Spatio-temporal variability of a chlorophyll-a based biomass index and influence of coastal sources of enrichment in the Algerian Basin

Type Article
Date 2022-01
Language English
Author(s) Harid RomaissaORCID1, 2, Demarcq HerveORCID2, Keraghel Mehdia-AsmaORCID1, Ait-Kaci Malik1, Zerrouki MohamedORCID1, Bachari Nour-El-IslamORCID3, Houma Fouzia1
Affiliation(s) 1 : ECOSYSMarL: Laboratoire des Écosystèmes Marins et Littoraux, École Nationale Supérieure des Sciences de la Mer et de l’Aménagement du Littoral (ENSSMAL), Campus Universitaire de Dely Ibrahim Bois des Cars, B.P. 19, 16320, Alger, Algeria
2 : MARBEC, IRD, Ifremer, CNRS, Univ Montpellier, Sète, Avenue Jean Monnet, CS 30171, 34203, Sète cedex, France
3 : USTHB: Université des Sciences et Technologie Houari Boumedien, Département Écologie et Environnement, BP 32 Bab Ezzouar, 16111, Alger, Algeria
Source Continental Shelf Research (0278-4343) (Elsevier BV), 2022-01 , Vol. 232 , P. 104629 (15p.)
DOI 10.1016/j.csr.2021.104629
WOS© Times Cited 5
Keyword(s) Ocean colour, Alongshore variability, Wadi, Anthropic enrichment, MODIS

This study investigates the spatial distribution and temporal variability of chlorophyll-a (Chl-a) biomass in the Algerian Basin (AB) along its meridional and cross-shore dimensions, focusing on coastal enrichments. After correcting most atmospheric disturbances in the daily MODIS Level-2 data series between 2003 and 2018, a fortnightly climatology of 1-km resolution Chl-a has been generated to account for specific coastal features previously poorly evidenced from 4-km Level-3 data. The AB is characterised by two extreme seasons of high and low biomass, separated by sharp transitions, that characterise the offshore domain. The coastal area (<10 km) reveals an intense and distinct dynamic associated with highly productive local hotspots rather than seasonal variability. A biomass index is proposed as the horizontally integrated Chl-a concentration from the coastline to the most offshore extension of the 0.5 mg m-3 Chl-a isopleth. This index separately quantifies the cumulative biomass of both offshore and coastal domains with large alongshore variability. Low values (<5 g m-2) were observed in the offshore area during summer and high values during the spring blooms (up to 40 g m-2), while maximum values (>50 g m-2) were locally observed in the coastal domain. The narrow coastal area alone represents 44% of the total biomass, with coastal hotspots where the enrichment is up to 5 times higher than offshore. Multivariate modelling of the potential factors favouring coastal enrichments shows that the phytoplanktonic biomass in coastal waters is mainly associated with enrichments from wadis and seasonally from city sewage as well as by the presence of a bay. A separate source of enrichment is undoubtedly associated with the presence of aquaculture cages.

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Harid Romaissa, Demarcq Herve, Keraghel Mehdia-Asma, Ait-Kaci Malik, Zerrouki Mohamed, Bachari Nour-El-Islam, Houma Fouzia (2022). Spatio-temporal variability of a chlorophyll-a based biomass index and influence of coastal sources of enrichment in the Algerian Basin. Continental Shelf Research, 232, 104629 (15p.). Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :