Collective scientific assessment as a relevant tool to inform public debate and policymaking: an illustration about the effects of plant protection products on biodiversity and ecosystem services

Type Article
Date 2021-07
Language English
Author(s) Pesce StéphaneORCID1, Mamy Laure2, Achard Anne-Laure3, Le Gall Morgane4, Le Perchec Sophie5, Réchauchère Olivier6, Tibi Anaïs6, Leenhardt Sophie6, Sanchez WilfriedORCID7
Affiliation(s) 1 : INRAE, UR RiverLy, 69625, Villeurbanne, France
2 : Université Paris-Saclay, INRAE, AgroParisTech, UMR ECOSYS, 78850, Thiverval-Grignon, France
3 : INRAE, Departement AQUA, Information Scientifique et Technique, 69625, Villeurbanne, France
4 : Ifremer, Information Scientifique et Technique, Bibliothèque La Pérouse, 29280, Plouzané, France
5 : INRAE, UAR1266, DIPSO, 35042, Rennes, France
6 : INRAE, Directorate for Collective Scientific Assessment, Foresight and Advanced Studies, 75338, Paris, France
7 : Ifremer, Direction Scientifique, 34200, Sète, France
Source Environmental Science And Pollution Research (0944-1344) (Springer Science and Business Media LLC), 2021-07 , Vol. 28 , N. 28 , P. 38448-38454
DOI 10.1007/s11356-021-14863-w
WOS© Times Cited 4
Keyword(s) Expertise, Transfer of knowledge, Pesticide, Biocontrol, Ecological risk assessment
Abstract

Several sustainable development goals cannot be achieved without implementing a new generation of environmental measures to better preserve or restore biodiversity and ecosystem services. However, understanding and addressing biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation is a challenging problem that is not solvable without integrating the best and latest science. It is crucial to enhance the legibility of this knowledge for decision-makers and policymakers following good-practice standards of scientific assessment. This is the main objective of collective scientific assessments (CSAs), as carried out by the French National Research Institute for Agriculture, Food and the Environment (INRAE) since the early 2000s following a documented procedure to inform public policy and foster public debate on complex interdisciplinary issues. This article describes the main steps of the CSA procedure designed by INRAE’s Directorate for Collective Scientific Assessment, Foresight and Advanced Studies, from formulation of the initial question asked by public or para-public bodies (typically ministry divisions or environmental agencies) to wider dissemination of the results and conclusions. This process description is then illustrated through the example of a CSA recently commissioned by three French Ministries (for Ecology, for Research, and for Agriculture) regarding (i) contamination of terrestrial, freshwater, and marine ecosystems by plant protection products (PPPs); (ii) the resulting effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services; and (iii) possible prevention and mitigation strategies. The capacity of this kind of CSA to inform public debate and policymaking is then exemplified through a description of the main outcomes generated by the latest CSA dealing with the adverse effects of PPPs. We also provide a short overview of some key expectations from the current CSA, with a focus on the recent development of the ecosystem service approach in ecological risk assessments of PPPs in the European Union. This illustration demonstrates that CSAs, which are applicable to a wide variety of complex interdisciplinary questions that are not limited to environmental issues, are a relevant tool to inform public debate and policymaking.

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Pesce Stéphane, Mamy Laure, Achard Anne-Laure, Le Gall Morgane, Le Perchec Sophie, Réchauchère Olivier, Tibi Anaïs, Leenhardt Sophie, Sanchez Wilfried (2021). Collective scientific assessment as a relevant tool to inform public debate and policymaking: an illustration about the effects of plant protection products on biodiversity and ecosystem services. Environmental Science And Pollution Research, 28(28), 38448-38454. Publisher's official version : https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-14863-w , Open Access version : https://archimer.ifremer.fr/doc/00702/81368/