Interannual variability of the initiation of the phytoplankton growing period in two French coastal ecosystems

Abstract. Decadal time series of chlorophyll-a concentrations sampled at high and low frequencies are explored to study climate-induced changes on the processes inducing interannual variations in the Initiation of the Phytoplankton Growing Period (IPGP) in early spring. In this study, we specifically detail the IPGP in two contrasting French coastal ecosystems: the Bay of Brest and the Bay of Vilaine. A large interannual variability in the IPGP is observed in both ecosystems in connection with variations of environmental drivers (solar radiation, sea temperature, wind direction and intensity, precipitation, river flow, sea level, currents and turbidity). We show that the IPGP is delayed by around 30 days in 2019 in comparison with 2010. The use of a one-dimensional vertical model coupling hydrodynamics, biogeochemistry and sediment dynamics shows that the IPGP is generally dependent on the interaction between several drivers. Interannual changes are therefore not associated with a unique driver (such as increasing sea surface temperature). Extreme events also impact the IPGP. In both bays, IPGP is sensitive to cold spells and flood events. The interannual variability of the IPGP is significant and strongly conditioned, at the local scale, by a combination of several environmental parameters, with a larger sensitivity to sea temperature and light conditions, linked to the turbidity of the system. While both bays are hydrodynamically contrasted, the processes that modulate IPGP are similar. Keywords Phytoplankton biomass, Long-term in situ observations, Coastal ecosystems, Extreme events, Climate change.

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Preprint - 10.5194/bg-2022-86
293 Mo
Supplement to the preprint
213 Mo
Publisher's official version
213 Mo
Supplement to the final revised paper
223 Mo
How to cite
Poppeschi Coline, Charria Guillaume, Daniel Anne, Verney Romaric, Rimmelin-Maury Peggy, Retho Michael, Goberville Eric, Grossteffan Emilie, Plus Martin (2022). Interannual variability of the initiation of the phytoplankton growing period in two French coastal ecosystems. Biogeosciences. 19 (24). 5667-5687.,

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