Macroscale patterns of oceanic zooplankton composition and size structure

Type Article
Date 2021-08
Language English
Author(s) Costa Brandao ManoelaORCID1, 2, Benedetti Fabio3, Martini Séverine4, Dodji Soviadan Yawouvi1, Irisson Jean-Olivier1, Romagnan Jean-Baptiste5, Elineau Amanda1, Desnos Corinne1, Jalabert Laetitia1, Freire Andrea S6, Picheral Marc1, Guidi Lionel1, Gorsky Gabriel1, Bowler Chris7, 8, Karp-Boss Lee9, Henry Nicolas8, 10, de Vargas Colomban8, 10, Sullivan Matthew B11, Tara Oceans Consortium Coordinators , Stemmann Lars1, 8, Lombard Fabien1, 8, 12, Tara Oceans Consortium Coordinators : , Acinas Silvia G13, Babin Marcel14, Bork Peer15, Boss Emmanuel9, Bowler Chris7, 8, Cochrane Guy16, de Vargas Colomban8, 10, Gorsky Gabriel1, Guidi Lionel1, Grimsley Nigel17, 18, Hingamp Pascal4, Ludicone Daniele19, Jaillon Olivier20, Kandels Stefanie15, 21, Karp-Boss Lee9, Karsenti Eric7, 21, Not Fabrice10, Ogata Hiroyuki22, Poultron Nicole23, Pesant Stephane24, 25, Raes Jeroen26, 27, 28, Sardet Christian29, Speich Sabrina30, 31, Stemmann Lars1, Sullivan Matthew B10, Sunagawa Shinichi32, Winckler Patrick20
Affiliation(s) 1 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, 06230, Villefranche-sur-mer, France
2 : Ifremer, Centre Bretagne, Unité Dynamiques des Ecosystèmes Côtiers, 29280, Plouzané, France
3 : ETH Zürich, Institute of Biogeochemistry and Pollutant Dynamics, 8092, Zürich, Switzerland
4 : Aix Marseille Univ., Université de Toulon, CNRS, IRD, MIO UM 110, 13288, Marseille, France
5 : Ifremer, Centre Atlantique, Unité Ecologie et Modèles Pour l’Halieutique, 44311, Nantes, France
6 : Departamento de Ecologia e Zoologia, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, 88010970, Brazil
7 : Institut de Biologie de l’École Normale Supérieure (IBENS), CNRS, INSERM, PSL Université Paris, 75005, Paris, France
8 : Research Federation for the Study of Global Ocean Systems Ecology and Evolution, FR2022/Tara Oceans GOSEE, 75016, Paris, France
9 : School of Marine Sciences, University of Maine, Orono, 04469, USA
10 : Sorbonne Université, CNRS, Station Biologique de Roscoff, AD2M, UMR 7144, 29680, Roscoff, France
11 : Department of Microbiology and Civil, Environmental, and Geodetic Engineering, The Ohio State University, Columbus, 43214, USA
12 : Institut Universitaire de France, 75231, Paris, France
13 : Institute of Marine Sciences (ICM) . CSIC, Pg. Maritim de la Barceloneta, 37.49, 08003 Barcelona, Spain
14 : Takuvik Joint International Laboratory (UMI3376), Université Laval (Canada) – CNRS (France), Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada.
15 : Structural and Computational Biology, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany
16 : European Molecular Biology Laboratory, European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI), Wellcome Trust Genome Campus, Hinxton, Cambridge, UK
17 : CNRS Biologie Integrative Des Organismes Marins (BIOM), UMR7232, 1 avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650 Banyuls.sur.Mer, France.
18 : Sorbonne Universite, Observatoire Oceanologique de Banyuls-Sur-Mer, 1 avenue Pierre Fabre, 66650 Banyuls.sur.Mer, France
19 : Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Naples, Italy.
20 : Génomique Métabolique, Genoscope, Institut de Biologie François Jacob, Commissariat à l’Énergie Atomique (CEA), CNRS, Université Évry, Université Paris-Saclay, Évry, France
21 : Directors’ Research, European Molecular Biology Laboratory, Meyerhofstrasse 1, 69117 Heidelberg, Germany.
22 : Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Gokasho, Uji, Kyoto 611.001, Japan
23 : Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, East Boothbay, ME 04544, USA
24 : PANGAEA, Data Publisher for Earth and Environmental Science, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
25 : MARUM, Center for Marine Environmental Sciences, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany.
26 : Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Rega Institute, KU Leuven, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium.
27 : Center for the Biology of Disease, VIB, Herestraat 49, 3000 Leuven, Belgium
28 : Department of Applied Biological Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2, 1050 Brussels, Belgium
29 : Sorbonne Universite, CNRS, UMR 7009 Biodev, Observatoire Oceanologique, 06230 Villefranche.sur.mer, France.
30 : Department of Geosciences, Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique (LMD), Ecole Normale Supérieure, 24 rue Lhomond, 75231 Paris Cedex 05, France.
31 : Laboratoire de Physique des Océans, UBO-IUEM, Place Copernic, 29820 Plouzané, France.
32 : Department of Biology, Institute of Microbiology and Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics, ETH Zurich, Vladimir.Prelog.Weg 4, 8093 Zurich, Switzerland.
Source Scientific Reports (2045-2322) (Nature Research), 2021-08 , Vol. 11 , N. 1 , P. 19p.
DOI 10.1038/s41598-021-94615-5
WOS© Times Cited 32

Ocean plankton comprise organisms from viruses to fish larvae that are fundamental to ecosystem functioning and the provision of marine services such as fisheries and CO2 sequestration. The latter services are partly governed by variations in plankton community composition and the expression of traits such as body size at community-level. While community assembly has been thoroughly studied for the smaller end of the plankton size spectrum, the larger end comprises ectotherms that are often studied at the species, or group-level, rather than as communities. The body size of marine ectotherms decreases with temperature, but controls on community-level traits remain elusive, hindering the predictability of marine services provision. Here, we leverage Tara Oceans datasets to determine how zooplankton community composition and size structure varies with latitude, temperature and productivity-related covariates in the global surface ocean. Zooplankton abundance and median size decreased towards warmer and less productive environments, as a result of changes in copepod composition. However, some clades displayed the opposite relationships, which may be ascribed to alternative feeding strategies. Given that climate models predict increasingly warmed and stratified oceans, our findings suggest that zooplankton communities will shift towards smaller organisms which might weaken their contribution to the biological carbon pump.

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Supplementary Information 5. 21 KB Open access
Author Correction - 10.1038/s41598-021-99772-1 1 735 KB Open access
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Costa Brandao Manoela, Benedetti Fabio, Martini Séverine, Dodji Soviadan Yawouvi, Irisson Jean-Olivier, Romagnan Jean-Baptiste, Elineau Amanda, Desnos Corinne, Jalabert Laetitia, Freire Andrea S, Picheral Marc, Guidi Lionel, Gorsky Gabriel, Bowler Chris, Karp-Boss Lee, Henry Nicolas, de Vargas Colomban, Sullivan Matthew B, Tara Oceans Consortium Coordinators, Stemmann Lars, Lombard Fabien, Tara Oceans Consortium Coordinators :, Acinas Silvia G, Babin Marcel, Bork Peer, Boss Emmanuel, Bowler Chris, Cochrane Guy, de Vargas Colomban, Gorsky Gabriel, Guidi Lionel, Grimsley Nigel, Hingamp Pascal, Ludicone Daniele, Jaillon Olivier, Kandels Stefanie, Karp-Boss Lee, Karsenti Eric, Not Fabrice, Ogata Hiroyuki, Poultron Nicole, Pesant Stephane, Raes Jeroen, Sardet Christian, Speich Sabrina, Stemmann Lars, Sullivan Matthew B, Sunagawa Shinichi, Winckler Patrick (2021). Macroscale patterns of oceanic zooplankton composition and size structure. Scientific Reports, 11(1), 19p. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :