Climatological distribution of dissolved inorganic nutrients in the western Mediterranean Sea (1981-2017)

Type Article
Date 2021-12
Language English
Author(s) Belgacem Malek1, 2, Schroeder Katrin1, Barth Alexander3, Troupin Charles3, Pavoni Bruno2, Raimbault Patrick4, Garcia Nicole4, Borghini Mireno5, Chiggiato JacopoORCID1
Affiliation(s) 1 : CNR-ISMAR, Arsenale Tesa 104, Castello 2737/F, 30122 Venice, Italy
2 : Dipartimento di Scienze Ambientali, Informatica e Statistica (DAIS), Università Ca' Foscari Venezia, Campus Scientifico, Via Torino 155, 30170 Venice, Italy​​​​​​​
3 : GeoHydrodynamics and Environment Research (GHER), Freshwater and Oceanic sCiences Unit of reSearch (FOCUS), University of Liège, Quartier Agora, Allée du 6-Août, 17, Sart Tilman, 4000 Liège 1, Belgium
4 : Mediterranean Institute of Oceanography (MIO) UM 110, Aix-Marseille Université, CNRS-INSU, Université de Toulon, IRD, 13288, Marseille, France
5 : CNR-ISMAR, Forte Santa Teresa, Pozzuolo di Lerici, 19032 La Spezia, Italy
Source Earth System Science Data (1866-3508) (Copernicus Publications), 2021-12 , Vol. 13 , N. 12 , P. 5915-5949
DOI 10.5194/essd-13-5915-2021
WOS© Times Cited 3

The Western MEDiterranean Sea BioGeochemical Climatology (BGC-WMED, (Belgacem et al., 2021) presented here is a product derived from quality-controlled in situ observations. Annual mean gridded nutrient fields for the period 1981–2017 and its sub-periods 1981–2004 and 2005–2017 on a horizontal ∘ × ∘ grid have been produced. The biogeochemical climatology is built on 19 depth levels and for the dissolved inorganic nutrients nitrate, phosphate and orthosilicate. To generate smooth and homogeneous interpolated fields, the method of the variational inverse model (VIM) was applied. A sensitivity analysis was carried out to assess the comparability of the data product with the observational data. The BGC-WMED was then compared to other available data products, i.e., the MedBFM biogeochemical reanalysis of the Mediterranean Sea and the World Ocean Atlas 2018 (WOA18) (its biogeochemical part). The new product reproduces common features with more detailed patterns and agrees with previous records. This suggests a good reference for the region and for the scientific community for the understanding of inorganic nutrient variability in the western Mediterranean Sea, in space and in time, but our new climatology can also be used to validate numerical simulations, making it a reference data product.

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Belgacem Malek, Schroeder Katrin, Barth Alexander, Troupin Charles, Pavoni Bruno, Raimbault Patrick, Garcia Nicole, Borghini Mireno, Chiggiato Jacopo (2021). Climatological distribution of dissolved inorganic nutrients in the western Mediterranean Sea (1981-2017). Earth System Science Data, 13(12), 5915-5949. Publisher's official version : , Open Access version :