On the diversity and distribution of a data deficient habitat in a poorly mapped region: the case of Sabellaria alveolata L. in Ireland

Type Article
Date 2021-07
Language English
Author(s) Firth Louise B.ORCID1, 2, Curd AmeliaORCID3, Hawkins Stephen.J.1, 4, 5, Knights Antony M.ORCID1, Blaze Julie A.ORCID6, Burrows Michael T.7, Dubois StanislasORCID3, Edwards HughORCID8, Foggo AndyORCID1, Gribben Paul E.9, 10, Grant Lisa2, Harris Daniel11, Mieszkowska Nova4, 12, Nunes FlaviaORCID3, Nunn Julia D.ORCID13, 14, Power Anne MarieORCID2, O’riordan Ruth M.15, McGrath David16, Simkanin Christina17, O’connor Nessa E.18
Affiliation(s) 1 : School of Biological and Marine Sciences, Plymouth University, Plymouth, UK
2 : Zoology, School of Natural Sciences, National University of Ireland Galway, Galway, Ireland
3 : Ifremer, DYNECO-LEBCO, F-29280, Plouzané, France
4 : Marine Biological Association of the UK, Plymouth, UK
5 : School of Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre Southampton, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK
6 : Odum School of Ecology, University of Georgia, Athens, USA
7 : Scottish Association for Marine Science, Oban, UK
8 : Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs, Belfast, UK
9 : Centre for Marine Innovation, School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of New South Wales, Sydney 2052, Australia
10 : Sydney Institute of Marine Science, Chowder Bay Road, Mosman, NSW, 2088, Sydney, Australia
11 : Estuary & Ocean Science Center, San Francisco State University, California, USA
12 : Department of Ocean, Earth and Ecological Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, UK
13 : Centre for Environmental Data & Recording, National Museums Northern Ireland, Holywood, UK
14 : 2 Windmill Lane, Portaferry, UK
15 : School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Sciences and Aquaculture and Fisheries Development Centre, Environmental Research Institute, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
16 : Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, Galway, Ireland
17 : Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Maryland, USA
18 : School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, Ireland
Source Marine Environmental Research (0141-1136) (Elsevier BV), 2021-07 , Vol. 169 , P. 105344 (11p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105344
Keyword(s) Baseline data, Biodiversity, Biogenic habitat, Marine protected area, Reef, Sustained observations
Abstract

Data that can be used to monitor biodiversity through time are essential for conservation and management. The reef-forming worm, Sabellaria alveolata (L. 1767) is currently classed as ‘Data deficient’ due to an imbalance in the spread of data on its distribution. Little is known about the distribution of this species around Ireland. Using data archaeology, we collated past and present distribution records and discovered that S. alveolata has a discontinuous distribution with large gaps in distribution. Many regions lack data and should be targeted for sampling. Biodiversity surveys revealed that S. alveolata supported diverse epibiotic algal communities. Retrograding (declining) reefs supported greater infaunal diversity than prograding (growing) reefs or sand, suggesting that S. alveolata is a dynamic ecosystem engineer that has a lasting legacy effect. Similar research should be carried out for other data deficient species, habitats and regions. Such data are invaluable resources for management and conservation.

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Firth Louise B., Curd Amelia, Hawkins Stephen.J., Knights Antony M., Blaze Julie A., Burrows Michael T., Dubois Stanislas, Edwards Hugh, Foggo Andy, Gribben Paul E., Grant Lisa, Harris Daniel, Mieszkowska Nova, Nunes Flavia, Nunn Julia D., Power Anne Marie, O’riordan Ruth M., McGrath David, Simkanin Christina, O’connor Nessa E. (2021). On the diversity and distribution of a data deficient habitat in a poorly mapped region: the case of Sabellaria alveolata L. in Ireland. Marine Environmental Research, 169, 105344 (11p.). Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105344 , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00693/80471/