The dimensionality and structure of species trait spaces

Type Article
Date 2021-09
Language English
Author(s) Mouillot David1, 2, Loiseau Nicolas1, Grenié Matthias3, Algar Adam C.4, Allegra Michele5, Cadotte Marc W.6, Casajus Nicolas7, Denelle Pierre8, Guéguen Maya9, Maire Anthony10, Maitner Brian11, McGill Brian J.12, McLean Matthew13, Mouquet Nicolas1, 7, Munoz François14, Thuiller Wilfried9, Villeger Sébastien1, Violle Cyrille3, Auber ArnaudORCID15
Affiliation(s) 1 : MARBEC, University of Montpellier, CNRS, IFREMER, IRD, Montpellier, France
2 : Institut Universitaire de France, IUF, Paris, France
3 : Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive—UMR 5175 CEFE, University of Montpellier, CNRS, EPHE, University of Paul Valéry, IRD, Montpellier, France
4 : Department of Biology, Lakehead University, Thunder Bay, ON, Canada
5 : Institut de Neurosciences de la Timone, Aix Marseille Université, UMR 7289, CNRS, Marseille, France
6 : Department of Biological Sciences, University of Toronto-Scarborough, Toronto, ON, Canada
7 : FRB—CESAB, Institut Bouisson Bertrand, Montpellier, France
8 : Biodiversity, Macroecology & Biogeography, University of Goettingen, Göttingen, Germany
9 : Laboratoire d'Ecologie Alpine, Université Grenoble Alpes, Université Savoie Mont Blanc, CNRS, LECA, Grenoble, Fr
10 : EDF R&D, LNHE (Laboratoire National d'Hydraulique et Environnement), Chatou, France
11 : Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Mansfield, CT, USA
12 : School of Biology and Ecology and Mitchell Center for Sustainability Solutions, University of Maine, Orono, ME, USA
13 : Department of Biology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada
14 : LiPhy (Laboratoire Interdisciplinaire de Physique), Université Grenoble Alpes, Grenoble, France
15 : IFREMER, Unité Halieutique Manche Mer du Nord, Laboratoire Ressources Halieutiques, Boulogne-sur- Mer, France
Source Ecology Letters (1461-023X) (Wiley / Blackwell), 2021-09 , Vol. 24 , N. 9 , P. 1988-2009
DOI 10.1111/ele.13778
WOS© Times Cited 52
Keyword(s) complexity, functional ecology, hypervolume, species clustering, species uniqueness

Trait- based ecology aims to understand the processes that generate the overarching diversity of organismal traits and their influence on ecosystem functioning. Achieving this goal requires simplifying this complexity in synthetic axes defining a trait space and to cluster species based on their traits while identifying those with unique combinations of traits. However, so far, we know little about the dimensionality, the robustness to trait omission and the structure of these trait spaces. Here, we propose a unified framework and a synthesis across 30 trait datasets representing a broad variety of taxa, ecosystems and spatial scales to show that a common trade- off between trait space quality and operationality appears between three and six dimensions. The robustness to trait omission is generally low but highly variable among datasets. We also highlight invariant scaling relationships, whatever organismal complexity, between the number of clusters, the number of species in the dominant cluster and the number of unique species with total species richness. When species richness increases, the number of unique species saturates, whereas species tend to disproportionately pack in the richest cluster. Based on these results, we propose some rules of thumb to build species trait spaces and estimate subsequent functional diversity indices.

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Mouillot David, Loiseau Nicolas, Grenié Matthias, Algar Adam C., Allegra Michele, Cadotte Marc W., Casajus Nicolas, Denelle Pierre, Guéguen Maya, Maire Anthony, Maitner Brian, McGill Brian J., McLean Matthew, Mouquet Nicolas, Munoz François, Thuiller Wilfried, Villeger Sébastien, Violle Cyrille, Auber Arnaud (2021). The dimensionality and structure of species trait spaces. Ecology Letters, 24(9), 1988-2009. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :