iva, Deschamps Anne, Egdorf Sven, Fiket Tomislav, Fischer Kasper, Funke Sigward, Govoni Aladino, Groschl Gidera, Heimers Stefan, Heit Ben, Herak Davorka, Huber Johann, Jaric Dejan, Jedlicka Petr, Jund Helene, Klingen Stefan, Klotz Bernhard, Kolinsky Petr, Kotek Josef, Kuhne Lothar, Kuk Kreso, Lange Dietrich, Loos Jurgen, Lovati Sara, Malengros Deny, Maron Christophe, Martin Xavier, Massa Marco, Mazzarini Francesco, Metral Laurent, Moretti Milena, Munzarova Helena, Nardi Anna, Pahor Jurij, Pequegnat Catherine, Petersen Florian, Piccinini Davide, Pondrelli Silvia, Prevolnik Snjezan, Racine Roman, Regnier Marc, Reiss Miriam, Salimbeni Simone, Santulin Marco, Scherer Werner, Schippkus Sven, Schulte-Kortnack Detlef, Solarino Stefano, Spieker Kathrin, Stipcevic Josip, Strollo Angelo, Sule Balint, Szanyi Gyongyver, Szucs Eszter, Thorwart Martin, Ueding Stefan, Vallocchia Massimiliano, Vecsey Ludek, Voigt Rene, Weidle Christian, Weyland Gauthier, Wiemer Stefan, Wolf Felix, Wolyniec David, Zieke Thomas (2018). The AlpArray Seismic Network: A Large-Scale European Experiment to Image the Alpine Orogen. Surveys In Geophysics, 39(5), 1009-1033. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s10712-018-9472-4 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00690/80173/